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UNIT - 1
Introduction
to
E-Business
Prepared by : II MBA Students, Class 2017-19, CBIT College - Proddatur
Definition of E-Commerce
E –commerce is the activity of buying or selling of
products on online services or over the Internet
Process of E-Commerce
Advantages of E-commerce
• Faster transactions
• 24/7 available
• More reach to customers
• Low operation cost & better quality
• No need physical complete infrastructure
• Choose the products without movement
Dis- advantages
• Unable to examine the product personally
• Not everyone connected to the internet
• Chance to Hacking
Definition of E-Business
• Electronic Business, shortly known as e-
business, is the online presence of business.
It can also be defined as the business which is
done with the help of internet or electronic
data interchange i.e is known as E- business
Types of E-Business
• Pure-play:
The business which is having an electronic
existence only.
Ex: Hotels.com
• Brick and click
The business model, in which the business
exists both in online .
i.e. electronic and offline i.e. physical mode
Advantages of e -business
• Easy to setup:
t is easy to setup an electronic business . You can
set up an online business even by sitting at home if
you have the required software, a device, and the
internet.
• Cheaper than Traditional Business:
Compare to traditional business, e business
requires less cost.
• No Geographical Boundaries:
There are no geographical boundaries for e-
business. Anyone can order anything from anywhere
at anytime
Limitations of E-Business:
• Lack of Personal Touch:
One cannot touch or feel the product . So it
is difficult for the consumer to check the
quality of a product.
• Security Issues:
There are a lot of people who scam through
online business. Also ,it is easier for hackers to
get your financial details.
E-business E-commerce
• E business is a superset of e
commerce
• In addition it includes the
exchanging of information
directly related to buying &
selling of products
• In addition it involves
activites like procurement
of raw materials& goods
and customer education.
• It required Internet along
with CRM’s and ERP that
connects different business
processes.
• E commerce is a subset of
e business
• It is used of electronic
transmission medium that
caters for buying & selling
products and services.
• It mainly include monetary
transactions.
• E commerce involves the
mandatory use of internet.
• It involves only buying &
selling of products and
services.
• It is a AMBIVERTED means
that cover internal factors.
• It can involves the use of
internet & Intranet or
Extranet.
• It can also include pre-sales
& post-sales.
• We can see it mainly in B-B
model transactions.
Examples ::
* www.citehr.com
* www.smartsheet.com
* www.investopedia.com
* www.scribd.com
• We can see it mainly in B to
C model transactions.
Examples::
* www.flipkart.com
* www.amazon.com
* www.ebay.in
* www.shoclues.com
* www.olx.com
Types of E-Commerce
.
.
• Business to Business
• Business to Consumer
• Consumer to Consumer
• Business to Government
• Consumer to Government
Business to Business
• It is one type of e-commerce it encompasses all
electronic transactions of goods or services
conducted between companies i.e., one companies
sell their goods online to other company.
• B2B e-commerce is simply defined as e-
commerce between companies.
• Ex : Intel selling micro processor to dell.
Business to consumer
• In B2C e-commerce environment companies
sell their goods to the consumer through online
who is enduser of the product or services.
• Here the e-commerce between the companies
and consumers.
• The consumer purchase physical goods but
receiving a products over an electronic
network.
Consumer to Consumer
• It is one type of e-commerce it encompasses
all electronic transactions of goods or services
conducted between consumers.
• Generally these transactions are conducted
through a third party which provides the online
platform where the transactions are actually
carried out.
• Eg: e-bay
Business to Government
• It encompasses all transactions conducted
through online between the companies and
government.
• It refers to government providing services or
information , social security , employment,
legal documents, registrations.
Consumer to Government
• It is also one part of e-commerce
• Objective of this model is to provide goods
and effective services to each citizen .
• It gives information to all departments.
• It provide difficult welfare schemes.
VALUE CHAINS IN THE ECOMMERCE
• A way of organizing the activities of a business so that each
activity adds value or productivity to the total operation of the
business. In e-commerce a number of business processes and
activities go unnoticed by the consumer and are often taken for
granted. Within an online merchants business value added
activities work together to make the business to consumer
interface operational in this section we systematically analyze
a company’s value and how it make commerce on the internet
a reality.
• In 1985, MICHAEL PORTER wrote a book called competitive
advantages in which he introduces the concept of the value
chain. Business receive raw materials as input add value to
them through various processes and sell the finished product
as output to customer.
THE VALUE CHAIN SHOWS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
AMONG TWO ACTIVITES
• PRIMARY ACTIVITIES
• SUPPORT ACTIVITIES
PRIMARY ACTIVITIES
A business unit needs support activities to make sure the
primary activities.
