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The russian revolution


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The russian revolution

  1. 1. The Russian Revolution<br />
  2. 2. Russian Monarchy<br />Before the First World War Russia was a monarchy rule by Tsars<br />At the time of the war Russia’s Tsar was Nicholas II<br />Nicholas was very conservative and wanted Russia to follow the old system of social classes<br />This mean that Russia was not as industrialized as many other countries<br />
  3. 3. Russia in WW1<br />The First World War was the first major industrial war<br />This meant that Russia could not keep up with the amount of supplies needed by its forces, including: Rifles, ammunition, artillery and even food<br />Because of their inability to supply their soldiers the Russians were suffering heavy losses in battle<br />
  4. 4. Revolution Beginnings<br />Because of the war there were food shortages across Russia and inflation was out of control<br />Workers became politically involved and formed groups known as “soviets”<br />Almost 400,000 on strike workers were joined by peasants and thousands of deserting soldiers<br />They demanded the redistribution of land from wealthy landowners to common people<br />On February 28, 1917 Tsar Nicholas abdicated his throne and a provisional government was formed <br />
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  6. 6. Socialist Soviets<br />The Provisional government wasn’t doing much better, food was scarce and they were still doing poorly in the war<br />More radical members of the Soviets, such as Vladimir Lenin provoked workers and soldiers with statements like, “Bread, peace and land!”<br />Lenin and his followers became known as the Bolsheviks<br />
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  8. 8. Soviet Union<br />In September of 1917 Bolsheviks win a majority in the provisional government<br />On October 25 Bolshevik soldiers capture key buildings in Petrograd (the capital) and the Tsar’s old Winter Palace<br />On October 26 the Bolsheviks gave themselves state power and local authority to the soviets<br />They abolished capital punishment, got Russia out of the war and formed a Bolshevik government with Lenin as Chair<br />