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6/10/10 © 2005 by Level 3 Communications, Inc. All rights ...


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6/10/10 © 2005 by Level 3 Communications, Inc. All rights ...

  1. 1. Building and Maintaining Regional Optical Networks <ul><li>Internet2 Spring 2007 Member Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandria, VA </li></ul><ul><li>April 25, 2007 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Network Selection <ul><li>Building, maintaining and operating optical networks have a significant number of challenges that should be considered before implementing. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision on type of network to purchase is driven by several key factors based on capacity of network, use of network, size/length of network, geography of area. </li></ul><ul><li>Many experienced network operators have “returned” dark fiber networks after experiencing trials and tribulations of maintaining networks. </li></ul>Outsource Insource Construct and Operate Telecom Service Provider Field Operations Staff 24x7 Maintenance & Repairs Telecom IT Systems Network Capacity Planning & Engineering Managed Service Focus on Core Charter Leverage Scale of Telecom Co. Service Level Agreements Reduce Dedicated Resources Less Upfront Investment
  3. 3. Level 3 Solutions <ul><li>Level 3 provides a broad range of services across the spectrum, allowing R&E organizations to evaluate optimal balance of insourcing vs. outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the key questions you should ask your backbone provider, equipment vendor or your professional service provider in making a decision on the type of network and the vendors. </li></ul>Outsource Insource Construct and Operate Dark Fiber Colocation Power Managed Services Wavelengths Private Line Ethernet xVPN Professional Services Remote Hands Equipment Install Engineering/Design Support
  4. 4. Selecting Network Solution <ul><li>Assess purpose and use to complete network design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical and cost tradeoffs for complete network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Type of fiber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Length of fiber spans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on equipment designs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison of equipment features </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System capacity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial cost vs full fill cost </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network features such as optical add/drop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network turn up and acceptance based on elements not services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locked into equipment provider as long as equipment is deployed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary initial cost drivers – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone – lit services or fiber network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Equipment – DWDM, ADM, OSX/DSX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploying Colocation and Power – end point and running line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of IT systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provisioning System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network Inventory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service Delivery/Service Assurance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost structure – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upfront capital/IRU fees versus monthly lease options </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ongoing Fiber Network Costs <ul><li>Colocation – Running Line and End Point </li></ul><ul><li>Power – Costs and Availability </li></ul><ul><li>O&M charges – yearly charges to maintain fiber plant </li></ul><ul><li>Property taxes – pro rata share of fiber plant tax and applicable taxes on equipment with each state </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation of fiber fees – variable costs for relocations, repairs, and other unpredictable costs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Network Operations <ul><li>24x7 Network management center and personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster recovery support/planning </li></ul><ul><li>Circuits for network management connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment spare cards </li></ul><ul><li>Spare card storage and tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Spare card delivery to site in required timeframes </li></ul><ul><li>On site maintenance and repair of equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Repairs and refresh of spare cards </li></ul><ul><li>Software & hardware upgrades to network elements </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity planning/provisioning/network inventory management </li></ul>
  7. 7. Upgrade/Expansion Issues <ul><li>Single Fiber Pair Augment </li></ul><ul><li>Major challenges if only 2 fibers procured - difficult to acquire fiber for short term </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase updated hardware from vendor </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if power is available from colocation provider </li></ul><ul><li>Decommission network segment while new equipment deployed </li></ul><ul><li>Configure and test new hardware. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommission network segment and turn up traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Resources focused on migrating circuits and coordinating with the users of the circuits. </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Network Augment </li></ul><ul><li>Access to additional fibers </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain incremental space </li></ul><ul><li>Power available to support new equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity of equipment to initial equipment - interconnection </li></ul><ul><li>Costs to operate dual networks during migration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary <ul><li>Cost Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher Initial costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost uncertainties for maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require high utilization rates to reach targeted cost points </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complexity of upgrade/migration to new equipment over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locked into deployed equipment supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational support resources required for carrier grade network </li></ul></ul>Outsource Insource Is being a network operator your core expertise?