• Inbound logistics
• Operations
• Outbound logistics
• Marketing & Sales
• Service
• Inbound logistics: these are procurement activities vendor selection,
comparative shopping, negotiating supply contract, and just in time
arrival of goods.
• Operations: this is the actual conversion of raw materials received into
finished product includes fabrication, assembly, testing & packaging the
product.
• Outbound logistics: this activity represents the actual distributing &
shipping of the final product. It involves warehousing, materials
handling, shipping & timely delivery to the ultimate retailer or customer.
• Marketing & Sales: this activity deals with the ultimate customer, it
includes advertising, product promotion, sales management, identifying
the products customer base & distribution channel.
• Service: this activities focuses on after sale to the customer. It includes
testing, maintenance, repair, warranty work & replacement parts.
SUPPORT ACTIVITIES
Support activities are those activities that has been used to
support the primary activities. For the success implement of
the primary activities supporting activities are essential.
• Corporate Infrastructure
• Human Resource
• Technology Development
• Procurement
• Corporate Infrastructure: this activity is the backbone of the business
unit. It includes general management, accounting, finance, planning and
legal services.
• Human Resource: this is the unique activity of matching the right people
to the job. It involves recruitment, retention, career path development,
compensation, training & development & benefits administration.
• Technology Development: this activity adds value in the way it improve
the product and the business process in the primary activities. The output of
this activity contributes to the product quality, integrity, & reliability, which
make life easier for the sales force and for customer relations.
• Procurement: this activity focuses on the purchasing function and how
well it ensure the availability of quality raw material for production.
E-Commerce in India
What is E-Commerce?
 Electronic commerce is commonly known as e-
commerce . It is a type of industry where buying and
selling of products or services is conducted over
electronic systems , such as mobile commerce ,
electronic fund transfer, internet marketing, online
transaction processing , electronic data interchange.
Trend of E-Commerce in India
Top 10 E-Commerce in India.
 Flipkart.com
 Ebay.in
 Snapdeal.com
 Jabong.com
 Myntra.com
 Yebhi.com
 Tradus.com
 Infibeam.com
 Fashion and you.com
 Naaptol.com
Future of E-Commerce in India
Payment Gateway
in E-Commerce
INTERNET
Introduction of Internet :
Internet was started by Robert E.Kahn and Vint Cerf.
The Father of internet is Vint Cerf.
Cerf is a codesigner of the TCP/IP protocols and the architecture of the
internet.
when internet was born ?
October 29,1969 born the internet messages sent from computer to
computer in different locations .January 1 1983 ARPANET adopted the
standard TCP/IP protocal.
Meaning of internet
A global computer network providing a variety of information and
communication facilities consisting of interconnected networks using standardized
communication protocols.
Definition of internet :
According to Cambridge English dictionary the internet is the large
system of connected computers around the word that allows people to share
information and communicate with each other .
.
Uses of internet:
Information Resources :
Anyone ,Anywhere can use the internet as an
informative resource ,since it packet wirh so many articles about
almost any topics.
Education Resource :
The internet can be a very handy and instant
educative platform for any student from any machine with an
internet connectivity .
Online Magazines and Newspapers :
Now-a-days you don’t really need to buy
a newspaper (or) magazine due to their online availability.
Online Shopping and Commerce :
This Is pretty obvious too you can buy &
sell online .A very big advantage of E-Commerce is that you
can target a wrider audience as compared to a business which
is local to a country .
* Information ,knowledge, and learning.
* Connectivity , Communication and Sharing
* Address mapping and contact information
* Banking bills and shopping
* Selling and making money
* Collaboration work from home and access to a global
workforce.
* Donations and funding
* Entertainment
Advantages of Internet
* Bullying , trolls , stalkers and crime .
* Exploitation and pornography and violent images.
* Addiction , time waster , and cause distractions.
* Never being able to disconnect.
* Identify theft, hacking, viruses and cheating.
* Spam and advertising.
* Affects focus and patience.
* Depression , loneliness and social isolation.
* Health issue and obesity
Disadvantages of Internet
Importance of internet :
1. Inventions of new internet technologies for business
2. Internet is in role of business successor .
3. Internet marketing and advertising is most accessed
part of the internet by business
4. Internet is essential tool for business do product
survey and testing
5. Internet platform helping business to sell products
and services online
6. Internet helping business to execute employee
training and development programs
7. Internet building business and customer relationship
8. Internet speedup and making business process
accurate
Different types of internet connections
*Dial –up (Analog 56 k)
*DSL (digital subscriber line )
*Cable
*Wireless
*Satellite
*Cellular
Tools of Internet :
*HTPP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol )
*FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
*E – mail
*Internet Relay Chat
*Gopher
*WWW (World Wide Web)
*Telnet and SSH (Secure Shell)
WEB BASED TOOLS
FOR
E-COMMERCE
OBJECTIVES
1. Computers that support Web servers
2. Hardware requirements of typical Web
server
and software packages.
