Slides by Dr Eoin O'Dell at Copyright Law for Digital Teaching and Learning, May 2014

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Slides by Dr Eoin O'Dell at Copyright Law for Digital Teaching and Learning, May 2014

  1. 1. & Images via http://www.tcd.ie and http://teachingandlearning.ie @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Copyright Teaching Reform Learning Dr Eoin O’Dell, School of Law, TCD Chair, Copyright Review Committee 4
  2. 2. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jobsenterinnov/10571664844/in/photostream/ used by kind permission of DJEI Copyright Review Committee @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  3. 3. Image source: http://pixabay.com/en/flat-food-cake-cartoon-desserts-25430/ Established 9 May 2011 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  4. 4. Terms of Reference Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Codex_Vaticanus_B,_2Thess._3,11-18,_Hebr._1,1-2,2.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  5. 5. Terms of Reference Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Codex_Vaticanus_B,_2Thess._3,11-18,_Hebr._1,1-2,2.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL 1 Examine copyright legislation to identify barriers to innovation 2 Recommend solutions 3 Examine fair use 4 Make EU Recommendations Digital-compliant / tech-neutral
  6. 6. 1 First public meeting (04/07/11) 2 First round of submissions 3 Paper (29/02/12) Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WLANL_-_MicheleLovesArt_-_Van_Gogh_Museum_-_Three_books,_1887.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  7. 7. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf #CRC12 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  8. 8. 4 Second public meeting (24/04/12) 5 Second round of submissions incl online questionnaires 6 Report (01/10/13) Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WLANL_-_MicheleLovesArt_-_Van_Gogh_Museum_-_Three_books,_1887.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  9. 9. Image sources: http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/jod/Picts/cathach.shrine.jpg and http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf #CRC13 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  10. 10. #CRC13 Image sources: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cow_cartoon_04.svg and : http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  11. 11. Image source: http://www.enterprise.gov.ie/en/Publications/CRC-Report.pdf @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  12. 12. 7 Third public meeting (09/12/13) 8 DJEI - “thinking / listening” mode 9 New Act? 2014?? #CRC14 Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WLANL_-_MicheleLovesArt_-_Van_Gogh_Museum_-_Three_books,_1887.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  13. 13. © http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornie/1596598696/ & http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/ & http://www.briarpress.org/684 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  14. 14. Copyright Council Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Victoria_Privy_Council_(Wilke).jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  15. 15. Copyright Council created by the copyright community as an independent self-funding body with a widely representative Board recognised by the Minister supported and underpinned by the Bill Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Victoria_Privy_Council_(Wilke).jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  16. 16. Copyright Council Alternative Dispute Resolution Service Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/6275331005/sizes/o/in/photostream/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  17. 17. Copyright Council Orphan Works Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_kennington_orphans_1885.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  18. 18. Copyright Council Education, Advice, Advocacy Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Victoria_Privy_Council_(Wilke).jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  19. 19. Orphan Works Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/copyrightconsultation.htm @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  20. 20. © http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornie/1596598696/ and http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Printer_in_1568-ce.png @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  21. 21. Rightsowners Did not recommend levies Remove unintended potential perpetual copyright in unpublished works Extend the range of civil remedies, incl - damages - rights of rightsowners to enforce TPMs http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornie/1596598696/ and http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Printer_in_1568-ce.png @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  22. 22. Photographers Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Photographers_by_Augustas_Didzgalvis.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  23. 23. © Image sources: http://www.google.com and http://www.youtube.com @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  24. 24. Orphan Works Image source: http://www.mcgarrsolicitors.ie/2012/05/10/newspaper-licencing-ireland/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  25. 25. Linking not an infringement of copyright … (draft Section 87A(1) CRRA) Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34547181@N00/4309431757/ Linking @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  26. 26. … unless linker knew or ought to have known that it linked to infringing copy (draft Section 87A(2) CRRA) Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_map_1024.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  27. 27. a hyperlink is not enough to constitute communication to the public Paramount v BSkyB [2013] EWHC 3479 (Ch) (13 Nov 2013) [32] (Arnold J) Image sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sky_logo.svg and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paramount_Pictures_logo_(2013).jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  28. 28. a clickable link is a communication but not “to a new public” Svensson v Retriever Sverige AB Case C-466/12 CJEU 13 Feb 2014 [25] Image source: http://books.google.ie/books?id=hxxAAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA385#v=onepage&q&f=false @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  29. 29. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_marshalling Marshalling @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  30. 30. Marshalling Reproduction of a very small snippet of text reasonably adjacent to the link < 160 characters or 2.5% of the work Subject to a cap of 40 words Draft section 87A(3)-(6) CRRA @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_marshalling
