Peeking over the horizon Technology’s mark on higher education’s future
Today’s Weather Report
Technology and  The Changed Environment <ul><li>The higher education enterprise seems simultaneously threatened and creati...
 
OMG! Morgan Pozgar will CUNS in four short years! She’s FTASB, and @TEOTD will change higher education
College Choice:  Applications Increase
CIRP Freshman Survey Trends <ul><li>2006 – 67.3% attending  first choice </li></ul><ul><li>1976 (77.3%) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Technology <ul><li>Use a personal computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23.5% in 1985 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>85.8% in 2005 </...
Technology Frequent Use of the Internet for Homework as High-School Senior
The history of computers is actually quite simple.  In the beginning there were no computers. Then there were computers. A...
 
 
 
Characteristics of  Advanced Technologies <ul><li>Invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive </li>...
Opportunities Created by Technology <ul><li>Enhancing communication </li></ul><ul><li>Redefining presence </li></ul><ul><l...
The BIG Technology Threat
The BIG Technology Threat <ul><li>If you don’t like change you are going to like irrelevance even less </li></ul>General E...
Moving Forward  as a Field of Practice <ul><li>What’s our evidence base? </li></ul><ul><li>Using IT to create and leverage...
Potential Campus Partners <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Learning support staff </li></ul><u...
Single Most Important IT Issue Facing  My Institution Over the Next 2-3 Years <ul><li>Select your response from below </li...
Single Most Important IT Issue Source:  The Campus Computing Project www.campuscomputign.net
From context to projects <ul><li>Student and administrative response to Facebook at Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Capturing c...
Division of Student Affairs efforts <ul><li>Facebook Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Support of thesis research </li></ul><ul>...
Presentation overview <ul><li>Fast facts on Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and concerns regarding Facebook </li></ul>...
Facebook facts <ul><li>Launched on 4 February 2004 by a Harvard undergraduate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now headquartered in P...
Time UM students spend on Facebook <ul><li>CIRP 2007 (UM entering undergraduate students) </li></ul><ul><li>54.2% estimate...
Sorting information from hype
Reframing the question <ul><li>Facebook has become a powerful tool </li></ul><ul><li>Two possible directions to explore ar...
Identity development: Traditional theories <ul><li>Arthur Chickering - Seven Vectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on coll...
Identity development: New theories <ul><li>“ Emerging Adulthood” term coined by Jeffrey Arnett.  </li></ul><ul><li>A devel...
Identity development: New theories <ul><li>“ Electronic Tether” term coined by Nancy Fullman </li></ul><ul><li>Describes c...
Benefits and concerns
Division of Student Affairs survey <ul><li>Web and PDA surveys in March/April 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Web survey </li></ul>...
Which Facebook privacy features  do you know about?   DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Results
How often do you use privacy features?   DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Results
Which of these have happened to you  as a result of your Facebook experience?   DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Results
Have you ever joined a group and then left  based on re-thinking its appropriateness?  DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Resu...
In what ways have you modified profile  in last 6 months?   DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Results
In what ways do you use Facebook?
<ul><li>Event planning </li></ul><ul><li>Group meetings and projects </li></ul><ul><li>Class assignments </li></ul><ul><li...
Do you believe who you are  is reflected in your profile?   DSA Facebook Survey  - Initial Results
<ul><li>Facebook is not intended to be taken seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Representing oneself in any type of profile is a ...
Capturing college teaching
 
Our true feelings about lecture
What is a lecture? <ul><li>A threat, a warning, or an apology </li></ul><ul><li>An honor </li></ul><ul><li>A good way of t...
The basic lecture model Lecturer Audience
Media archives create  opportunity to reconsider  when and where learning takes place … <ul><li>…in </li></ul>Class Time S...
… and they  also unbundle… <ul><li>First Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>to Concepts </li></ul>Faculty- Student Feedback Learni...
Early lecture capture technology
Advanced lecture capture Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Tracking Camera
Video capture stalk
Stalking the Wild Lecturer Camera stalk Lecturer (visible) Chalkboard  capture Infrared tracking Visible Infrared
An MScribe Lecture Captures video of speaker instead of disembodied voice High-resolution slides preserve details Synchron...
Survey findings Use MScribe? Yes – 58% No – 42% MScribe access method? Web 78% iTunesU/iPod 15% Both 7% Why not? I get wha...
Which students use MScribe? <ul><li>Students whose learning styles are “perfectly aligned” with faculty expectations </li>...
Changes in learning activities  attributed to MScribe usage Substantial increases in time Studying for exams Reviewing lec...
Faculty workflow possibilities Traditional Archived 2007 Prepare lecture Teach class (Give lecture) Good class? 2008 Prepa...
Other faculty affordances <ul><li>Complete teaching record  </li></ul><ul><li>Research archive </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty d...
Future project goals <ul><li>Expanding scope of capture activities </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced recording and indexing techn...
Creating Opportunities <ul><li>New expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Mashup and remix culture </li></ul><ul><li>Establish new...
Closing Thought <ul><li>A year from now you may wish you had started today </li></ul>Karen Lamb
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080117 Peeking Over The Horizon