3. Fundamental duties of a Web server
4. Other ancillary Web server functions
5. Specific Web server software
6. Advanced Web server tools
Web Platform Choices
• Faster servers are better than slower ones
• Good choice for the present, and for the future
• Intranet and external traffic demands
• Operating systems supported
• Scalable
WEB SERVER
• A Web server is a program that uses HTTP
(Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) to serve the
files that form Web pages to users, in response
to their requests, which are forwarded by their
computers' HTTP clients.
• Dedicated computers and appliances may be
referred to as Web servers as well.
Web Server Software Feature Sets
• Core capabilities
– -Process and respond to web client requests using
the HTTP Protocol.
* Security
* Validation of username and password
*Processing certificates and key pairs
* FTP
- Transferring of files to or from the server
Web Server Software Feature Sets
• Searching
– Searching the existing site or entire web for
documents
– Indexing provides full-text indexes for files stored
on the server
– Data Analysis
- Capture visitor information
- Who , how long , date& time , what pages were
visited
Web Server Software and Tools
• Apache Http server
• Microsoft Internet Information Server
• Netscape Enterprise Server
• O’Reilly Website Professional
• Others
Apache Http server
• Dominates the Web in numbers, largely because it’s
free
• Runs on many operating systems
- AIX, BSD/OS, FreeBSD, HP-UX, Irix, Linux,
Microsoft NT, QNS, SCO, Solaris
• Security is well thought out
- Password authentication
- Digital certificate authentication
- Access restrictions
Microsoft Internet Information Server
• Bundled (free) with Microsoft Windows NT
operating system
• Robust and capable, suitable for small sites up
to enterprise-class sites
• Tightly integrated security with NT
Netscape Enterprise Server
• Powerful development environment
• Link management
• Web publishing
• Agent services
• Upload Web pages to host computer
O’Reilly Website Professional
• Various add-on tools
• Flexible scripting
• Easy installation
• Good documentation
WEB PORTALS
• Web portal is a site that people use as a launching
point to enter the Web.
• A portal almost always includes a Web directory
and search engine, but it also includes other features
that help visitors find what they are looking for on
the Web and thus make the Web more useful.
• Most portals include features such as shopping
directories, white pages and yellow pages
searchable databases, free e-mail, chat rooms, file,
storage services, games, and personal and group
calendar tools.
WEB PORTALS
• Personal Portals
• Government Web Portals
• News Portals
• Corporate Web Portals
• Stock Portals
• Search Portals
• Hosted Web Portals
WEB PORTALS
PERSONAL PORTALS :
A personal portal is a site on the World Wide Web that
typically provides personalized capabilities to its visitors, providing
a pathway to other content.
GOVERNMENT WEB PORTALS:
At the end of the dot-com boom in the 1990s, many
governments had already committed to creating portal sites for their
citizens. Eg- australia.gov.au for Australia
WEB PORTALS
NEWS PORTALS:
The traditional media rooms all around the world
are fast adapting to the new age technologies. This marks
the beginning of news portals by media houses across the
globe.
STOCK PORTALS:
Stock market portals or stock exchange portals are
Web-based applications that facilitates the process of
informing the share-holders with substantial online data
such as the latest price, ask/bids, the latest News, reports
and announcements.
WEB PORTALS
CORPORATE WEB PORTALS
Many companies began to offer tools to help
webmasters manage their data, applications and
information more easily, and through personalized
views.
Portal solutions can also include workflow
management, collaboration between work groups, and
policy-managed content publication.
WEB PORTALS
SEARCH PORTALS
Search portals aggregate results from several
search engines into one page.
HOSTED WEB PORTALS
The hosted portal market fundamentally
changed the composition of portals. they served
simply as a tool for publishing information instead of
the loftier goals of integrating legacy applications or
presenting correlated data from distributed databases
SEARCH ENGINES
• A special kind of Web page software that finds
other Web pages that match a word or phrase
the user enters
• Contains three major parts:
1. Spider, crawler, or bot – searches the Web
2. Index – catalogs what is found
3. Search engine utility – provides search
results
INTELLIGENT AGENTS
• An intelligent agent (IA) is an autonomous entity which
observes and acts upon an environment.
• Intelligent agents may also learn or use knowledge to
achieve their goals.
• Intelligent agents are often described schematically as
an abstract functional system similar to a computer
program.
• Intelligent agents are software applications that have a
predefined knowledge base and/or learning system
about their user's goals and wishes and, through
adaptive reasoning, use this information to execute their
user's request.
