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Implicit objects advance Java

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This is the most important concept in advance java. Why java is so much popular than other? answer is its implicit objects. It provides many implicit object in the library. So you don't need to declare object to use it. You just have to use whenever you need it.

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Implicit objects advance Java

  1. 1. Implicit Objects Advance Java (2160707) Prepared By:: Metaliya Darshit (130110107020)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION JSP Implicit Objects are the Java objects that the JSP Container makes available to developers in each page and developer can call them directly without being explicitly declared. JSP Implicit Objects are also called pre-defined variables.
  3. 3. Object Description Request This is the HttpServletRequest object associated with the request. response This is the HttpServletResponse object associated with the response to the client. out This is the PrintWriter object used to send output to the client. session This is the HttpSession object associated with the request. application This is the ServletContext object associated with application context. config This is the ServletConfig object associated with the page. pageContext This encapsulates use of server-specific features like higher performance JspWriters. page This is simply a synonym for this, and is used to call the methods defined by the translated servlet class. Exception The Exception object allows the exception data to be accessed by designated JSP.
  4. 4. REQUEST OBJECT Implicit object of type HttpServletRequest i.e. created for each jsp request by the web container. Use: To get request information such as parameter, header information, remote address, server name, server port, content type, character encoding To set, get and remove attributes from the jsp request scope.
  5. 5. REQUEST OBJECT Index.html <form action="welcome.jsp"> <input type="text" name="uname"> <input type="submit" value="go"><br/> </form> Newjsp.jsp <% String name=request.getParameter("uname"); out.print("welcome "+name); %>
  6. 6. RESPONSE OBJECT Implicit object of type HttpServletResponse. The instance of HttpServletResponse is created by the web container for each jsp request. Defines the interfaces that deal with creating new HTTP headers. Through this object the JSP programmer can add new cookies or date stamps, HTTP status codes etc. Use: To add or manipulate response such as redirect response to another resource, send error etc. Newjsp.jsp <% response.sendRedirect("http://www.google.com");
  7. 7. OUT OBJECT Instance of a javax.servlet.jsp.JspWriter object and is used to send content in a response. Use: For writing any data to the buffer displaying dynamic data The java way to display text on the webpage Newjsp.jsp <% out.print("Today is:"+java.util.Calendar.getInstance().getTime()); %>
  8. 8. SESSION OBJECT implicit object of type HttpSession. Use: to set, get or remove attribute or to get session information. to track client session between client requests
  9. 9. SESSION OBJECT Index.html <form action="welcome.jsp"> <input type="text" name="uname"> <input type="submit" value="go"><br/> </form> Newjsp.jsp <% String name=request.getParameter("uname"); out.print("Welcome "+name); session.setAttribute("user",name); %><a href="second.jsp">second jsp page</a>
  10. 10. SESSION OBJECT second.jsp <% String name=(String)session.getAttribute("user"); out.print("Hello "+name); %>
  11. 11. APPLICATION OBJECT Implicit object of type ServletContext. Instance of ServletContext is created only once by the web container when application or project is deployed on the server. Use To get initialization parameter from configuaration file (web.xml). To get, set or remove attribute from the application scope.
  12. 12. APPLICATION OBJECT Newjsp.jsp <% out.print("Welcome "+request.getParameter("uname")); String driver=application.getInitParameter("dname"); out.print("driver name is="+driver); %>
  13. 13. CONFIG OBJECT Implicit object of type ServletConfig. Use: To get initialization parameter for a particular JSP page Allows the JSP programmer access to the Servlet or JSP engine initialization parameters such as the paths or file locations etc.
  14. 14. CONFIG OBJECT
  15. 15. PAGECONTEXT OBJECT Implicit object of type PageContext class Intended as a means to access information about the page while avoiding most of the implementation details. Use: To set, get or remove attribute from one of the following scopes: page request session Application In JSP, page scope is the default scope.
  16. 16. PAGECONTEXT OBJECT Newjsp.jsp <% String name=request.getParameter("uname"); out.print("Welcome "+name); pageContext.setAttribute("user",name,PageContext.SESSION_SC OPE); %> <a href="second.jsp">second jsp page</a>
  17. 17. PAGECONTEXT OBJECT second.jsp <% String name=(String)pageContext.getAttribute("user",PageContext.SES SION_SCOPE); out.print("Hello "+name); %>
  18. 18. PAGE OBJECT An actual reference to the instance of the page. It can be thought of as an object that represents the entire JSP page. implicit object of type java.lang.Throwable class. The exception object is a wrapper containing the exception thrown from the previous page. It is typically used to generate an appropriate response to the error condition.
  19. 19. EXCEPTION OBJECT implicit object of type java.lang.Throwable class. A wrapper containing the exception thrown from the previous page. Use: To generate an appropriate response to the error condition.

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