  31. 31. © Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  32. 32. UGC Parody Private copying Back-ups Education Disability Consumers Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  33. 33. UGC Parody Private copying Back-ups Education Disability Consumers @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/
  34. 34. Fair dealing Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stow_Horse_Fair_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1576355.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  35. 35. Fair Dealing: Education “the purposes of research or private study” (s50) “in the course of instruction or of preparation for instruction” (s53(1)) “anything done for the purposes of an examination” (s53(5)) Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  36. 36. Fair Dealing: Education Mary scanned Olive’s diagram Sources http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Beta_Negative_Decay.svg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  37. 37. Fair Dealing: Education Mary scanned Olive’s diagram Powerpoint - “instruction” (53(1)) Moodle - “private study” (s50) Assessments - “examination” (53(5)) Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  38. 38. Fair Dealing: Education Images: http://www.ucc.ie http://www.cch.ca/_images/sections/CCH_Logo.gif and http://www.lsuc.on.ca/images/imgLSUCLogo.png [2004] 1 SCR 339, 2004 SCC 13 v @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  39. 39. Fair Dealing: Education “the purposes of education, research or private study (s50)” “in the course of education or of preparation for education” (s53(1)) “illustration for education” (s57) @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif
  40. 40. Fair Dealing: Education Mary took 10min clip from movie. http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif & http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thondon_entertainment.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  41. 41. Fair Dealing: Education Mary took 10min clip from movie. Section 53 doesn’t mention films. Does section 55 (showing film for purposes of instruction) cover it? Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  42. 42. Fair Dealing: Education Mary took 10min clip from movie. If not, would new section 55 (showing film for purposes of education) cover it? If not, would new section 57(1), on illustration for education, cover it? Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  43. 43. Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cow_cartoon_04.svg Distance Learning @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  44. 44. Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cow_cartoon_04.svg Distance Learning @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL not a copyright infringement if (a) an educational establishment communicates a lesson or examination to a student by telecommunication, and (b) the student reproduces it in order to be able to listen to or view it at a more convenient time.
  45. 45. Use of work available on the internet Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cow_cartoon_04.svg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  46. 46. Use of work available on the internet Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cow_cartoon_04.svg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL not a copyright infringement if an educational establishment reproduces or communicates a work that is available through the internet; provided that the reproduction or communication is accompanied by a sufficient acknowledgement.
  47. 47. UGC Parody Private copying Back-ups Education Disability Consumers Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  48. 48. UGC Parody Private copying Back-ups Education Disability Consumers @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/garrettziegler/8218332742/
  49. 49. Section 104 CRRA Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Disability_symbols.svg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  50. 50. A designated body may (a) make a copy of a work for the purpose of modifying that copy to meet the special needs of a person who has a physical or mental disability, and (b) supply that modified copy to that person, … Section 104 CRRA Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Disability_symbols.svg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  51. 51. Reform s104 CRRA to allow for • expanded definition of disability • making single copies for personal use • designated bodies sharing accessible copies • obligations on publishers Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Disability_symbols.svg Disability @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  52. 52. Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled Adopted on 27 June 2013 Image sources: http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en and http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marrakesh_spices.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  53. 53. Contracting parties must adopt provisions to allow for the exchange of these accessible format works across borders by designated bodies http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en & http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marrakesh_spices.jpg & http://www.clker.com/clipart-26936.html #CRC13 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  54. 54. Image source: http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/barnier/headlines/news/2014/04/20140430_en.htm @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL DFA/DJEI: sign “by end of June”
  55. 55. © @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  56. 56. Special innovation exception for works which are substantially different from the original work or substantially transform the original work Draft section 106E CRRA Entrepreneurs @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  57. 57. © Image source: http://www.briarpress.org/684 @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  58. 58. Heritage Archives, Galleries, Libraries, Museums, etc • Format shifting for archival or preservation purposes • Catalogues • Digital deposit @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.briarpress.org/684