E-COMMERCE SOFTWARE
• Businesses on the Internet can face challenges when
trying to exchange information with each other—
information such as invoices and inventory tracking
information—using XML.
• With XML and webMethods software, a
manufacturing company’s order can be translated into
a Web page that both the manufacturer’s software and
the Web
• server can understand.
WEB HOSTING
The most important factors to evaluate when
selecting a hosting service include:
● Functionality
● Reliability
● Bandwidth and server scalability
● Security
● Backup and disaster recovery
● Cost
COST ANALYSIS
COST ANALYSIS
• A key part of creating a business plan for
electronic commerce initiatives is the process
of identifying potential benefits, identifying
the costs required to generate those benefits,
and evaluating whether the benefits exceed the
costs.
• Companies should evaluate each element of
their electronic commerce strategies using this
cost/benefit approach.
Electronic Data Interchange [EDI]
• It enables the firms to exchange business information faster,
more cheaply and accurately than possible using paper based
documents.
• The whole point of EDI is to enable your company to
communicate with other applications that are always on the
distal end of some long distance link and always “black boxes”
from the viewpoint of your own network and applications.
• It is a standard for the electronic exchange of business
documents, such as invoices and purchase orders.
• Edi consists of standardized electronic message formats for
common business documents such as purchase order, request
for quotation, bills of lading, invoice and similar documents.
Benefits of EDI
• Lower Processing cost : The cost of the processing EDI
documents is much lower than processing paper documents.
• Improves the overall quality of data : Improvements in overall
quality can be achieved through better record keeping, fewer
errors in data, reduced processing time and less reliance on
human interpretation
• Helps to reduce inventory level: Inventory level can be
reduced.EDI permits faster and accurate filling and exchange of
orders which helps to reduce the unwanted level of inventoty
• Data is entered only at the source : Transfer of information from
computer to computer is automatic and there is no need of
feeding data frequently. Helps to manage information system
effectively and efficiently.
• Customer relations can be improved : Customer relations are
improved through better quality and speed of services.Business
relations with trading partners can also be improved .
Working of EDI
• 1. Preparation of electronic documents
The first step in the sequence of EDI is the
collection of information and data. The way to collect
the required information should be same as the way to
do it in the traditional system. However, instead of
printing out the data on paper in tradition, the system
has to build an electronic file or database to store those
data. In the case of companies who already use
computer to issue their documents like purchase orders,
they may already have some sort of databases which
store those information, then they fan start with the next
step described below.
• Outbound translation
The next step is to translate the electronic file or database in
to a standard format according to the specification of the corresponding
document. The resulting data file should contain a series of structured
transactions related to the purchase order for example. If more than one
company is involved in the particular transaction, individual files should
be produced for each of them.
* Communication
Then the computer should connect and transmit those data
files to the pre arranged Value Added Network [VAN} automatically. The
VAN should then process each file and route the appropriate electronic
mailboxes according to the destination set in the file.
* Inbound translation
The designated company should be able to retrieve the file
from their electronic mailboxes in a constant period, and then reverse the
process by translating the file from the standard format into the specific
format required by the company’s application software.
Drawbacks
• .High cost: One of the severe criticisms levelled against EDI is its high cost.
EDI applications are costly to develop and operate
• 2.Limited accessibility: EDI applications do not allow consumers to
communicate and transact with the suppliers in an easy and a direct way,as
Networking facilities require certain software to access and communicate forms
through EDI
• Rigid requirements: EDI applications require highly structured
protocols,software etc for information interchange.EDI insists up on
transactingparties to follow rigid agreements about the structure and meaning
of data. These agreements are time consumingto negotiate,rigid and difficult to
maintain.
• .Partial solutions: EDI applications suggest only partial solutions to
organisation in their transacting process.Complete automationof transacting
process is difficult to materialise in the constantly changing business
environment.There will be time gap between placing order for products and the
final settlement of bills.This may lead to discrepancies between transactions.
• closed world: The scope of EDI application is very limited.The concept of
closed world is outdated consequent on the popularity of WWW makes it easier
for organisations to enter into open web related market place.
Components on Electronic data
Interchange
• Standard document format :- a standard
format agreed upon by both partices which do
not require complicated hardware or software
to access information. Both parties
communicate direactly through a business
application.
• Translator and mapper:- a translator is used
to convert the raw data into meaningful
information according to specifications
provided by a mapper. A mapper is used to
create conversion specification. It compiles the
specification and then gives instructions to the
translator on how to convert the date.
• Communication software:- a
communication software is used to transmit
data and convert business documents into
a standard format. It follows a standard
communication protocol which is
incorporated in the software.
• Trade agreement:- a legally binding trade
agreement between you and your trading
partner.
