Psychology and Success
Chapter 1
“What

lies behind us and what lies before
us are small matters compared to what lies wit...
Learning Objectives
• Define success.
• List several personal qualities that help people
to be happy.
• Define psychology ...
What is Success?
Success: a lifetime of personal fulfillment.
Success Secrets
• Success is a journey, not a destination.
•...
Ingredients of Success
1. Self-Awareness Appreciating your personal
values, qualities, skills and interests.
2. Self-Direc...
Ingredients of Success continued…
5. Self-Discipline Daily personal effort
putting your plans into action.
6. Self-Motivat...
Who is a Success?
• In society, it is not always obvious who are
truly successful people.
• Role Model Person who has qual...
Success and Happiness
• Happiness The natural experience of
winning your self-respect and the respect of
others.
• Outside...
Positive Qualities
• Another way to boost your happiness is to develop
personal qualities that will help you enjoy life an...
Understanding Psychology
• Psychology Scientific study of human
behavior.
• Behavior Anything that you think, feel or do.
...
Explaining Human Behavior
Why do people think, feel and act the way they do?
• Nervous system Regulates thoughts, feelings...
Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions
• Cognition (thought) Mental processing of
information in any form.
• Includes: perceiving...
Positive and Negative Emotions.

1-12
Understanding Yourself
• Self Your sense of being a unique, conscious
being, the inner core of you.
• Self-Image All the b...
Building A Healthy Self-Image
• A healthy self-image is positive but realistic.
• Makes the best of all the things you do ...
You and Your Social World
• Social Role Norms that define how you are
supposed to behave in a given situation.
• Self-Pres...
Identity
• How you choose to define yourself to the
world.
• Individual Identity The physical and
psychological characteri...
Culture, Gender and Identity
• Culture – the behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and
traditions shared by a large social group,
t...
Defining Your Role
• Researchers suggest that it is healthiest to
have a combination of stereotypically
masculine and femi...
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Chapter 1 for students psycology of success

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Chapter 1 for students psycology of success

  1. 1. Psychology and Success Chapter 1 “What lies behind us and what lies before us are small matters compared to what lies within us.” Ralph Waldo Emerson, Philosopher McGraw-Hill © 2010 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • Define success. • List several personal qualities that help people to be happy. • Define psychology and cite its four major goals. • Explain the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and actions. • Define self, self-image, and identity. • Describe the components of identity. 1-2
  3. 3. What is Success? Success: a lifetime of personal fulfillment. Success Secrets • Success is a journey, not a destination. • Money and fame don’t equal success. Activity 1: What Success Means to You 1-3
  4. 4. Ingredients of Success 1. Self-Awareness Appreciating your personal values, qualities, skills and interests. 2. Self-Direction Setting a goal and working toward it. 3. Self-Esteem Respecting oneself. 4. Positive Thinking Focusing on future possibilities to propel yourself toward your goals. 1-4
  5. 5. Ingredients of Success continued… 5. Self-Discipline Daily personal effort putting your plans into action. 6. Self-Motivation Getting and staying motivated. Moving forward despite fears. 7. Positive Relationships Healthy relationships with friends, family, and co-workers. Personal Journal 1.1 Ingredients of Success 1-5
  6. 6. Who is a Success? • In society, it is not always obvious who are truly successful people. • Role Model Person who has qualities you would like to have. Success Secrets • Always make time for relationships. • Adults need role models, too. Activity 2: Role Model 1-6
  7. 7. Success and Happiness • Happiness The natural experience of winning your self-respect and the respect of others. • Outside factors—wealth, youth, physical attractiveness, etc., have little effect on happiness. Success Secret • Create your own opportunities for happiness. Activity 3: How Happy Are You? 1-7
  8. 8. Positive Qualities • Another way to boost your happiness is to develop personal qualities that will help you enjoy life and cope with challenges. • Psychologists have identified the following qualities: ability to love, vocation, courage, trust, optimism, future-mindedness, social skills, aesthetic sensibility, work ethic, honesty, emotional awareness, persistence, forgiveness, creative thinking, spirituality, self-esteem and wisdom. Success Secret • Try new ways of thinking and doing. 1-8
  9. 9. Understanding Psychology • Psychology Scientific study of human behavior. • Behavior Anything that you think, feel or do. • Goals of Psychology Describe, predict, explain, and (in some cases) change human behavior. Success Secret • Studying psychology helps you understand yourself and others. 1-9
  10. 10. Explaining Human Behavior Why do people think, feel and act the way they do? • Nervous system Regulates thoughts, feelings and actions. • Conscious Mind The part of the brain that controls the mental processes of which we are aware. • Subconscious Mind The part of the brain that controls the mental processes of which we are not actively aware. 1-10
  11. 11. Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions • Cognition (thought) Mental processing of information in any form. • Includes: perceiving, recognizing, remembering, reasoning, solving problems, making decisions, forming concepts, visualizing. • Emotion (feeling) Subjective feeling accompanied by physical and behavioral changes. Personal Journal 1.2 Your Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions 1-11
  12. 12. Positive and Negative Emotions. 1-12
  13. 13. Understanding Yourself • Self Your sense of being a unique, conscious being, the inner core of you. • Self-Image All the beliefs you have about yourself. • Areas in which you have self-images include: intellectual ability, competence, creativity, sense of humor, morality, romantic appeal, physical appearance, parental relationships, close friendships, and social acceptance. 1-13
  14. 14. Building A Healthy Self-Image • A healthy self-image is positive but realistic. • Makes the best of all the things you do well. • Is based on who you are right now. • Does not limit who you will be next week. • A complex self-image means having a variety of positive ways to see yourself. Personal Journal 1.3 How Do You See Yourself? Activity 4: Wheel of Life 1-14
  15. 15. You and Your Social World • Social Role Norms that define how you are supposed to behave in a given situation. • Self-Preservation Altering your behavior to make a good impression of others. Activity 5: Sides of Yourself 1-15
  16. 16. Identity • How you choose to define yourself to the world. • Individual Identity The physical and psychological characteristics that distinguish you. • Relational Identity How you identify yourself in relation to others. • Collective Identity The sum of the social roles you play and the social groups to which you belong. Activity 6: Identify Profile 1-16
  17. 17. Culture, Gender and Identity • Culture – the behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large social group, transmitted from one generation to the next. Western– individualism, Eastern-collectivism • Gender Role – norms that define how males and females are supposed to behave. • Gender Bias - treating someone differently or unfairly due to one’s gender. 1-17
  18. 18. Defining Your Role • Researchers suggest that it is healthiest to have a combination of stereotypically masculine and feminine qualities. • Some typical qualities: logical, assertive, sensitive, independent, gentle, compassionate. Success Secret • Don’t put limits on what you can become. 1-18

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