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0303-Virtualization and Cloud.ppt

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0303-Virtualization and Cloud.ppt

  1. 1. Virtualization and Cloud Computing Jacques Roy [email_address]
  2. 2. Integrated solutions and related offers <ul><li>IDS Virtualization </li></ul><ul><li>IDS AWS EC2 support </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Studio Support </li></ul><ul><li>Java Common Client (JCC) and JDBC Support </li></ul><ul><li>Support for common clients </li></ul><ul><li>Data Studio </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Bit of History <ul><li>Virtual machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CP-40 in 1967, predecessor to the VM operating system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IBM VM operating system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First released in 1972 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A VM mainframe typically runs hundreds of virtual machine instances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VMware founded in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Today: many providers </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Virtualization? <ul><li>The abstraction of operating systems and the applications that run on them into virtual machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Server Consolidation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increases efficiency of machine usage, providing savings on the costs of electrical power, cooling, and space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase business flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>virtual machines can run essentially anywhere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A virtual appliance is an extension to the concept of a virtual machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like a physical appliance but abstracted from the hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The benefits of a preconfigured solution with the flexibility of virtualization </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why Virtualization? <ul><li>“ It is estimated that the world’s datacenters will produce more carbon in a year than the total electricity usage of 36 million homes.” IBM ad. </li></ul><ul><li>“ At Allstate, four data centers were rolled into two, saving about $65 million. The company will see a 7-to-1 reduction in physical servers but hopes to go as high as 12-to-1.” Computerworld, April 20, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>“ State of Indiana: Data center consolidation, server virtualization and energy efficient desktops save nearly $14 million.” Computerworld, April 20, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Austin Energy: With a new virtual environment, applications run on 150 servers instead of 600” Computerworld, April 20, 2009 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why Virtualization? <ul><li>Server consolidation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace multiple small servers with one large one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better hardware utilization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy saving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$$$ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Grid Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid provisioning of grid nodes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More agile infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. IDS Virtualization Optimize your IT investments, infrastructure and resources <ul><li>Available now: </li></ul><ul><li>IDS Virtual Appliance: A SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2 virtual machine with Pre configured online IDS instance </li></ul><ul><li>Developer Edition virtual appliance edition for exploration and development </li></ul><ul><li>Other editions through ISVs and OEM partners </li></ul><ul><li>Repackaging Guide </li></ul><ul><li>IDS instances in Amazon Cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Investments </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce power, cooling and real-estate expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce hardware expenses through consolidation and improved utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify server configuration and deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance manageability and responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Improve server utilization and control </li></ul><ul><li>Scale compute resources to meet demand </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage IDS high availability features </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce software and maintenance complexity </li></ul>
  8. 8. VMWare Virtual Infrastructure Support <ul><li>VMWare ESX compatible virtual machine images fit into the VMWare Virtual Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>The Virtual Center Management Server allows different x86 based operating systems to be managed as a single virtual platform </li></ul><ul><li>Virtualized infrastructure centrally managed by VirtualCenter Management Server </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Infrastructure Client to administer and connect to individual ESX Server installations </li></ul>Source: http:// www.vmware.com/solutions/consolidation/manage.html See: http:// www.vmware.com/pdf/vi_architecture_wp.pdf
  9. 9. What is Cloud Computing? <ul><li>A user experience and a business model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud computing is an emerging style of IT delivery in which applications, data, and IT resources are rapidly provisioned and provided as standardized offerings to users over the web in a flexible pricing model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>An infrastructure management and services delivery methodology </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud computing is a way of managing large numbers of highly virtualized resources such that, from a management perspective, they resemble a single large resource. This can then be used to deliver services with elastic scaling </li></ul></ul></ul>Monitor & Manage Services & Resources Cloud Administrator Datacenter Infrastructure Service Catalog, Component Library Service Consumers Component Vendors/ Software Publishers Publish & Update Components, Service Templates IT Cloud Access Services
  10. 10. = OPTIMIZED BUSINESS … allowing you to optimize new investments for direct business benefits = AGILITY + BUSINESS & IT ALIGNMENT + SERVICE FLEXIBILITY INDUSTRY STANDARDS + = … .leverages virtualization, standardization and automation to free up operational budget for new investment VIRTUALIZATION + ENERGY EFFICIENCY + STANDARDIZATION AUTOMATION + Cloud-onomics. . . Reduced Cost