• Communication network:- a communication
network provides a direct link between
trading partners who are will to exchange
business documents through electronic data
interchange.
• Modem:-it is a hardware device that transmits
data from one computer to another.
• Van:-stands for value added network a
network that connect the computer system of
one organization to another.
• Point to point link:-a direct communication
link between two computer. Some trading
partners affer a direct connection to their edi
computer.trading partners may optimize for
this method of communication instead of
using a van.
THANK YOU

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E - Business Introduction

  • 1. UNIT - 1 Introduction to E-Business Prepared by : II MBA Students, Class 2017-19, CBIT College - Proddatur
  • 2. Definition of E-Commerce E –commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet
  • 4. Advantages of E-commerce • Faster transactions • 24/7 available • More reach to customers • Low operation cost & better quality • No need physical complete infrastructure • Choose the products without movement
  • 5. Dis- advantages • Unable to examine the product personally • Not everyone connected to the internet • Chance to Hacking
  • 6. Definition of E-Business • Electronic Business, shortly known as e- business, is the online presence of business. It can also be defined as the business which is done with the help of internet or electronic data interchange i.e is known as E- business
  • 7. Types of E-Business • Pure-play: The business which is having an electronic existence only. Ex: Hotels.com • Brick and click The business model, in which the business exists both in online . i.e. electronic and offline i.e. physical mode
  • 8. Advantages of e -business • Easy to setup: t is easy to setup an electronic business . You can set up an online business even by sitting at home if you have the required software, a device, and the internet. • Cheaper than Traditional Business: Compare to traditional business, e business requires less cost. • No Geographical Boundaries: There are no geographical boundaries for e- business. Anyone can order anything from anywhere at anytime
  • 9. Limitations of E-Business: • Lack of Personal Touch: One cannot touch or feel the product . So it is difficult for the consumer to check the quality of a product. • Security Issues: There are a lot of people who scam through online business. Also ,it is easier for hackers to get your financial details.
  • 10. E-business E-commerce • E business is a superset of e commerce • In addition it includes the exchanging of information directly related to buying & selling of products • In addition it involves activites like procurement of raw materials& goods and customer education. • It required Internet along with CRM’s and ERP that connects different business processes. • E commerce is a subset of e business • It is used of electronic transmission medium that caters for buying & selling products and services. • It mainly include monetary transactions. • E commerce involves the mandatory use of internet. • It involves only buying & selling of products and services.
  • 11. • It is a AMBIVERTED means that cover internal factors. • It can involves the use of internet & Intranet or Extranet. • It can also include pre-sales & post-sales. • We can see it mainly in B-B model transactions. Examples :: * www.citehr.com * www.smartsheet.com * www.investopedia.com * www.scribd.com • We can see it mainly in B to C model transactions. Examples:: * www.flipkart.com * www.amazon.com * www.ebay.in * www.shoclues.com * www.olx.com
  • 13. . • Business to Business • Business to Consumer • Consumer to Consumer • Business to Government • Consumer to Government
  • 14. Business to Business • It is one type of e-commerce it encompasses all electronic transactions of goods or services conducted between companies i.e., one companies sell their goods online to other company. • B2B e-commerce is simply defined as e- commerce between companies. • Ex : Intel selling micro processor to dell.
  • 15. Business to consumer • In B2C e-commerce environment companies sell their goods to the consumer through online who is enduser of the product or services. • Here the e-commerce between the companies and consumers. • The consumer purchase physical goods but receiving a products over an electronic network.
  • 16. Consumer to Consumer • It is one type of e-commerce it encompasses all electronic transactions of goods or services conducted between consumers. • Generally these transactions are conducted through a third party which provides the online platform where the transactions are actually carried out. • Eg: e-bay
  • 17. Business to Government • It encompasses all transactions conducted through online between the companies and government. • It refers to government providing services or information , social security , employment, legal documents, registrations.
  • 18. Consumer to Government • It is also one part of e-commerce • Objective of this model is to provide goods and effective services to each citizen . • It gives information to all departments. • It provide difficult welfare schemes.
  • 19. VALUE CHAINS IN THE ECOMMERCE • A way of organizing the activities of a business so that each activity adds value or productivity to the total operation of the business. In e-commerce a number of business processes and activities go unnoticed by the consumer and are often taken for granted. Within an online merchants business value added activities work together to make the business to consumer interface operational in this section we systematically analyze a company’s value and how it make commerce on the internet a reality. • In 1985, MICHAEL PORTER wrote a book called competitive advantages in which he introduces the concept of the value chain. Business receive raw materials as input add value to them through various processes and sell the finished product as output to customer.