  59. 59. Heritage Public lectures (draft Section 69A(2)) The brief and limited display of a reproduction of a work (a) for educational purposes in an educational establishment or other heritage institution constitutes “fair dealing”… @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.briarpress.org/684
  60. 60. Heritage Public lectures (draft Section 69A(2)) The brief and limited display of a reproduction of a work (b) during a public lecture given in an educational establishment or other heritage institution constitutes “fair dealing”… @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.briarpress.org/684
  61. 61. Heritage Public lectures (draft Section 69A(2)) The communication of such a reproduction, through the internet or otherwise, constitutes “fair dealing” @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: http://www.briarpress.org/684
  62. 62. Heritage Public lectures (draft Section 69A(2)) Mary scanned Olive’s diagram for a Powerpoint slide in a lecture; and took a 10min clip from a movie for a lecture. How would 69A(2) apply? @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL http://www.briarpress.org/684 & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Beta_Negative_Decay.svg & http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thondon_entertainment.jpg
  63. 63. Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/St._John%27s_Cathedral%2C_Warsaw_–_Relief_-_06.jpg fair use @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  64. 64. Fair Use: US-style? Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/us.html @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  65. 65. Image sources: http://www.cambridge.org/ and http://www.gsu.edu/ 863 F Supp 2d 1190 (ND Ga, 2012) v @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  66. 66. Fair Use: US-style? @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/us.html
  67. 67. Fair Use: Irish-style @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ie.html
  68. 68. Existing exceptions Examples of fair use Must be considered before getting to fair use analysis Can provide basis of analogy for finding of fair use Fair Use: Irish-style @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ie.html
  69. 69. turns on “such matters as the court considers relevant” including “any or some or all” of up to 9 factors (not just 4 as in US) Fair Use: Irish-style @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ie.html
  70. 70. Analogy with existing exceptions Purpose and character of use - eg non-consumptive or transformative - eg secondary infringement Nature of work Amount and substantiality of use Factors Fair Use: Irish-style @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ie.html
  71. 71. Impact of use on normal commercial exploitation of work Possibility of obtaining work or licence (“sufficient rights”) Interests of owner (Berne) Acknowledgement Factors Fair Use: Irish-style @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Image source: flags of the world http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ie.html
  72. 72. Copyright Council Education, Advice, Advocacy Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Victoria_Privy_Council_(Wilke).jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  73. 73. Fair Dealing: Education Mary took 10min clip from movie. http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif & http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thondon_entertainment.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  74. 74. Mary took 10min clip from movie. If ss53 (fair dealing) and 55 (showing film for instruction/education) don’t apply, and if new ss57(1) (illustration for education) and 69A(2) (lectures) don’t apply, Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Fair Dealing: Education
  75. 75. Fair Use: Education Mary took 10min clip from movie. If ss53 (fair dealing) and 55 (showing film for instruction/education) don’t apply, and if new ss57(1) (illustration for education) and 69A(2) (lectures) don’t apply, could fair use? Image source: http://www.ucc.ie/en/media/siteassets/styleassets/images/logo-web-english.gif @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  76. 76. Image source: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2013/copyright-rules/index_en.htm @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  77. 77. @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL “… formal proposals for legislative reform arising from the [CRC] Report in 2014” (p2) Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/Submission%20from%20Ireland%20EC%20Copyright%20Consultation%20March%202014.pdf
  78. 78. 7 Third public meeting (09/12/13) 8 DJEI - “thinking / listening” mode 9 New Act? 2014?? #CRC14 Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WLANL_-_MicheleLovesArt_-_Van_Gogh_Museum_-_Three_books,_1887.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL 9 New Act, 2014 !! #CRC14
  79. 79. @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Linking & marshalling Education UGC Personal use Format shifting http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/Submission%20from%20Ireland%20EC%20Copyright%20Consultation%20March%202014.pdf & http://www.clker.com/clipart-26936.html
  80. 80. @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Linking & marshalling Education UGC Personal use Format shifting http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/Submission%20from%20Ireland%20EC%20Copyright%20Consultation%20March%202014.pdf & http://www.clker.com/clipart-26936.html
  81. 81. http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/Submission%20from%20Ireland%20EC%20Copyright%20Consultation%20March%202014.pdf & http://www.clker.com/clipart-redx-1.html @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Copyright Council Innovation Heritage Fair Use
  82. 82. Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nothing_stone.jpg @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  83. 83. Image source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/labourparty/5386120714/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL
  84. 84. Image “Rolling Elvi” by Peter Clarke on Flickr. Source: ttp://www.flickr.com/photos/clarkzip/7973863568/
  85. 85. Image “Rolling Elvi” by Peter Clarke on Flickr. Source: ttp://www.flickr.com/photos/clarkzip/7973863568/ Thank you very much Any Questions?
  86. 86. & Images via http://www.tcd.ie and http://teachingandlearning.ie Licence at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ie/ @cearta for @ForumTL at #CopyrightDTL Copyright Teaching Reform Learning Dr Eoin O’Dell, School of Law, TCD Chair, Copyright Review Committee 4

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