Organic farming...javaid


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Organic farming...javaid

  1. 1. February 8, 2013 JAVAID & ASMA 1
  2. 2. BEFORE GREEN REVOLUTION February 8, 2013 In traditional India only organic farming was practiced. JAVAID & ASMA No chemical fertilizers and pesticides were used. Only organic techniques where natural pesticides and natural manures were obtained from plant and animal products were used. 2
  3. 3. BEFORE GREEN REVOLUTIONCONT. February 8, 2013 During 1950s and 1960s, the ever JAVAID & ASMA increasing population of India lead to a food scarcity.•The government was forced to import food grains from foreign countries. And also forced to increase the food grain production of India to increase the food security . 3
  4. 4. To increase the food grain production February 8, 2013 was introduced in 1960’s JAVAID & ASMA Under the leadership of M.S. Swaminathan… 4
  5. 5. POSITIVE SIDE OF February 8, 2013 GREEN REVOLUTION Increased the Country’s food production JAVAID & ASMA Attained self sufficiency ‘Food deficit’ to ‘food surplus’ Export of food products Higher income 5
  6. 6. NEGATIVE SIDE OF February 8, 2013 GREEN REVOLUTION Reduction in Natural fertility of soil JAVAID & ASMA Destruction of soil structure Erosion and soil loss Killing of beneficial microbes and insects Ground water pollution and depletion Atmospheric pollution 6
  7. 7. February 8, 2013• With introduction of green revolution, use ofchemical fertilizers although contributed 40% of cropproduction, continuous use of chemicals in agriculture JAVAID & ASMAseriously jeopardized the soil health and environment.• The scientists have realized that the ‘GreenRevolution’ with high input use has reached a plateauand is now sustained with diminishing return.• So to maintain the natural balance we have to searchanother alternative method. 7
  8. 8. February 8, 2013One of the alternative method is JAVAID & ASMA FARMING 8
  9. 9. February 8, 2013 What is Organic Farming? JAVAID & ASMAOrganic farming is theproduction of crops andlivestock without the useof synthetic chemicalsand inorganic fertilizers. 9
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES February 8, 2013 To work with natural systems rather than dominating them. JAVAID & ASMA To encourage and enhance the biological cycles. Production of poison-free food for better quality. Maintenance of soil organic matter and soil fertility. Recycling of nutrients. Sustainability and soil health. 10
  12. 12. February 8, 2013BENEFITS JAVAID & ASMASustainable agricultural production,Restoration of soil fertility,Production of quality foods,Avoidance of pollution of soil,Water and air including low cost technology. 12
  13. 13. Supply of nutrientS February 8, 2013 Nutrients are applied through organic manuresincluding JAVAID & ASMA • FYM, • Compost, • Dung of various animals, • Poultry manure, • Green manure and • Crop residues in farm fields. 13
  14. 14. February 8, 2013SUPPLY OF NUTRIENTS THROUGH ORGANICMANURESNITROGEN - N- fixing legumes, animal wastes and by JAVAID & ASMAproducts.PHOSPHORUS - Organic manures – release organic acids – actas chelating agent- P fixation reduced..POTASSIUM - Organic manures –cation exchange capacity .MICRO NUTRIENTS - Organic manures- release organic acids - Itact as a chelating agent - increase the availability of micronutrientssuch as Ca , Mg, S, Mn, Cu and Zn. 14
  15. 15. February 8, 2013DiSADVAntAGeS of orGAniCfArMinG JAVAID & ASMALOWER PRODUCTIVITY An organic farm cannot produce as much yield as a conventional orindustrialized farm.REQUIRES SKILL An organic farmer requires greater understanding of his crop 15
  16. 16. ORGANIC FARMING AND CHEMICAL FARMING February 8, 2013Both having it’s own advantages and disadvantages…Now it becomes a great debatable question whether to use organic orinorganic farming. JAVAID & ASMAWith the increase in population our compulsion wouldbe not only to stabilize agricultural production but toincrease it further in sustainable manner. 16
  17. 17. POLICY RECOMENDATIONS February 8, 2013 The linking of the sources of production to the market for the same. JAVAID & ASMA A concerted effort by the government in the policy level, active participation of the private sector and participation of the general public is needed for boosting the demand for the organic agricultural products. Organic agro products should be included in the price policy of the govt. 17
  18. 18. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS CONT. February 8, 2013 Technology should also be harnessed in a big way to provide this age-old format of JAVAID & ASMA agricultural production with the desired level of improvisation and adaptation. Investment in R&D is must and should be initiated by the govt. Certification procedure should be made simple and affordable for even small and marginal farmers . 18
  19. 19. February 8, 2013 JAVAID & ASMA 19 