The end of the war

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The end of the war

  1. 1. The End of the War<br />
  2. 2. American Involvement<br />American President Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917 after German submarines sank 7 US merchant ships<br />By summer 1918 they were sending 10,000 soldiers a day<br />Germany also sent a secret telegram to Mexico asking them to join the war on the German side once the US joined the war<br />
  3. 3. German Offensive of 1918<br />Entire action took place between March 21 to April 5, 1918<br />Germany used new tactics that relied on surprise<br />The Germans would use a very short artillery barrage then sneak small groups of soldiers through to weak points in allied lines<br />More heavily armed German soldiers would then move up to reinforce their new trenches<br />
  4. 4. German Offensive of 1918<br />Germany advanced an amazing 60 kilometres<br />The front lines moved to less than 120 kilometres of Paris<br />Heavy rail guns fired shells on Paris causing citizens to flee<br />
  5. 5. End of the Offensive<br />The Allies were able to hold the Germans back from making anymore significant gains<br />From May to July 1918 the Allies were able to slowly take back much of the land the Germans had gained<br />The offensive and the following counter by the Allies meant that the Germans did not have the manpower to mount anymore significant attacks<br />
  6. 6. The One Hundred Days Offensive<br />The Allies launched several offensives from August 8 to November 11, 1918<br />The Battle of Amiens (Aug 8-10), and the Battle of the Somme (Aug 15-29) were two decisive victories for the Allies<br />The Germans were forced to retreat to their heavily fortified Hindenburg line<br />
  7. 7. Armistice<br />Fighting continued until minutes before the armistice at 11:00am on Nov. 11<br />The armistice was signed on a railway car in France<br />
  8. 8. Treaty of Versailles<br />Military restrictions: German army limited to 100,000, navy limited to 15,000, import and export of weapons not allowed, poison gas, armed aircraft, tanks, armoured cars prohibited, <br />Germany gave Alsace and Lorraine to France, Poland created cut Germany in half, <br />Germany had to pay Allied countries the equivalent of 442 billion USD for their losses, finished paying in 2010<br />

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