  • 20. THE VALUE CHAIN SHOWS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AMONG TWO ACTIVITES • PRIMARY ACTIVITIES • SUPPORT ACTIVITIES
  • 21. PRIMARY ACTIVITIES A business unit needs support activities to make sure the primary activities. • Inbound logistics • Operations • Outbound logistics • Marketing & Sales • Service
  • 22. • Inbound logistics: these are procurement activities vendor selection, comparative shopping, negotiating supply contract, and just in time arrival of goods. • Operations: this is the actual conversion of raw materials received into finished product includes fabrication, assembly, testing & packaging the product. • Outbound logistics: this activity represents the actual distributing & shipping of the final product. It involves warehousing, materials handling, shipping & timely delivery to the ultimate retailer or customer. • Marketing & Sales: this activity deals with the ultimate customer, it includes advertising, product promotion, sales management, identifying the products customer base & distribution channel. • Service: this activities focuses on after sale to the customer. It includes testing, maintenance, repair, warranty work & replacement parts.
  • 23. SUPPORT ACTIVITIES Support activities are those activities that has been used to support the primary activities. For the success implement of the primary activities supporting activities are essential. • Corporate Infrastructure • Human Resource • Technology Development • Procurement
  • 24. • Corporate Infrastructure: this activity is the backbone of the business unit. It includes general management, accounting, finance, planning and legal services. • Human Resource: this is the unique activity of matching the right people to the job. It involves recruitment, retention, career path development, compensation, training & development & benefits administration. • Technology Development: this activity adds value in the way it improve the product and the business process in the primary activities. The output of this activity contributes to the product quality, integrity, & reliability, which make life easier for the sales force and for customer relations. • Procurement: this activity focuses on the purchasing function and how well it ensure the availability of quality raw material for production.
  • 26. What is E-Commerce?  Electronic commerce is commonly known as e- commerce . It is a type of industry where buying and selling of products or services is conducted over electronic systems , such as mobile commerce , electronic fund transfer, internet marketing, online transaction processing , electronic data interchange.
  • 28. Top 10 E-Commerce in India.  Flipkart.com  Ebay.in  Snapdeal.com  Jabong.com  Myntra.com  Yebhi.com  Tradus.com  Infibeam.com  Fashion and you.com  Naaptol.com
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  • 42. Introduction of Internet : Internet was started by Robert E.Kahn and Vint Cerf. The Father of internet is Vint Cerf. Cerf is a codesigner of the TCP/IP protocols and the architecture of the internet. when internet was born ? October 29,1969 born the internet messages sent from computer to computer in different locations .January 1 1983 ARPANET adopted the standard TCP/IP protocal. Meaning of internet A global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols. Definition of internet : According to Cambridge English dictionary the internet is the large system of connected computers around the word that allows people to share information and communicate with each other . .
  • 43. Uses of internet: Information Resources : Anyone ,Anywhere can use the internet as an informative resource ,since it packet wirh so many articles about almost any topics. Education Resource : The internet can be a very handy and instant educative platform for any student from any machine with an internet connectivity . Online Magazines and Newspapers : Now-a-days you don’t really need to buy a newspaper (or) magazine due to their online availability. Online Shopping and Commerce : This Is pretty obvious too you can buy & sell online .A very big advantage of E-Commerce is that you can target a wrider audience as compared to a business which is local to a country .
  • 44. * Information ,knowledge, and learning. * Connectivity , Communication and Sharing * Address mapping and contact information * Banking bills and shopping * Selling and making money * Collaboration work from home and access to a global workforce. * Donations and funding * Entertainment Advantages of Internet
  • 45. * Bullying , trolls , stalkers and crime . * Exploitation and pornography and violent images. * Addiction , time waster , and cause distractions. * Never being able to disconnect. * Identify theft, hacking, viruses and cheating. * Spam and advertising. * Affects focus and patience. * Depression , loneliness and social isolation. * Health issue and obesity Disadvantages of Internet
  • 46. Importance of internet : 1. Inventions of new internet technologies for business 2. Internet is in role of business successor . 3. Internet marketing and advertising is most accessed part of the internet by business 4. Internet is essential tool for business do product survey and testing 5. Internet platform helping business to sell products and services online 6. Internet helping business to execute employee training and development programs 7. Internet building business and customer relationship 8. Internet speedup and making business process accurate
  • 47. Different types of internet connections *Dial –up (Analog 56 k) *DSL (digital subscriber line ) *Cable *Wireless *Satellite *Cellular
  • 48. Tools of Internet : *HTPP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol ) *FTP (File Transfer Protocol) *E – mail *Internet Relay Chat *Gopher *WWW (World Wide Web) *Telnet and SSH (Secure Shell)
  • 50. OBJECTIVES 1. Computers that support Web servers 2. Hardware requirements of typical Web server and software packages. 3. Fundamental duties of a Web server 4. Other ancillary Web server functions 5. Specific Web server software 6. Advanced Web server tools
  • 51. Web Platform Choices • Faster servers are better than slower ones • Good choice for the present, and for the future • Intranet and external traffic demands • Operating systems supported • Scalable
  • 52. WEB SERVER • A Web server is a program that uses HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) to serve the files that form Web pages to users, in response to their requests, which are forwarded by their computers' HTTP clients. • Dedicated computers and appliances may be referred to as Web servers as well.
