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Writing Workshop 4 Handout

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This workshop discusses tables and figures.

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Writing Workshop 4 Handout

  1. 1. Tables and Figures
  2. 2. Tables and Figures <ul><li>Tables: specific numbers, detail </li></ul><ul><li>Figures: trends, detail less important </li></ul><ul><li>Stand alone </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tables and Figures <ul><li>Avoid duplicating information </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tables and Figures Male Female 40 60
  5. 5. Tables and Figures <ul><li>Call out every table, figure in text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focal extrarenal extension, hemorrhage, and necrosis in the lesion were seen only along the needle tract (Fig. 4). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Include tables/figures for editing </li></ul><ul><li>Publication vs. oral presentation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tables <ul><li>Put just a few numbers in text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The study included 40 rats and 50 mice. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Tables <ul><li>Understand journal’s style conventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules (horizontal/vertical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbering (Roman or Arabic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Footnote symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalization </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Tables <ul><li>Group data logically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wording </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbols </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Tables <ul><li>List all titles on single sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Put each table on separate page </li></ul><ul><li>Standard conditions, information in heading or footnote </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tables Animals Cost Pigs $100 ea. Dogs $50 ea. Cats $40 ea. Animals Cost ($/ea.) Pigs 100 Dogs 50 Cats 40
  11. 11. Tables <ul><li>Give only consistent, significant figures </li></ul>Item Amount A 1.234 B 1.2345 C 1.234 D 1.23456
  12. 12. Figures <ul><li>Decrease in BP </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in BP </li></ul>Time (h) Old Drug New Drug 1 120/70 120/70 2 115/72 102/73 3 113/70 94/70 4 110/73 90/70
  13. 13. Figures <ul><li>Two types of figures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary evidence </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Graphs <ul><li>Numerical data made into graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Limit curves to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Article vs. oral presentation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Primary Evidence <ul><li>Photographs, micrographs, X-rays, gels, stains </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive, especially color </li></ul><ul><li>Micrographs difficult to reproduce </li></ul>
  16. 16. Next Week <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duplicate publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salami publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IRB/IACUC </li></ul></ul>

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