Hallucinogen Related Disorders<br />By<br />Justin Song<br />
Hallucinogens<br />Been around for thousands of years<br />Distort the user’s senses<br />Popular hallucinogens are LSD, P...
Hallucinogens<br />
How the Brain is Affected<br />Deplete serotonin levels <br />Because the hallucinogen molecules resemble serotonin, the b...
Effects<br />Unpredictable<br />User may hear colors or see sounds or even taste touches<br />Numerous different effects<b...
Eidetic Imagery<br />User can still see images when their eyes are closed<br />Images can appear as designs or patterns fl...
Synesthesia<br />Mixing of the user’s senses<br />Hear colors, see sounds<br />Experts still do not know what causes it<br...
Depersonalization<br />Floating from body<br />One who is severely depersonalized may look down and see their body<br />Us...
Simultaneous Extreme Sensations<br />Experiencing numerous extreme feelings at the same time<br />Can feel happy, sad, ups...
Flashbacks<br />Can come at any time, even years after use<br />Somatic, Emotional, Perceptual<br />Somatic is physical: t...
Multi Level Reality	<br />Can see through things to their molecules<br />Rare effect<br />
Exaggeration<br />Another confusing effect<br />Objects multiply, feelings intensify, whispering becomes yelling, everythi...
Set<br />Set is the quantity, identity, and previous experiences of drug<br />Set affects the type of trip that the user h...
Setting<br />Represents the user’s intentions and environment<br />If used for positive intentions, the trip might be good...
Addiction<br />LSD, PCP, and other hallucinogens are not physically addictive which means no craving, withdrawals, or anyt...
LSD Addiction<br />Rare but dangerous<br />Signs of paranoia, flashbacks, delusions, permanent mental changes in perceptio...
PCP Addiction<br />More likely than LSD<br />Hallucinations, euphoria, delusions, panic, depression, and aggression<br />M...
How to Stop Addiction<br />Rehabilitation Centers<br />Hallucinogens Anonymous<br />Numerous groups that talk to schools<b...
Statistics<br />LSD and psychedelic mushrooms have been growing in popularity <br />PCP popularity has gone down<br />DEA ...
Hallucinogens<br />Still somewhat of a mystery to today’s experts<br />Cannot explain things like synesthesia<br />Unsure ...
Works Cited<br />Ebbitt, Alicia. "The Effects of Hallucinogenic Drugs on the Brain." Serendip (2008): n. 		pag. Web. 20 Ap...
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Hallucinogen related disorders

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Hallucinogen related disorders

  1. 1. Hallucinogen Related Disorders<br />By<br />Justin Song<br />
  2. 2. Hallucinogens<br />Been around for thousands of years<br />Distort the user’s senses<br />Popular hallucinogens are LSD, PCP, and psychedelic mushrooms<br />
  3. 3. Hallucinogens<br />
  4. 4. How the Brain is Affected<br />Deplete serotonin levels <br />Because the hallucinogen molecules resemble serotonin, the brain fills in serotonin receptors with hallucinogen molecules<br />This is what triggers the “trip”<br />
  5. 5. Effects<br />Unpredictable<br />User may hear colors or see sounds or even taste touches<br />Numerous different effects<br />
  6. 6. Eidetic Imagery<br />User can still see images when their eyes are closed<br />Images can appear as designs or patterns floating in mid air<br />Lasts for a time<br />
  7. 7. Synesthesia<br />Mixing of the user’s senses<br />Hear colors, see sounds<br />Experts still do not know what causes it<br />Trademark affect of hallucinogens<br />
  8. 8. Depersonalization<br />Floating from body<br />One who is severely depersonalized may look down and see their body<br />Usually is mild<br />Disrupts physical coordination<br />Dr. Martin recalls a severe incident of depersonalization<br />
  9. 9. Simultaneous Extreme Sensations<br />Experiencing numerous extreme feelings at the same time<br />Can feel happy, sad, upset, overjoyed, empowered, helpless<br />Users usually mark this experience as a bad trip<br />
  10. 10. Flashbacks<br />Can come at any time, even years after use<br />Somatic, Emotional, Perceptual<br />Somatic is physical: throwing up, shaking<br />Emotional: depression, suicide<br />Perceptual: Normal trip<br />
  11. 11. Multi Level Reality <br />Can see through things to their molecules<br />Rare effect<br />
  12. 12. Exaggeration<br />Another confusing effect<br />Objects multiply, feelings intensify, whispering becomes yelling, everything becomes more intense<br />
  13. 13. Set<br />Set is the quantity, identity, and previous experiences of drug<br />Set affects the type of trip that the user has<br />
  14. 14. Setting<br />Represents the user’s intentions and environment<br />If used for positive intentions, the trip might be good or different from a trip where someone just wants to get high<br />
  15. 15. Addiction<br />LSD, PCP, and other hallucinogens are not physically addictive which means no craving, withdrawals, or anything of that nature<br />The user can only become addicted if they go out of their way to become high without their body telling them to<br />
  16. 16. LSD Addiction<br />Rare but dangerous<br />Signs of paranoia, flashbacks, delusions, permanent mental changes in perceptions, increased heart rate<br />Similar to paranoid schizophrenia<br />
  17. 17. PCP Addiction<br />More likely than LSD<br />Hallucinations, euphoria, delusions, panic, depression, and aggression<br />More likely to commit suicide later on <br />
  18. 18. How to Stop Addiction<br />Rehabilitation Centers<br />Hallucinogens Anonymous<br />Numerous groups that talk to schools<br />All Stars<br />LA’s Best<br />California Mentoring Initiative<br />The New Jersey Governor’s Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse<br />No way to fix addiction, but can be prevented by raising awareness<br />
  19. 19. Statistics<br />LSD and psychedelic mushrooms have been growing in popularity <br />PCP popularity has gone down<br />DEA has only made several large drug busts since 2001<br />Ecstasy high school users has increased by 75% from 1997 to 2001<br />
  20. 20. Hallucinogens<br />Still somewhat of a mystery to today’s experts<br />Cannot explain things like synesthesia<br />Unsure as to which specific part of the brain each drug affects<br />Unsure why hallucinogens resemble serotonin<br />Many questions<br />
  21. 21. Works Cited<br />Ebbitt, Alicia. "The Effects of Hallucinogenic Drugs on the Brain." Serendip (2008): n. pag. Web. 20 Apr 2010. <http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1880>.<br />"Hallucinogens Facts and Figures." Office of National Drug Control Policy (2010): n. pag. Web. 20 Apr 2010. <http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/drugfact/hallucinogens/hallucinogens_ff. html>.<br />Mayo Clinic Staff, . "Symptoms." Drug Addiction (2009): n. pag. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug- addiction/ds00183/dsection=symptoms>.<br />Mehling, Randi. Hallucinogens. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Chelsea House Publishers, 2003. Print.<br />Monroe, Judy. LSD, PCP, and Hallucinogen Dangers. Berkely Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2000. Print.<br />Phillips, Jane Ellen. LSD, PCP, & Other Hallucinogens. Berkely Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2000. Print.<br />Tierney, John. "Hallucinogens Have Doctors Tuning In Again." New York Times (2010): n. pag. Web. 20 Apr 2010. <http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/12/science/12psychedelics.html?ref=science>.<br /> <br />

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