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Writing Workshop 2 Handout

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This workshop discusses the parts of a research article (IMRAD).

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Writing Workshop 2 Handout

  1. 1. Research Article (IMRAD)
  2. 2. Research Article <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did you start? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Research Article <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you do? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Research Article <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you find? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Research Article <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it mean? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research Article <ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Tables and Figures </li></ul>
  7. 7. Title <ul><li>Unproductive words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selected  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Study of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Title <ul><li>Avoid cute titles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bromism: Alive in Well </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Abstract <ul><li>Write so it stands alone </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve form of article </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Exclude material not in article </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Be concise </li></ul>
  10. 10. Abstract <ul><li>Structured (clinical studies) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Abstract <ul><li>Structured (clinical studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive (indicative) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Introduction <ul><li>Why did you start? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lit review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different sides of issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study question (hypothesis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose (objective) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Materials and Methods <ul><li>What did you do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What was used? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How much? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How study was done? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion/exclusion criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical tests used </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Materials and Methods <ul><li>What did you do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include exact technical specs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>generic names </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chronological format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid vague citations </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Materials and Methods <ul><li>Avoid vague citations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cells were broken by ultrasonic treatment as previously described (9). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT Cells were broken as previously described (9). </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Results <ul><li>What did you find? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include data (tables, figures) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present representative data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't repeat data </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Discussion <ul><li>What does it mean? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize your results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare/contrast results with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify any weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest future research </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Next Week <ul><li>Grammar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possessives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbreviations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authorship </li></ul>

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