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  • 080117 Peeking Over The Horizon

    1. 1. Peeking over the horizon Technology’s mark on higher education’s future
    2. 2. Today’s Weather Report
    3. 3. Technology and The Changed Environment <ul><li>The higher education enterprise seems simultaneously threatened and creatively enabled by technology </li></ul><ul><li>The personal and professional lives of students, staff, and faculty are inescapably changed by technology regardless of any effects on the enterprise </li></ul>
    4. 5. OMG! Morgan Pozgar will CUNS in four short years! She’s FTASB, and @TEOTD will change higher education
    5. 6. College Choice: Applications Increase
    6. 7. CIRP Freshman Survey Trends <ul><li>2006 – 67.3% attending first choice </li></ul><ul><li>1976 (77.3%) </li></ul><ul><li>1986 (70.7%) </li></ul><ul><li>1996 (71.5%) </li></ul>
    7. 8. Technology <ul><li>Use a personal computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23.5% in 1985 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>85.8% in 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used Internet for homework </li></ul>
    8. 9. Technology Frequent Use of the Internet for Homework as High-School Senior
    9. 10. The history of computers is actually quite simple. In the beginning there were no computers. Then there were computers. And then there were none again. Between the second and the third stage, they simply disappeared. They didn't go away completely. First they faded into the background. Then they actually merged with the background.
    10. 14. Characteristics of Advanced Technologies <ul><li>Invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Pervasive </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive </li></ul>
    11. 15. Opportunities Created by Technology <ul><li>Enhancing communication </li></ul><ul><li>Redefining presence </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting more directly with clients </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging existing activities </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing bureaucratic friction </li></ul><ul><li>Developing data, knowledge, and wisdom </li></ul>
    12. 16. The BIG Technology Threat
    13. 17. The BIG Technology Threat <ul><li>If you don’t like change you are going to like irrelevance even less </li></ul>General Eric Shinseki U.S. Army Chief of Staff, Retired
    14. 18. Moving Forward as a Field of Practice <ul><li>What’s our evidence base? </li></ul><ul><li>Using IT to create and leverage data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examining digital footprints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorizing snapshots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional data collections </li></ul></ul>
    15. 19. Potential Campus Partners <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Learning support staff </li></ul><ul><li>IT support staff What’s on the minds of IT directors? How can we connect? </li></ul>
    16. 20. Single Most Important IT Issue Facing My Institution Over the Next 2-3 Years <ul><li>Select your response from below </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing adequate user support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping faculty integrate IT into instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financing the replacement of hardware/software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing student portal services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network and data security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrading/replacing admin IT/ERP systems </li></ul></ul>
    17. 21. Single Most Important IT Issue Source: The Campus Computing Project www.campuscomputign.net
    18. 22. From context to projects <ul><li>Student and administrative response to Facebook at Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Capturing college teaching </li></ul>
    19. 23. Division of Student Affairs efforts <ul><li>Facebook Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Support of thesis research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fullman, N. (2007). “Parents on Speed Dial: The Psychological Implications of Frequent Student-Parent Communication in Emerging Adulthood.” Middlebury College </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More studies will appear in the coming years as researchers dive into this array of student information. </li></ul>
    20. 24. Presentation overview <ul><li>Fast facts on Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and concerns regarding Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical implications </li></ul><ul><li>Survey results </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion and questions </li></ul>
    21. 25. Facebook facts <ul><li>Launched on 4 February 2004 by a Harvard undergraduate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now headquartered in Palo Alto, CA. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Site is free to users and is financed by advertising </li></ul><ul><li>59 million registered users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average of 3% weekly growth since January 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fastest growing demographic: People aged 25 and older. </li></ul><ul><li>14 million photos uploaded daily </li></ul><ul><li>Average user signs on 6 times daily; about 20 minutes per day </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook “Statistics” page, 3 January 2008 </li></ul>
    22. 26. Time UM students spend on Facebook <ul><li>CIRP 2007 (UM entering undergraduate students) </li></ul><ul><li>54.2% estimated spending 1-5 hours per week on social networks such as myspace.com and Facebook. </li></ul><ul><li>Another 12.8% estimated spending 6 or more hours per week on these networks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is slightly less time than their peers spend nationally </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only one third (33.2%) report reading internet blogs “frequently” or “occasionally.” </li></ul>
    23. 27. Sorting information from hype
    24. 28. Reframing the question <ul><li>Facebook has become a powerful tool </li></ul><ul><li>Two possible directions to explore are community and identity development </li></ul>
    25. 29. Identity development: Traditional theories <ul><li>Arthur Chickering - Seven Vectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on college student development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>• Developing Autonomy - disengage from parents. Reliance on peers or other reference group </li></ul><ul><li>• Establishing Identity - refers to the person a student feels he/she is </li></ul>
    26. 30. Identity development: New theories <ul><li>“ Emerging Adulthood” term coined by Jeffrey Arnett. </li></ul><ul><li>A developmental phase between ages 18 and 35 when people assume adult responsibilities more gradually than previous generations. </li></ul>
