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Writing Workshop 5 Handout


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This workshop discusses references and ethical issues (duplicate and salami publishing, IRB, and IACUC).

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Writing Workshop 5 Handout

  1. 1. References <ul><li>Purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Different styles </li></ul><ul><li>References are easy </li></ul>
  2. 2. References <ul><li>Complete citation </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul>
  3. 3. References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of authors(s), editor(s), or institution responsible for writing the book  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full title of book, including any subtitle  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of series and volume number in the series   </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. References <ul><li>Book   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of chapter and page numbers  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edition, if not the original  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of publication  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher's name  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of publication </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. References <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul>
  6. 6. References <ul><li>Periodical article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of author(s)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of article  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of periodical  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume number and issue number  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusive pages </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. References <ul><li>Cite only published material </li></ul><ul><li>Three basic styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author-year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number from alphabetical list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number in order of citation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><li>IRB/IACUC information </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Redundant (or duplicate) publication is publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published in print or electronic media. </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Requirements </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ethical Issues <ul><li>“ [Duplicate publishing] . . . occurred in 1998 involving Chest and another journal. It is my intention to disallow this author from publishing in Chest for the next 5 years (it is up to the Editor-in-Chief of the other journal to decide proper reprimand relating to that journal). . . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ethical Issues <ul><li>I may also inform the dean of the involved medical school. . . . Chest will not be a passive vehicle for padding one’s curriculum vitae. Duplicate publication is unethical, immoral, and illegal once copyright has been assigned to the first journal to publish the work.” </li></ul><ul><li>A. Jay Block, editor. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstracts and posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration among different disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting same subjects/results in different articles without reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding data points with no significant change in results </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul><ul><li>“ The author must always make a full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports (including meeting presentations and posting of results in registries) that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ethical Issues <ul><li>Salami publishing (or LPU) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slices data/interpretations into several publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiplies entire publication process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wastes resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dilutes history/significance of work </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Ethical Issues <ul><li>IRB/IACUC information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State clearly in Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helsinki Accords of 1975 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Next Week <ul><li>Getting published </li></ul><ul><li>Review process </li></ul>