Thermoset alkid resin_

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Thermoset alkid resin_

  1. 1. VIVATHANAPHANVIVATHANAPHAN PHOLKHACHAPHOLKHACHA Present Fundamental Knowledge of Alkyd Resin (new version)
  2. 2. COATING RESIN’SCOATING RESIN’S PRODUCTPRODUCT 1)ALKYD RESIN1)ALKYD RESIN 2)ACRYLIC RESIN2)ACRYLIC RESIN 3)AMINO RESIN3)AMINO RESIN 4)POLYURETHANE4)POLYURETHANE RESINRESIN 5)POLYAMIDE RESIN5)POLYAMIDE RESIN 6)EPOXY ESTER RESIN6)EPOXY ESTER RESIN 7)OIL VARNISH7)OIL VARNISH 8)OTHERS8)OTHERS
  3. 3. ALCIDALCID ALCOHOLALCOHOL ACIDACID ALKYDALKYDALKYDALKYD
  4. 4. ALKYD RESINALKYD RESIN ( COATING RESIN )( COATING RESIN ) 1) SATURATED POLYESTER RESIN 2) SATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIED RESIN
  5. 5. SATURATED POLYESTERSATURATED POLYESTER RESINRESIN (OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN)(OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN) Polyhydric alcohol or Monohydric alcohol + Polybasic acid or Monobasic acid or Polybasic anhydride ESTERIFICATIO N
  6. 6. POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOLPOLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL Polyhydric alcohol : Alcohol that have two or more than two functional group (OH group). They were called as polyol or Glycol .
  7. 7. TRIMETHYLOL PROPANETRIMETHYLOL PROPANE - Good weathering resistance - Good compatibility - Good pigment dispersability - High price
  8. 8. TRIMETHYLOL ETHANETRIMETHYLOL ETHANE - Good chemical resistance - High hardness - High price - Poor flexibility
  9. 9. NEOPENTYL GLYCOLNEOPENTYL GLYCOL - Good weathering resistance - Good heat resistance - Good solubility - High price
  10. 10. ETHYLENE GLYCOLETHYLENE GLYCOL - Low cost - Good flexibility - Poor hardness - Poor weathering resistance
  11. 11. 1,6 HEXANEDIOL1,6 HEXANEDIOL -Good solubility -Good flexibility -Poor hardness - High price HOCH2(CH2)4CH2OH
  12. 12. HYDROGENATEDHYDROGENATED BISPHENOL ABISPHENOL A - High hardness - Good weathering resistance - High price
  13. 13. GLYCERINEGLYCERINE - Good workability - Good compatibility - Good pigment dispersability - Good adhesion
  14. 14. PENTAERYTHRITOLPENTAERYTHRITOL -High hardness. -Good drying property -High MW -Poor flexibility -Poor solubility
  15. 15. MONOHYDRIC ALCOHOLMONOHYDRIC ALCOHOL Monohydric alcohol : alcohol that have only one OH group.
  16. 16. 2-ETHYL HEXANOL2-ETHYL HEXANOL - Good flexibility - Low boiling point - Poor hardness
  17. 17. POLYBASIC ACIDPOLYBASIC ACID Polybasic acid : Polybasic acid are acid that have Two or more than two functional group (COOH group)
  18. 18. ISOPHTHALIC ACIDISOPHTHALIC ACID - Good weathering resistance. - Good heat resistance - Poor flexibility - Poor solubility
  19. 19. TEREPHTHALIC ACIDTEREPHTHALIC ACID - Good chemical resistance - Good water resistance - Poor workability
  20. 20. ADIPIC ACIDADIPIC ACID -Good flexibility -Good adhesion -Good solubility -Poor hardness -Poor weathering resistance
  21. 21. FUMARIC ACIDFUMARIC ACID - Good flexibility - Good solubility - Poor weathering resistance - Poor hardness
  22. 22. MONOBASIC ACIDMONOBASIC ACID Monobasic acid : acid that have only one functional group (COOH group).
  23. 23. BENZOIC ACIDBENZOIC ACID - Improve Hardness - Improve stability - Good solubility - Poor flexibility
  24. 24. PTB-BENZOIC ACIDPTB-BENZOIC ACID - Improve hardness - Improve gloss - Good solubility - Poor flexibility - High price
  25. 25. GUM ROSINGUM ROSIN - Improve hardness - Improve gloss - Poor flexibility - Poor weathering resistance - Dark color C-H CH3 CH3CH3 CH3COOH
  26. 26. POLYBASIC ANHYDRIDEPOLYBASIC ANHYDRIDE Polybasic anhydride:Polybasic acid which were dehydrated (loss water).