  • 53. Web Server Software Feature Sets • Core capabilities – -Process and respond to web client requests using the HTTP Protocol. * Security * Validation of username and password *Processing certificates and key pairs * FTP - Transferring of files to or from the server
  • 54. Web Server Software Feature Sets • Searching – Searching the existing site or entire web for documents – Indexing provides full-text indexes for files stored on the server – Data Analysis - Capture visitor information - Who , how long , date& time , what pages were visited
  • 55. Web Server Software and Tools • Apache Http server • Microsoft Internet Information Server • Netscape Enterprise Server • O’Reilly Website Professional • Others
  • 56. Apache Http server • Dominates the Web in numbers, largely because it’s free • Runs on many operating systems - AIX, BSD/OS, FreeBSD, HP-UX, Irix, Linux, Microsoft NT, QNS, SCO, Solaris • Security is well thought out - Password authentication - Digital certificate authentication - Access restrictions
  • 57. Microsoft Internet Information Server • Bundled (free) with Microsoft Windows NT operating system • Robust and capable, suitable for small sites up to enterprise-class sites • Tightly integrated security with NT
  • 58. Netscape Enterprise Server • Powerful development environment • Link management • Web publishing • Agent services • Upload Web pages to host computer
  • 59. O’Reilly Website Professional • Various add-on tools • Flexible scripting • Easy installation • Good documentation
  • 60. WEB PORTALS • Web portal is a site that people use as a launching point to enter the Web. • A portal almost always includes a Web directory and search engine, but it also includes other features that help visitors find what they are looking for on the Web and thus make the Web more useful. • Most portals include features such as shopping directories, white pages and yellow pages searchable databases, free e-mail, chat rooms, file, storage services, games, and personal and group calendar tools.
  • 61. WEB PORTALS • Personal Portals • Government Web Portals • News Portals • Corporate Web Portals • Stock Portals • Search Portals • Hosted Web Portals
  • 62. WEB PORTALS PERSONAL PORTALS : A personal portal is a site on the World Wide Web that typically provides personalized capabilities to its visitors, providing a pathway to other content. GOVERNMENT WEB PORTALS: At the end of the dot-com boom in the 1990s, many governments had already committed to creating portal sites for their citizens. Eg- australia.gov.au for Australia
  • 63. WEB PORTALS NEWS PORTALS: The traditional media rooms all around the world are fast adapting to the new age technologies. This marks the beginning of news portals by media houses across the globe. STOCK PORTALS: Stock market portals or stock exchange portals are Web-based applications that facilitates the process of informing the share-holders with substantial online data such as the latest price, ask/bids, the latest News, reports and announcements.
  • 64. WEB PORTALS CORPORATE WEB PORTALS Many companies began to offer tools to help webmasters manage their data, applications and information more easily, and through personalized views. Portal solutions can also include workflow management, collaboration between work groups, and policy-managed content publication.
  • 65. WEB PORTALS SEARCH PORTALS Search portals aggregate results from several search engines into one page. HOSTED WEB PORTALS The hosted portal market fundamentally changed the composition of portals. they served simply as a tool for publishing information instead of the loftier goals of integrating legacy applications or presenting correlated data from distributed databases
  • 66. SEARCH ENGINES • A special kind of Web page software that finds other Web pages that match a word or phrase the user enters • Contains three major parts: 1. Spider, crawler, or bot – searches the Web 2. Index – catalogs what is found 3. Search engine utility – provides search results
  • 67. INTELLIGENT AGENTS • An intelligent agent (IA) is an autonomous entity which observes and acts upon an environment. • Intelligent agents may also learn or use knowledge to achieve their goals. • Intelligent agents are often described schematically as an abstract functional system similar to a computer program. • Intelligent agents are software applications that have a predefined knowledge base and/or learning system about their user's goals and wishes and, through adaptive reasoning, use this information to execute their user's request.
  • 68. E-COMMERCE SOFTWARE • Businesses on the Internet can face challenges when trying to exchange information with each other— information such as invoices and inventory tracking information—using XML. • With XML and webMethods software, a manufacturing company’s order can be translated into a Web page that both the manufacturer’s software and the Web • server can understand.
