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Introduction to NoSQL

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Introduction to NoSQL

  1. 1. AWS Sydney Meetup 2012• Agenda – Introductions • 18.00 – 20.00 • First Wednesday of the month • Takers on Co Organizing meetup group • Future presentations – Presentations • Introduction to NoSql - Darrell King, AWS Architect • EMR and Dynamo DB – Sohail Khan, AWS/Salesforce Consultant – Q&A Session
  2. 2. NoSQL Definition• NoSQL is a broad class of database that differs from the classic RDBMS in some significant ways, most important being they do not use SQL as their primary query language. – NOSQL means Not Only SQL, as in: in the future, our backends will consist of Not Only SQL databases but also key-value stores, graph databases and more.
  3. 3. NoSQL Drivers• Google, Facebook and Twitter – Real time data out of large volumes of data – Performance and Real Time more important then consistency• RDBMS Problems – Inability to scale – Demands of big data and elastic provisioning• Big Data – Big data is a term applied to data sets whose size is beyond the ability of commonly used software tools to capture, manage, and process the data within a tolerable elapsed time. Big data sizes are a constantly moving target currently ranging from a few dozen terabytes to many petabytes of data in a single data set.
  4. 4. NoSQL• NoSQL is all about scalability – Scaling to size – Scaling to complexity• Deliver Heavy R/W workloads.• Eventual consistency
  5. 5. NoSQL– Eric Brewer’s CAP theorem says that if you want consistency, availability, and partition tolerance, you have to settle for two out of three. (For a distributed system, partition tolerance means the system will continue to work unless there is a total network failure. A few nodes can fail and the system keeps going.)– Consistency means that each client always has the same view of the data.– Availability means that all clients can always read and write.– Partition tolerance means that the system works well across physical network partitions.
  6. 6. Emerging Categories of NoSQL1. key-stores without an explicit data model – many based on Amazons Dynamo key-value store.2. Others influenced by Googles BigTable database – which supports Google products such as Google Maps and Google Reader.3. Document databases store highly structured self-describing objects4. Graph databases store complex relationships – such as those found in social networks.
  7. 7. http://blogs.neotechnology.com/emil/2009/11/nosql-scaling-to-size-and-scaling-to-complexity.html
  8. 8. Changing Landscape
  9. 9. Amazon DynamoDB• Fully managed NoSQL database• Released January 18th 2012• Service based on throughput rather then storage• HW – SSD allow predictable performanceAlso interesting that they mentioned hardware at all!!• Similar to managed version of Cassandra
  10. 10. Amazon DynamoDB• Consistency – DynamoDB writes are always consistent – Reads are consistent, or eventually consistent• Durability – All writes occur to disk, not memory – A write is only committed once it exists in at least two physical data centers• Availability – Regional Service – Spans multiple AZ’s – All data continuously replicated to multiple AZ’s
  11. 11. Amazon Elastic MapReduce• Aim – Process vast amounts of data• Hosted – Hadoop framework (Clusters) (hive) – EC2 and S3• Examples – Web Indexing, Data mining, Log file analysis
  12. 12. Elastic MapReduce with DynamoDB• Seamless Integration• Complementing technologies• Managing, analysing and monetising Big Data• What it fixes – Cost of admin, maintenance and upfront costs – Effortless scalability
  13. 13. Source/Further Reading• NoSQL Ecosystem – http://blog.nahurst.com/visual-guide-to-nosql-systems• NOSQL: scaling to size and scaling to complexity – http://blogs.neotechnology.com/emil/2009/11/nosql-scaling-to-size-and-scaling-to- complexity.html• Google: MoreSQL is Real – http://williamedwardscoder.tumblr.com/post/16399069781/google-moresql-is-real• Visual Guide to NoSQL Systems – http://blog.nahurst.com/visual-guide-to-nosql-systems• Brewer’s Keynote – http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~brewer/cs262b-2004/PODC-keynote.pdf• Overview of NoSQL – http://youtu.be/sh1YACOK_bo
  14. 14. Source/Further Reading• CAP Theorem – http://mysqlha.blogspot.com.au/2010/04/cap-theorem.html• Plain English Intro to CAP Theorem – http://ksat.me/a-plain-english-introduction-to-cap-theorem/• Availability and Partition Tolerance – http://ksat.me/a-plain-english-introduction-to-cap-theorem/• Nancy Lunch’s 2002 SIGACT paper proving CAP theorm – http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1495&rep=rep1&type=p df• NOSQL for Dummies – http://www.slideshare.net/thobe/nosql-for-dummies

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