  27. 27. PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDEPHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE - Low price - Good workability - Poor flexibility - Poor weathering resistance
  28. 28. MALEIC ANHYDRIDEMALEIC ANHYDRIDE - Increase VIS. - Long drying property
  29. 29. HEXAHYDROPHTHALICHEXAHYDROPHTHALIC ANHYDRIDEANHYDRIDE -Light color -Good adhesion -Good weathering resistance - Poor workability - High price
  30. 30. TRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDETRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDE -High hardness -Good drying property -Poor stability -High price
  31. 31. REACTION FLOW CHARTREACTION FLOW CHART Polyhydric alcohol + Polybasic acid Heat&catalyst Polyester resin + H2O(loss) Solvent Resin solution Esterification reaction
  32. 32. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM ESTER BOND ESTER A TMP IPA
  33. 33. ESTER A ESTER A POLYESTER B POLYESTER C POLYESTER D IPA TMP
  34. 34. RELATION OF VIS. & TIMERELATION OF VIS. & TIME
  35. 35. RELATION OF Mw & TIMERELATION OF Mw & TIME
  36. 36. RELATION OF AN & TIMERELATION OF AN & TIME
  37. 37. RELATION OF OHv & TIMERELATION OF OHv & TIME
  38. 38. RELATION OF AN & VIS.RELATION OF AN & VIS.
  39. 39. MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING PROCESSPROCESS 1.Fusion process 2.Solvent process
  40. 40. MACHINE AND EQUIPMENTMACHINE AND EQUIPMENT DECANTER TOWER REACTION KETTLE THINNING TANK CONDENSER AGITATOR AGITATOR FILTER & PACKING
  41. 41. FUSION PROCESSFUSION PROCESS Tower(opened)
  42. 42. FUSION PROCESSFUSION PROCESS
  43. 43. SOLVENT PROCESSSOLVENT PROCESS
  44. 44. SOLVENT PROCESSSOLVENT PROCESS
  45. 45. RELATION OF VIS. & TIMERELATION OF VIS. & TIME Fusion process Solvent process
  46. 46. RELATION OF AN & TIMERELATION OF AN & TIME Fusion process Solvent process
  47. 47. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE M-6003-60 -ACRYDIC M-44-144-64X -BURNOCK AL-156-70B -FINEDIC M-8861 -FINECLADE M- -LONCIZER P-29 ETC.
  48. 48. ALKYD RESINALKYD RESIN ( COATING RESIN )( COATING RESIN ) 1) SATURATED POLYESTER RESIN 2) SATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIED RESIN
  49. 49. SATURATED POLYESTERSATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIEDMODIFIED RESINRESIN saturated polyester resin + - Oil or FA - Phenolic resin - Isocyanate compound - Placcel M - Amino resin - Epoxy modifier/resin - SM Etc.
  50. 50. LONG OIL ALKYD RESIN Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin + Oil or FA (%Oil/FA>60 %)
  51. 51. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA (%Oil/FA=40-60 %)(%Oil/FA=40-60 %) MEDIUM OIL ALKYD RESIN
  52. 52. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA (%Oil/FA<40 %)(%Oil/FA<40 %) SHORT OIL ALKYD RESIN
  53. 53. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Phenolic resinPhenolic resin PHENOLIC MODIFIED ALKYD RESIN
  54. 54. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Amino resinAmino resin ACID CURING AMINO- ALKYD RESIN
  55. 55. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Isocyanate compoundIsocyanate compound OIL MODIFIED POLYURETHANE RESIN
  56. 56. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Isocyanate compoundIsocyanate compound MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
  57. 57. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Amino resinAmino resin MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
  58. 58. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Epoxy modifier/resinEpoxy modifier/resin MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
  59. 59. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ PIaccel-MPIaccel-M MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
  60. 60. Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil / FAOil / FA ++ SMSM STYRENE MODIFIED ALKYD RESIN
  61. 61. OIL/FA MODIFICATIONOIL/FA MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - Improve flexibility - Improve drying property - Improve pigment dispersion Demerit of modifying - Low hardness - Poor weathering resistance - Dark color
  62. 62. RELATION OF OIL & FARELATION OF OIL & FA Glycerol FA Oil (Triglyceride)
  63. 63. TUNG OILTUNG OIL Merit -Good drying property -Good hardness -Good chemical resistance -Good corrosion resistance Demerit -Shrinking property
  64. 64. LINSEED OILLINSEED OIL Merit - Good drying property - High gloss - Good gloss retention Demerit - Poor color retention
  65. 65. DEHYDRATED CASTOR OILDEHYDRATED CASTOR OIL Merit - Good drying property - High hardness - Good gloss retention - Good chemical resistance Demerit - High price
  66. 66. SAFFLOWER OILSAFFLOWER OIL Merit - Good drying property - High gloss - Good color retention Demerit - High price
  67. 67. SOYA BEAN OILSOYA BEAN OIL Merit - Moderate drying property - Moderate gloss - Moderate color retention Demerit - Low price - Poor heat resistance
