<ul><li>Without referring to your files, brainstorm what you think Europe was like from 1900-1914. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Imperial Age – Monarchy was the main system of government throughout Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>An age of Europ...
 
<ul><li>Activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look through the handouts on Colonial Rivalry and complete Worksheet 1. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Great Britain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height of its power: ‘The Sun never sets on the British Empire’. </li></ul></...
Pierre-Georges Jeanniot 's  La ligne de feu  (1886), depicting the  Battle of Mars-La-Tour From Wikipedia <ul><li>France: ...
<ul><li>Germany: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new country formed after the Franco-Prussian War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seco...
<ul><li>Austria-Hungary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An empire created in 1867 made of many different countries and ethnic group...
<ul><li>Russia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large empire across Europe and Asia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak and in declin...
<ul><li>Italy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new nation created in 1866 after the unification of the Italian states. </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Turkey: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest empire? Once threatene...
<ul><li>The Balkans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of many different people and religions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of g...
<ul><li>Why do you think the powerful/new European states wanted colonies? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Imperialism/Colonialism – Belief in the creation of the creation of an overseas empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Politica...
<ul><li>Germany was relatively late in terms of its colonialism. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1889 Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to b...
<ul><li>First Moroccan Crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1904 : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entente Cordiale: Britain recogn...
<ul><ul><li>Conference of 1906: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britain, Russia, Spain, Italy and USA supported France. </l...
<ul><li>Second Crisis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order broke down in Moroccan capital of Fez: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>L...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

1.2 Causes Of World War One

2,423 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,423
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
79
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1.2 Causes Of World War One

  1. 2. <ul><li>Without referring to your files, brainstorm what you think Europe was like from 1900-1914. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The Imperial Age – Monarchy was the main system of government throughout Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>An age of European Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boxer Rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-operation against Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An age of progress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The arts </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look through the handouts on Colonial Rivalry and complete Worksheet 1. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Great Britain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height of its power: ‘The Sun never sets on the British Empire’. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British was highly industrialised. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British Navy was the most powerful in the world. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Pierre-Georges Jeanniot 's La ligne de feu (1886), depicting the Battle of Mars-La-Tour From Wikipedia <ul><li>France: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated by Germany during the Franco-Prussian War 1871. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humiliated and lost Alsace-Lorraine to Germany. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Felt threatened by Germany and sought revenge. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a republic again. However, this was unstable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperial ambitions in North Africa. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Germany: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new country formed after the Franco-Prussian War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second in strength and industrialization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not have many major colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly aggressive in Europe and the world. </li></ul></ul>Crowning of Wilhelm I to emperor of Germany, in Versailles, by Anton von Werner . From Wikipedia.
  7. 9. <ul><li>Austria-Hungary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An empire created in 1867 made of many different countries and ethnic groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready to disintegrate – Many nationalist movements emerging. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak with little industrialisation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aging Emperor Franz Joseph. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Russia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large empire across Europe and Asia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak and in decline – Still viewed itself as the leader of the Slavic World. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In competition with Austria-Hungary over the Balkans. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Italy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new nation created in 1866 after the unification of the Italian states. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under-developed but eyeing overseas territories. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Turkey: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest empire? Once threatened to conquer Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1900s, it was in decline with many of its territories on the verge of breaking away. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>The Balkans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of many different people and religions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of great interest to Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia and Turkey. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalist movements in the Balkans: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greece, Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia were independent. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Why do you think the powerful/new European states wanted colonies? </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Imperialism/Colonialism – Belief in the creation of the creation of an overseas empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Political factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain support of population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition with other major powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missionary activities </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Germany was relatively late in terms of its colonialism. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1889 Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to build up Germany’s empire: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jealous of Great Britain’s empire - Wanted to become the equal of Great Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1900, Germany was almost the equal of Great Britain economically. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilhelm wanted an overseas empire to provide a market for German industry. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By the 1900s, most of the colonies of value had already been taken. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had to make do with what was left. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany also started the encroach on the other powers’ colonies. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>First Moroccan Crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1904 : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entente Cordiale: Britain recognised Morocco as under the French sphere of influence and that France had the right to intervene in Morocco. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany unhappy: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to challenge the Entente Cordiale. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needed to pretext to instigate a confrontation with France. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mar 1905: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kaiser went to Morocco and declared his support for Moroccan independence. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called for international conference to settle to Moroccan issue. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><ul><li>Conference of 1906: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britain, Russia, Spain, Italy and USA supported France. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had been diplomatically out- maneuvered. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entente Cordiale had been strengthened – Britain and France now viewed Germany as a common threat. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Second Crisis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order broke down in Moroccan capital of Fez: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led to French intervention. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germans felt that this exceeded the terms of the conference and sent a gunboat to Morocco (Agadir). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British stance against Germany was further hardened as they prepared for confrontation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, conflict was averted with a concession of territory to Germany. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany had accomplished very little through its actions . </li></ul><ul><li>Britain was now prepared to act firmly against Germany. </li></ul>

×