Proposed Semantic Web Technologies for EPA Pilot: Building a ...

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Proposed Semantic Web Technologies for EPA Pilot: Building a ...

  1. 1. Proposed Semantic Web Technologies for EPA Pilot: Building a Knowledge-Centric Organization Briefing for the EPA Enterprise Architecture Team and Portfolio Managers August 28, 2003, 2-3 p.m.
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>A recent GAO study concluded that 85% of Enterprise Architecture work is “shelfware” that needs to be made “actionable”. </li></ul><ul><li>The CIO Council’s (CIOC) XML Web Services Working Group does pilot projects to assist the CIOC’s Architecture and Infrastructure Committee, the eGov Initiatives and Lines of Business, and agencies with “operationalizing” the Federal Enterprise Architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>The EPA CIO’s staff requested assistance with an integrated pilot for the “next big thing” beyond the Exchange Network, namely Semantic Web Services. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enterprise Architecture Team and Portfolio Managers requested a briefing and discussion of the relationship/impact on their planning for the Target Architecture (see next two slides). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Uniting EPA’s Architecture <ul><li>Office of Environmental Information Delivers Central Services (see next slide): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Central Services – FY 2003: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Central Data Exchange, Geospatial, and System of Registries (e.g. FRS, SRS, etc.). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proof of Concept – FY 2004: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Data Dictionaries, Portal, Identity Management, Framework for Business Warehouses, Analytical Tools (e.g. Business Objects, SAS, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully Functional Central Services – FY 2005: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restructure Operational Systems (e.g. establish specialty portals, apply data standards and metadata to organize the data, use technology standards and common practices for system development, etc.). </li></ul></ul></ul>John Sullivan, EPA Enterprise Architecture and Sequencing Plan, August 7, 2003
  4. 4. Uniting EPA’s Architecture Portal (CDX) ID Mgt. Access Control System of Access and Decision Tools Program/Regional ODSs Modernized for Integration EPA Central Services Business Warehouse Framework (with multiple warehouses) Integrated by Web Services with a Data Registries
  5. 5. Overview <ul><li>1. History </li></ul><ul><li>2. Upcoming Events </li></ul><ul><li>3. Future Briefing Items </li></ul><ul><li>4. Discussion </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1. History <ul><li>Summer 2001- present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XML Web Services Training and Pilots for EPA Program Offices, Webmasters, Regions (3, 5, and 7), Central Data Exchange, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://web-services.gov/xmlpilot.htm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Summer 2002-present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Member of the Exchange Network’s Technical Resources Group (TRG). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://web-services.gov/xmlpilot.htm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://web-services.gov/ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1. History (continued) <ul><li>March 20, 2002: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XML Web Services Repository/Distributed Content Network and VoiceXML: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The CIO Council Showcase of Excellence, Special Innovation Award, Presented to the Environmental Protection Agency, Natural Language Interface to Web Content, By the Federal Leadership Council (Mark Forman and the Quad Council), In Association with Post Newsweek Tech Media/FOSE, Washington, DC. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark Forman and Kim Nelson asked me to become an XML Web Services “Evangelist” to the Federal Government and EPA. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This led to being asked to lead the CIO Council’s XML Web Services Working Group and becoming a member of the CIO Council’s Architecture and Infrastructure Committee. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 1. History (continued) <ul><li>October 2002 - present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chair, CIO Council’s XML Web Services Working Group: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://web-services.gov/ and http://www.sdi.gov </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working Group Chair Recognized with Emerging Technology/Standards Leadership Award at the SecureE-Biz.Net Summit, April 1, 2003, from Mark Forman, Associate Director, IT and eGovernment, OMB, and David McClure, VP e-Gov, Council for Excellence in Government: “for ushering in new technology to allow us to conduct e-Business securely to further implement the President’s Management Agenda.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 2003 – present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Member of the CIO Council’s Architecture and Infrastructure Committee (AIC) and its Governance, Components, and Emerging Technologies Subcommittees (represent the later to the other two). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 1. History (continued) <ul><li>March 2003 – present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asked by Bob Haycock to be the Solution Architect to the Business Compliance One-Stop (BCOS) eGov Initiative. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asked by Mark Forman to recommend Integrated Pilot Projects for the BCOS (now the Business Gateway) (see next slide). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>July 7 th , 16 th , 22 nd , and 28 th : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of presentations and discussions with OEI senior managers on Integrated Pilot Projects for EPA (see slides 11-13). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>August 2003: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recently reassigned to the IT Policy and Planning Division to work directly for Mark Day, Co-Chair, AIC’s Emerging Technology Subcommittee, and with the Enterprise Architecture Team. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Schematic Process Diagram A Component is a self-contained business process or service with predefined functionality that may be exposed through a business or technology interface. CIO Council’s Architecture & Infrastructure Committee (AIC) & Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) Small Businesses Industry Advisory Council Agencies (SBIR) E-Gov Initiatives NASCIO Technology Associations Venture Capitalists Etc. (Who is missing?) BCOS* Collaboration Communities *BCOS: Business Compliance One-Stop E-Gov Initiative Pilots **UBR: UDDI Business Registry UDDI: Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration XML Documents UBR** Templates Topic Maps Semantic Web (RDF) GIDS, etc. 1. XML Data Model & Registry 2. XML E-Forms 3. XML Database 4. XML Collaboration Network 5. Etc. XML and Component Repository
  11. 11. XML Web Services Pilot Projects for the US EPA <ul><li>Presentation to Rick Otis and Mary McCaffery, July 7 th : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VoiceXML Web Services Applications: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Local Emergency Planning Committee Database. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Talking Books. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automated Data Verification. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XML Web Services Applications: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Facility Data. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy Assessment and Improvement of EPA Facility Data. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Technologies for eGov: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerating eGov Initiatives and Agency Partnering with FEA-based Capabilities Manager. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EPA’s Draft Report on the Environment as a Semantic Web Service Pilot. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. EPA Integrated Pilot Matrix *See slide 13 for references. CIO’s Staff and Library Services. In process. Workshops (5). Conference (6). FEA Capabilities Manager and Conference. Graduated 6/03 Semantic Technologies for eGov 5 – Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant Program Offices, CDX, and Exchange Network Nodes. Provides storage and retrieval for all the rest. Working with OECA and CDX since 4/03 to present. XML Working Group Registry/Repository Team, AIC Governance SC Goal 3, etc. Graduated 7/03 Enterprise Component Registry and Repository Using Native XML Database Technology 4 – Joel Patterson, Software AG CIO’s Staff. Relates to EPA’s “Shared Data Dictionaries”, Restructuring of Operational Systems”, etc. IAC White Paper 7/23/03 (4). DHS, DOJ, etc. Graduated 5/03 Model-driven Integration with Enterprise Metadata 3 – Michael Lang, MetaMatrix and Kevin Williams, BlueOxide Technologies EPA Webmasters and Library Services. Production capability and vision (IRS and FEA-eGov). Production capability and vision (IRS and FEA-eGov). IRS, eGov-FEA, SSA, etc. Graduated 4/03 Topic Maps 2 – Michele Biezunski, Coolheads Consulting Children’s Health Portal. New process and tools. Repurposing EPA documents and databases 8/6/03 (3). Content Network. Graduated 10/02. Started 7/03. XML Web Services and Semantic Web Services 1 – Brand Niemann, Acting (1*) EPA’s Interest Integrated Pilot EPA Solution Envisioning Result (2) Name (2) Pilot Number and Lead
  13. 13. EPA Integrated Pilot Matrix References <ul><li>(1) Transition in process with Michael Daconta, McDonald Bradley, Ted Schall, ArborText, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Proposed Semantic Web Technologies for EPA Pilot: Building a Knowledge-Centric Organization, Brand Niemann, Chair, CIO Council’s XML Web Services Working Group, and the Pilot Vendors Lead by TopQuadrant, Inc., July 28, 2003 DRAFT. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Repurposing EPA Documents Into Semantic Web Services, Michael Daconta, Chief Scientist, APG, McDonald Bradley, Inc., and Brand Niemann, EPA Office of Environmental Information and, Chair, XML Web Services Working Group, August 6, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Business Integration Driven by Business Lines: A perspective on the Data Reference Model as it relates to Cross Agency Challenges. Standards Based Architecture to Support Federated Data Management, Industry Advisory Council (IAC) Enterprise Architecture SIG, May 28, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Solution Envisioning Project: An Outline - Typical scope of a project to use the Solution Envisioning Process for Requirements Specification and Technology Selection, August 1, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) September 8 th Workshop (see Announcements, August 5 th , at http://web-services.gov). </li></ul><ul><li>(7) “Web Services Best Practices Workshop”, September 24, 2000 (see Announcements, August 5 th , at http://web-services.gov). </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2. Upcoming Events <ul><li>September 4, 2003, IRMCO, On Being Open: Tapping the Transformational Power of Collaboration, Standards, Components, and Code, Tony Stanco, Director of the Center of Open Source & Government and Associate Director of the Cyber Security Policy and Research Institute at the George Washington University. </li></ul><ul><li>September 8, 2003, Semantic Technologies for E-Gov Workshop at the White House Conference Center. Register with TopQuadrant to obtain an invitation due to space limitations (see slides 16-18.) </li></ul><ul><li>September 10-12, 2003, Enterprise Architecture eGov Conference, September 11, Session 3-2: Using Web Services to Support Your Enterprise Architecture, 1:15-2:30 p.m. Implementing Component-Based Government Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services. </li></ul><ul><li>September 17-19, 2003, National Entrepreneurial Conference and Expo, Washington Hilton & Towers, Washington, D.C. Participation details in process. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. Upcoming Events <ul><li>September 24, 2003, HP Federal Services Web Services Best Practices Workshop (Outline) - The first in a series of special one-day vendor technical workshops on Web Services as part of Phase 2 of the XML Web Services for E-Gov Pilots, at the White House Conference Center. Register with HP Federal Services to obtain an invitation due to space limitations (see slide 19). </li></ul><ul><li>September 29, 2003, XML Authoring and Editing Forum (FREE), 9 a.m. - 4 p.m., hosted at Booz Allen Hamilton Inc., 8283 Greensboro Drive, McLean, Virginia 22102. Registration for Vendors and Attendees. See http://xml.gov for details. </li></ul><ul><li>September 30, 2003, Collaboration Expedition Workshop #28 and XML Web Services Working Group Meeting. Agendas in process. XML Web Services Working Group graduates all pilots and itself - come join the celebration! </li></ul>
  16. 16. One-Day Conference at the White House Conference Center “ Semantic Technologies for e-Government” White House Conference Center, Washington D.C., September 8 th, 2003 Keynotes Capability Cases Gallery Panel Sessions
  17. 17. Semantic Technologies for eGovernment Conference <ul><li>Agenda Highlights: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 1. W3C Standards, Data Independence and Implementation Roadmap, Semantic Integration Vendor Space and Gallery, and Audience Participation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keynote: &quot;The Semantic Web&quot; - Eric Miller, Activity Lead for W3C's Semantic Web Initiative. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Invited Talk: &quot;Data Independence and the Roadmap to the Semantic Web&quot;, Michael Daconta, McDonald Bradley. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Integration Vendor Space and Gallery (see next slide) – Irene Polikoff and Dean Allemang, TopQuadrant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Vendors: enLeague, Entopia, Intellidimensions, Ontoprise, Semagix, Software AG, and Unicorn. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System integrators: Cool Heads, McDonald Bradley, and TopQuadrant. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part 2. Solution Envisioning, Solution Owners and Providers, and Voices of Experience. Ralph Hodgson, CEO TopQuadrant and Pilot Lead: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Original Pilot and Proposed EPA Integrated Pilot, Ralph Hodgson. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panel Session: &quot;Semantic Technologies Solution Owners and Providers&quot; - Robert Coyne,TopQuadrant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voices of Experience (York Sure, Dr. Leo Obrst, Ralph Hodgson, and Professor Jim Hendler). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Positioning of Vendor’s Solutions within the Semantic Integration Space Source: TopQuadrant: Semantic Integration and Tools , July 14, 2003
  19. 19. “ Web Services Best Practices Workshop” <ul><li>Agenda Highlights: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Services Case Studies (9:30 a.m.): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Client-business portal and major application integration. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Practices for Web Services Development (10:45 a.m.): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability issues with WSDL and XML Schemas, design patterns architectures, and development and testing practices. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Services Emerging Standards (1:15 p.m.): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Services Security and Web Services Orchestration. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison of BPEL4WS and WSCI. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Services Management (3 p.m.): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and metering SOAP messages, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>See for example: http://sys-con.com/xml/articleprint.cfm?id=649.