  • 69. WEB HOSTING The most important factors to evaluate when selecting a hosting service include: ● Functionality ● Reliability ● Bandwidth and server scalability ● Security ● Backup and disaster recovery ● Cost
  • 71. COST ANALYSIS • A key part of creating a business plan for electronic commerce initiatives is the process of identifying potential benefits, identifying the costs required to generate those benefits, and evaluating whether the benefits exceed the costs. • Companies should evaluate each element of their electronic commerce strategies using this cost/benefit approach.
  • 72. Electronic Data Interchange [EDI] • It enables the firms to exchange business information faster, more cheaply and accurately than possible using paper based documents. • The whole point of EDI is to enable your company to communicate with other applications that are always on the distal end of some long distance link and always “black boxes” from the viewpoint of your own network and applications. • It is a standard for the electronic exchange of business documents, such as invoices and purchase orders. • Edi consists of standardized electronic message formats for common business documents such as purchase order, request for quotation, bills of lading, invoice and similar documents.
  • 73. Benefits of EDI • Lower Processing cost : The cost of the processing EDI documents is much lower than processing paper documents. • Improves the overall quality of data : Improvements in overall quality can be achieved through better record keeping, fewer errors in data, reduced processing time and less reliance on human interpretation • Helps to reduce inventory level: Inventory level can be reduced.EDI permits faster and accurate filling and exchange of orders which helps to reduce the unwanted level of inventoty • Data is entered only at the source : Transfer of information from computer to computer is automatic and there is no need of feeding data frequently. Helps to manage information system effectively and efficiently. • Customer relations can be improved : Customer relations are improved through better quality and speed of services.Business relations with trading partners can also be improved .
  • 74. Working of EDI • 1. Preparation of electronic documents The first step in the sequence of EDI is the collection of information and data. The way to collect the required information should be same as the way to do it in the traditional system. However, instead of printing out the data on paper in tradition, the system has to build an electronic file or database to store those data. In the case of companies who already use computer to issue their documents like purchase orders, they may already have some sort of databases which store those information, then they fan start with the next step described below.
  • 75. • Outbound translation The next step is to translate the electronic file or database in to a standard format according to the specification of the corresponding document. The resulting data file should contain a series of structured transactions related to the purchase order for example. If more than one company is involved in the particular transaction, individual files should be produced for each of them. * Communication Then the computer should connect and transmit those data files to the pre arranged Value Added Network [VAN} automatically. The VAN should then process each file and route the appropriate electronic mailboxes according to the destination set in the file. * Inbound translation The designated company should be able to retrieve the file from their electronic mailboxes in a constant period, and then reverse the process by translating the file from the standard format into the specific format required by the company’s application software.
  • 76. Drawbacks • .High cost: One of the severe criticisms levelled against EDI is its high cost. EDI applications are costly to develop and operate • 2.Limited accessibility: EDI applications do not allow consumers to communicate and transact with the suppliers in an easy and a direct way,as Networking facilities require certain software to access and communicate forms through EDI • Rigid requirements: EDI applications require highly structured protocols,software etc for information interchange.EDI insists up on transactingparties to follow rigid agreements about the structure and meaning of data. These agreements are time consumingto negotiate,rigid and difficult to maintain. • .Partial solutions: EDI applications suggest only partial solutions to organisation in their transacting process.Complete automationof transacting process is difficult to materialise in the constantly changing business environment.There will be time gap between placing order for products and the final settlement of bills.This may lead to discrepancies between transactions. • closed world: The scope of EDI application is very limited.The concept of closed world is outdated consequent on the popularity of WWW makes it easier for organisations to enter into open web related market place.
  • 77. Components on Electronic data Interchange
  • 78. • Standard document format :- a standard format agreed upon by both partices which do not require complicated hardware or software to access information. Both parties communicate direactly through a business application. • Translator and mapper:- a translator is used to convert the raw data into meaningful information according to specifications provided by a mapper. A mapper is used to create conversion specification. It compiles the specification and then gives instructions to the translator on how to convert the date.
  • 79. • Communication software:- a communication software is used to transmit data and convert business documents into a standard format. It follows a standard communication protocol which is incorporated in the software. • Trade agreement:- a legally binding trade agreement between you and your trading partner.
  • 80. • Communication network:- a communication network provides a direct link between trading partners who are will to exchange business documents through electronic data interchange. • Modem:-it is a hardware device that transmits data from one computer to another. • Van:-stands for value added network a network that connect the computer system of one organization to another. • Point to point link:-a direct communication link between two computer. Some trading partners affer a direct connection to their edi computer.trading partners may optimize for this method of communication instead of using a van.