History Of English Language


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A look at how the English language evolves over time, with an eye towards noticing the quirks and rules. Once a student knows that grammar is not arbitrary, they get hungry for learning how and why it is like it is (and remembering some of the rules, and figuring out others).

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History Of English Language

  1. 1. World<br />Referent<br />(outside language)<br />Written Word<br />“cat” or “c - a- t”<br />(transcription of language sound)<br />Spoken Word<br />/kæt/<br />(language sound)<br />
  2. 2. Anglo-Saxon Runic Futhorc<br />Greek Alpha-Beta<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. consonants<br />Hring (ring)<br />Hwīt (white)<br />Cneow (knee)<br />Gnawan (gnaw)<br />Wrītan (write)<br />
  6. 6. I mutation<br />Alteration of certain vowels by suffixes<br />Mann + iz (plural) = manniz = menniz = men<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. 1066<br />William the Conqueror<br />Battle of Hastings<br />Normal Conquests<br />
  9. 9. Influences of English Language<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. minim<br />i, j, m, n u, v<br />m, n develop connecting lines<br />I becomes i<br />J becomes j<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. reduction<br />Hlāf = loaf<br />Weard = ward<br />Hlāf-weard = keeper of the bread<br />Hlāford<br />Laverd<br />Lord<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. . : ,<br />
  16. 16. Great Vowel Shift<br />mi faytack; sue doe oars<br />mi fetak sc do urz<br />mai fit ek so du aurz<br />my feet ache; so do ours<br />
  17. 17. war and far<br />/a/ became rounded after /w/<br />warm, water, wall<br />/a/ &gt; /e/ did not round<br />wager<br />
  18. 18. silent e<br />mad<br />made<br />maddening<br />
  19. 19. Other Factors<br />
  20. 20. At the moment becomes atm<br />Be back soon becomes bbs<br />Because becomes cuz, bcuz, bcz, bcos, bc, cos, coz or bcoz<br />Best friend or Boy friend becomes bf or b/f<br />Best friend(s) for life becomes bffl<br />Best friend(s) forever becomes bff<br />By the way becomes btw<br />Can&apos;t be assed becomes cba<br />Forever becomes 4eva or 4evr<br />For your information becomes fyi<br />Friend becomes frend<br />Got to go becomes g2g or gtg<br />Have a nice day becomes H.A.N.D.<br />Hold on becomes hld on or h/o<br />Homework becomes hw, hwk or hmwk<br />How are you becomes hru<br />I don&apos;t care becomes idc<br />I don&apos;t know becomes idk<br />I do what I want becomes idwiw<br />I love you becomes ily, luv u, ilu, or luvya<br />In my opinion becomes imo<br />In my humble opinion becomes imho<br />Laugh out loud becomes lol<br />Lots of love becomes lol<br />Laughing quietly to myself becomes lqtm<br />Message (as in a text message) becomes msg<br />Never mind becomes nm or nvm (depending on context used)<br />No problem becomes np<br />&quot;No thank you&quot; becomes &quot;nty&quot; or &quot;no ty&quot;<br />Obviously becomes ovvi or obv<br />Of course becomes ovcors or ofc<br />Oh my god becomes omg or (comicly) zomg<br />Parents over shoulder becomes pos<br />Please becomes plz or plez<br />Probably becomes probz, prbly, prolly, or prob<br />Love becomes &lt;3 or luv<br />Peace becomes pce, pece, or / (V sign)<br />Rolling on the floor laughing (out loud) becomes rofl(ol)<br />Something becomes sth, s/t, or sumthin<br />Sorry becomes sry, &quot;soz&quot;, or &quot;sori&quot;<br />