  20. 20. 3. Future Briefing Items <ul><li>Solution Envisioning for EPA, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant). </li></ul><ul><li>America’s Children and the Environment; Semantic Technologies Portal, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant). </li></ul><ul><li>XML and Semantic Technologies Authoring, Management, and Dissemination Tools, EPA (Brand Niemann). </li></ul><ul><li>AFS/CDX Proof of Concept Pilot with Native XML Database Technology, Software AG (Marcia Espenschied). </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing Component-Based Government Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services, EPA (Brand Niemann). </li></ul><ul><li>Web Services Best Practices Workshop, HP (Carolyn Rogers, Federal Services Accounts Manager). </li></ul><ul><li>Central Data eXchange (CDX): Then, Now and in the Future, McDonald-Bradley (Michael Daconta, Chief Scientist, APG, McDonald Bradley, Inc., and senior author of &quot;The Semantic Web: A Guide to the Future of XML, Web Services, and Knowledge Management“, Wiley Technology Publishing, June 2003). </li></ul>
  21. 21. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) Solution Envisioning for EPA, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant).
  22. 22. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) Solution Envisioning for EPA, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant).
  23. 23. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) <ul><li>America’s Children and the Environment; Semantic Technologies Portal, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repurposing EPA Documents Into Semantic Web Services, Michael Daconta and Brand Niemann, August 6, 2003: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See Announcements, August 11 th , at http://web-services.gov </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also working with ArborText and other leading XML Tools Vendors to discuss inclusion of support for Semantic Technologies (RDF and OWL) and Adobe’s XMP (eXtensible Metadata Platform) in their products. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) America’s Children and the Environment; Semantic Technologies Portal, Integrated Pilot Team (Led by Ralph Hodgson, TopQuadrant) Generate queries for specific databases and systems EPA Applications Translates queries and responses Ontology Server Decompose query and aggregate results EPA Ontologies ACE Ontology Model EPA Semantic Engine ACE
  25. 25. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) Multiple vendors providing an end-to-end solution based on XML standards. XYEnterprise Contenta NextPage NXT 3 and Solo Corel XMetal Smart Graphics XPP Web Services “ Gutenberg” NXT 3.5 XML and Semantic Technologies Authoring, Management, and Dissemination Tools, EPA (Brand Niemann) XML Web Services Repository and Distributed Content Network
  26. 26. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) AFS/CDX Proof of Concept Pilot with Native XML Database Technology, Software AG (Marcia Espenschied) Sample of State-generated XML documents are delivered up via CDX Web Services and processed by Software AG’s EntireX XML Mediator, our central hub for XML-based information exchange. The incoming XML data is logged to Tamino as is. The state provided data is validated against the CDX XML Schema (AFS Schema). Additional validations occur at Step 2, as required to determine data validity. Submissions will only be accepted if all data successfully passes both validations.
  27. 27. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) <ul><li>Integrate content from FEAPMO, NASCIO, IAC, Agencies (Federal and State), etc. and across the three CIOC AIC Subcommittees*. </li></ul><ul><li>Add structure, interoperability (XML), interlinking and search. </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize terminology (on way to Government Core Ontology and “smart data”) for machine & EA tool processing. </li></ul><ul><li>Include XML Schemas and structured data (forms). </li></ul><ul><li>Show best practices of standards-based, reusable, interoperable components. </li></ul>See http://web-services.gov *Governance, Components, and Emerging Technology Subcommittees. Implementing Component-Based Government Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
  28. 28. 3. Future Briefing Items (continued) <ul><li>Web Services Best Practices Workshop, HP (Carolyn Rogers, Federal Services Accounts Manager): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Register for September 24 th . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations will be posted afterwards. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More to come - First in a series of special one-day vendor technical workshops on Web Services as part of Phase 2 of the XML Web Services for E-Gov Pilots. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. 3. Future Briefing Items <ul><li>Central Data eXchange (CDX): Then, Now and in the Future, McDonald-Bradley (Michael Daconta, Chief Scientist, APG, McDonald Bradley, Inc., and senior author of &quot;The Semantic Web: A Guide to the Future of XML, Web Services, and Knowledge Management“, Wiley Technology Publishing, June 2003): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Then: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experience matters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are on the right track (though progress has been slow). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Current problems are fixable. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need aggressive champions with expertise to finish! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get to federation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get to Semantic Interoperability. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. 4. Discussion <ul><li>Questions and Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Next Steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Briefing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>

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