  11. 11. Amazon Web Services <ul><li>Started in 2006 using excess capacity from core retail site </li></ul><ul><li>Core services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2). Run time environment. Five configurations starting at $0.10 per hour. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Storage Service (S3). Storage on demand. Pricing starts at $0.15 per GB/Month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>400,000+ Developers using AWS today – growing at 10,000 each month. </li></ul><ul><li>AWS and its ecosystem is estimated to serve more than 80% of developers using Cloud Computing Developer Services </li></ul><ul><li>Major 2008 Developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Availability including Premium Support and SLA (99.95% Availability) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability Zones (Improved performance in Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for Windows (available on an hourly basis) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2009… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AWS Management console </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM in the Cloud! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserved Instances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AWS Toolkit for Eclipse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic MapReduce </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) is a web service that provides scalable commercial computing capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EC2 is based on the Xen open source hypervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Failure Resilient Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) offers persistent storage and higher performance for Amazon EC2 instances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regions and Availability Zones provides the ability to place instances in different regions and Availability Zones with free data transfer within regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic IP Addresses - IP addresses associated with your account that can be mapped to any instance </li></ul></ul>AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Amazon EC2 Amazon S3 Controller Launch, monitor, terminate Input/output
  13. 13. <ul><li>An Amazon Machine Image is an encrypted machine image that contains all of the information necessary to boot instances of your software </li></ul><ul><li>AMIs are stored in Amazon S3 </li></ul><ul><li>Types of AMI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public AMIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available to public in EC2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Downloadable from the Amazon Resource Center </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used as a base to create custom private AMIs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private AMIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Owned and accessed only by individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid AMIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Order them before use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Come with service contracts from vendors </li></ul></ul></ul>Amazon Machine Image (AMI)
  14. 14. AWS Performance Considerations <ul><li>No official AWS I/O throughput numbers published </li></ul><ul><li>S3 IO Performance varies between instance sizes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small instance – “moderate”, Large, Extra Large – High </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small instances – EC2 – S3 measured at 10-12 MB/s* </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large instances EC2 – S3 up to 50 MB/s* </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Elastic Block Store (EBS) performance estimated at up to 70 MB/s* </li></ul><ul><li>1 EC2 Compute Unit is ~= 1.0-1.2GHZ 2007 Opteron or Xeon CPU </li></ul><ul><li>An extra large instance allows a maximum of 8 EC2 CPU’s at 15GB RAM </li></ul><ul><li>The High-CPU Extra large instance allows 20 EC2-CPUs at 7 GB RAM </li></ul><ul><li>Network performance between instances </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rightscale measured 75-100 MB/s* </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>*all 3rd party measurements should be considered date dependant and subject to upgrade, as well as dependant on the usage pattern measured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blog.rightscale.com/tag/performance/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blog.rightscale.com/2008/08/20/amazon-ebs-explained/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blog.rightscale.com/2007/10/28/network-performance-within-amazon-ec2-and-to-amazon-s3/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://hostedftp.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/s3ec2_0209.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. AWS Storage Reliability “ AWS will use commercially reasonable efforts to make Amazon S3 available with a Monthly Uptime Percentage … of at least 99.9% during any monthly billing cycle (the “Service Commitment”). In the event Amazon S3 does not meet the Service Commitment, you will be eligible to receive a Service Credit..” <ul><li>The Amazon EC2 SLA guarantees 99.95% availability of the service within a Region over a trailing 365 day period </li></ul><ul><li>Use Elastic Block Store (EBS) persistent block level storage for higher performance, reliability and persistence between instances </li></ul><ul><li>Use IDS High availability features (HDR, ER, RSS) for availability and load balancing – leverage free data transfer between instance in the same region </li></ul>Source: http://aws.amazon.com/s3-sla/
  16. 16. IBM Developer Cloud Space <ul><li>Landing site for ISVs and developers interested in cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>Links to development AMIs, demos and supporting collateral </li></ul><ul><li>Links to other IBM cloud resources and IBM SaaS Partner Program </li></ul>www.ibm.com/developerworks/spaces/cloud
  17. 17. <ul><li>IDS Developer Edition AMI is supported through public forums </li></ul><ul><li>Support for paid IDS AMI will be provided by Amazon with the option to enter into premium support contracts with IBM </li></ul><ul><li>If you purchased IDS licenses for your own AMI, support for IDS is business as usual. See http://aws.amazon.com/solutions/featured-partners/ibm / </li></ul>IDS AWS Support
  18. 18. <ul><li>Immediate / Short Term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IDS virtual appliance paid editions – available now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>64-bit VA Editions – available now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon AWS paid edition AMI’s – announced April ‘09 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VMWare ESX Editions – now main VA development platform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development / POC in progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informix on campus / education solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-configured IBM Software solution stacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDS integration with IBM Cloud solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration between IDS and cloud management software / APIs </li></ul></ul>IDS Virtualization and cloud Roadmap
  19. 19. IDS AWS EC2 support <ul><ul><li>AWS EC2 support : Amazon Web Services Elastic Compute Cloud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivers production applications on an pay hourly as per use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A key component in “Cloud Computing” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDS is certified for EC2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDS virtual appliance can be used with EC2 </li></ul></ul>

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