    27. 31. Identity development: New theories <ul><li>“ Electronic Tether” term coined by Nancy Fullman </li></ul><ul><li>Describes connection students and parents maintain through cell phones, IM, and other cheap and convenient communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends “Emerging Adulthood” to describe the role technology plays in extending relationships with home instead of creating independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Delays development of Chickering’s “Autonomy” vector. </li></ul>
    28. 32. Benefits and concerns
    29. 33. Division of Student Affairs survey <ul><li>Web and PDA surveys in March/April 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Web survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent to student groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual marketing approach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PDA survey in public spaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ben and Jerry’s line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residence halls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A total of 1339 respondents </li></ul>
    30. 34. Which Facebook privacy features do you know about? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    31. 35. How often do you use privacy features? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    32. 36. Which of these have happened to you as a result of your Facebook experience? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    33. 37. Have you ever joined a group and then left based on re-thinking its appropriateness? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    34. 38. In what ways have you modified profile in last 6 months? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    35. 39. In what ways do you use Facebook?
    36. 40. <ul><li>Event planning </li></ul><ul><li>Group meetings and projects </li></ul><ul><li>Class assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Finding people from class </li></ul><ul><li>54.60% </li></ul><ul><li>30.49% </li></ul><ul><li>22.69% </li></ul><ul><li>17.02% </li></ul>In what ways do you use Facebook? ( “ Other ” responses) DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    37. 41. Do you believe who you are is reflected in your profile? DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    38. 42. <ul><li>Facebook is not intended to be taken seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Representing oneself in any type of profile is a difficult thing to do </li></ul><ul><li>My profile has only minimal information </li></ul><ul><li>The format of Facebook only allows for a partial representation of myself </li></ul><ul><li>16.71% </li></ul><ul><li>14.50% </li></ul><ul><li>12.29% </li></ul><ul><li>11.30% </li></ul>Do you believe who you are is reflected in your profile? (Why not?) DSA Facebook Survey - Initial Results
    39. 43. Capturing college teaching
    40. 45. Our true feelings about lecture
    41. 46. What is a lecture? <ul><li>A threat, a warning, or an apology </li></ul><ul><li>An honor </li></ul><ul><li>A good way of transmitting information </li></ul><ul><li>Not so good for cultivating deep thought, affecting attitudes, teaching skills for social interaction </li></ul>
    42. 47. The basic lecture model Lecturer Audience
    43. 48. Media archives create opportunity to reconsider when and where learning takes place … <ul><li>…in </li></ul>Class Time Student Time Teacher- Student Time Adapted from Walvoord and Bass
    44. 49. … and they also unbundle… <ul><li>First Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>to Concepts </li></ul>Faculty- Student Feedback Learning, Processing Are concepts introduced in a social space, with time for questioning, or in a one-way setting? When and where do students do most of their processing of material? When do students get crucial feedback: during or after learning?
    45. 50. Early lecture capture technology
    46. 51. Advanced lecture capture Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Tracking Camera
    47. 52. Video capture stalk
    48. 53. Stalking the Wild Lecturer Camera stalk Lecturer (visible) Chalkboard capture Infrared tracking Visible Infrared
    49. 54. An MScribe Lecture Captures video of speaker instead of disembodied voice High-resolution slides preserve details Synchronized chalkboard images available Slide preview takes you to any point in the lecture
    50. 55. Survey findings Use MScribe? Yes – 58% No – 42% MScribe access method? Web 78% iTunesU/iPod 15% Both 7% Why not? I get what I want from class already 67% I tried but couldn't 26% They weren't posted when needed 16% It's difficult to find needed content 13%
    51. 56. Which students use MScribe? <ul><li>Students whose learning styles are “perfectly aligned” with faculty expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Students for whom English is not their first language </li></ul><ul><li>Students who believe their class performance ranks in the middle; those at the top and bottom of the performance range are less likely to use MScribe </li></ul>
    52. 57. Changes in learning activities attributed to MScribe usage Substantial increases in time Studying for exams Reviewing lecture notes Modest increases in time spent Taking notes Reading/preparing for class Writing papers/projects Asking questions Modest decreases in Lecture attendance Changes in student performance ?
    53. 58. Faculty workflow possibilities Traditional Archived 2007 Prepare lecture Teach class (Give lecture) Good class? 2008 Prepare lecture Teach class (Give lecture) Good class? Teach, review recording, and assess performance Adjust approach Prepare lecture Assign recorded lecture Teach, review recording, and assess performance Adjust approach
    54. 59. Other faculty affordances <ul><li>Complete teaching record </li></ul><ul><li>Research archive </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty development tool </li></ul><ul><li>Enables easy creation of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable student resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open educational resources </li></ul></ul>
    55. 60. Future project goals <ul><li>Expanding scope of capture activities </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced recording and indexing technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding impact on students </li></ul><ul><li>Research to improve teaching practice and learning outcomes </li></ul>
    56. 61. Creating Opportunities <ul><li>New expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Mashup and remix culture </li></ul><ul><li>Establish new partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>See the invisible </li></ul><ul><li>See the possibilities </li></ul>
    57. 62. Closing Thought <ul><li>A year from now you may wish you had started today </li></ul>Karen Lamb

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