  68. 68. CASTOR OILCASTOR OIL Merit - Good adhesion - Good color - Good color retention Demerit - High price
  69. 69. COCONUT OILCOCONUT OIL Merit -Good weathering resistance -Good color -Good color retention Demerit - Poor adhesion -Poor hardness
  70. 70. OIL MODIFYING METHODOIL MODIFYING METHOD 1)MONOGLYCERIDE PROCESS 2)CHARGE ONE STEP PROCESS (COP)
  71. 71. MONOGLYCERIDE PROCESSMONOGLYCERIDE PROCESS OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS SOLVENT RK-side 200-250 C220-250 C
  72. 72. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1ST STEP REACTION 1SOYBEAN OIL 1GLYCERINE 1MONOGLYCERIDE 1DIGLYCERIDE Transesterification reaction Transesterification reaction
  73. 73. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1GLYCERINE 2 MONOGLYCERIDE1DIGLYCERIDE 2nd STEP REACTION
  74. 74. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1SOYBEAN OIL 1PE MONOGLYCERIDE DiGLYCERIDE
  75. 75. COP PROCESSCOP PROCESS OIL + POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+ OTHERS Pressure 6.5 Kg/cm2 240 C FUSION PROCESS 0r SOLVENT PROCESS
  76. 76. RELATION OF OIL & FARELATION OF OIL & FA Glycerol FA Oil (Triglyceride)
  77. 77. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM Soybean Oil Monoglyceride Fatty acid Pressure
  78. 78. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM Soybean Oil glycerine Fatty acid Pressure
  79. 79. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOSOL ES-6501-70-HV -BECKOSOL ES-5003-60 -BECKOSOL 1307-60 -ACRYDIC 5-869-M -STYRESOL M-420 ETC.
  80. 80. PHENOLIC RESINPHENOLIC RESIN MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - Improve water resistance - Improve alkali resistance - Improve drying property Demerit of modifying - Dark color - High price
  81. 81. MODIFYING METHODMODIFYING METHOD OIL + POLYOL + LiOH + GUM ROSIN ACID/ANHYDRIDE/PHENOLIC RESIN/OTHERS 240 C
  82. 82. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM T-Butyl Polyester resin Phenolic resin T-Butyl Phenolic modified alkyd resin
  83. 83. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOSOL SD-20-65 -BECKOSOL SD-29-65 -BECKOSOL E-230-AE -BECKOSOL AL-576-IM -BECKOSOL AL-505-S ETC.
  84. 84. TDI MODIFICATIONTDI MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve abrasive resistance -Improve water resistance Demerit of modifying -High price -High Toxicity
  85. 85. TDI MODIFYING METHODTDI MODIFYING METHOD OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS SOLVENT+TDI+ DBTDL 80-100 C 200-250 C RK-side TT-side
  86. 86. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM TDI-80Polyester resin
  87. 87. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BURNOCK UL-65 -BECKOSOL ES-5101-60 -BECKOLITE M-6301-45-IM ETC.
  88. 88. PLACCEL-MPLACCEL-M MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve flexibility Demerit of modofying -High cost
  89. 89. METHOD FOR MODIFYINGMETHOD FOR MODIFYING PLACCEL-M
  90. 90. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM POLYESTER RESIN PLACCEL M
  91. 91. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -PRS-1015
  92. 92. EPOXY MODIFICATIONEPOXY MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve chemical resistance Demerit of modifying -High price
  93. 93. EPOXY MODIFYINGEPOXY MODIFYING METHODMETHOD POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+OTHERS SOLVENT+EPOXY 2MIZ 100-140C 200-260 C RK-side TT-side
  94. 94. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN POLYESTER RESIN EPOXY RESIN
  95. 95. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE VF-1079 -BECKOLITE 54-382-50 -BECKOLITE M-6206-40 ETC.
  96. 96. SM MODIFICATIONSM MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - lighter in color - Improve chemical resistance - Improve water resistance - Improve alkali resistance Demerit of modifying - Increase price
  97. 97. SM MODIFYING METHODSM MODIFYING METHOD SOLVENT+SM 100-140 C OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS 200-250 C RK-side TT-side CatP
  98. 98. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM SMPOLYESTER RESIN
  99. 99. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -STYRESOL 4250-50 -STYRESOL J-700
  100. 100. AMINO RESINAMINO RESIN MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -For acid curing system -Improve hardness -Improve water resistance -Improve alkali resistance Demerit of modifying -Increase price&smell
  101. 101. AMINO RESIN MODIFYINGAMINO RESIN MODIFYING METHODMETHOD POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+OTHERS SOLVENT+AMINO RESIN 80-120C 200-260 C RK-side TT-side
  102. 102. REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM AMINO RESIN POLYESTER RESIN
  103. 103. SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE M-6401-50S -BECKOLITE FF-630-T -BECKOSOL AC-5 ETC.

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