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Privacy, Data Protection and SNS <ul><ul><li>Prof. dr. Jeroen van den Hoven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Director...
EXPLODING Personal Data <ul><li>EMPLOYEE MONITORING </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNET SEARCH BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>TELECOMMU...
Privacy <ul><li>Consider an empty restaurant  </li></ul><ul><li>Consider a successful SNS </li></ul><ul><li>Informational ...
Privacy <ul><li>A) recurrent problem (explain) </li></ul><ul><li>B) messy problem (clear up) </li></ul><ul><li>C) real pro...
A. Data greed explained Commodity Prisoners’ Dilemmas; Principal- Agent Public goods Free-riders Negative reasons Customer...
B. Mess: Privacy Accounts <ul><li>Scarcity Account </li></ul><ul><li>Moral self-ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li>...
C. Problem <ul><li>liberalist &. communitarians divided over </li></ul><ul><li>conception of the liberal self: </li></ul><...
Normative principles of DATA PROTECTION  (EU 95 Directive) <ul><li>notification </li></ul><ul><li>participation </li></ul>...
Conceptualizing “privacy”  <ul><li>privacy (USA) vs. data-protection (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>reconstruction in terms of mor...
Moral grounds for data-protection <ul><li>1. Preventing harm </li></ul><ul><li>2. Establishing transparency, fairness and ...
Importance of Design <ul><li>Privacy by Design </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy Enhancing Technology (PET) </li></ul><ul><li>Busi...
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Privacy, Data Protection and SNS

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Exploding personal data and a troubled conceptualization of privacy have made informational privacy a recurrent, messy and real problem. Van den Hoven presents a new conceptualization for privacy that is more adequate at addressing these problems.
www.privacyinsocialnetworksites.nl

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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Privacy, Data Protection and SNS

  1. 1. Privacy, Data Protection and SNS <ul><ul><li>Prof. dr. Jeroen van den Hoven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Director 3TU Centre Ethics and Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor Delft University of Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professorial Fellow Australian National University </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. EXPLODING Personal Data <ul><li>EMPLOYEE MONITORING </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNET SEARCH BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>TELECOMMUNICATION </li></ul><ul><li>VEHICLE REGISTRATION SYSTEMS </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNET OF THINGS </li></ul><ul><li>PAYMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>CCTV IN PUBLIC PLACES </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>HOMELAND SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>POPULATION REGISTRATION </li></ul><ul><li>SNS </li></ul><ul><li>AMBIENT ASSISTED LIVING </li></ul><ul><li>PROFILES </li></ul><ul><li>COOKIES </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY IN DATA BASES </li></ul><ul><li>RFID </li></ul>
  3. 3. Privacy <ul><li>Consider an empty restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Consider a successful SNS </li></ul><ul><li>Informational (tort privacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Decisional (constitutional) </li></ul><ul><li>What is personal data? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Referential (identity based) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attributive (attribute based) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Privacy <ul><li>A) recurrent problem (explain) </li></ul><ul><li>B) messy problem (clear up) </li></ul><ul><li>C) real problem (understand) </li></ul>
  5. 5. A. Data greed explained Commodity Prisoners’ Dilemmas; Principal- Agent Public goods Free-riders Negative reasons Customer relations pro-active service Positive reasons Market Government Accumulation of Personal data
  6. 6. B. Mess: Privacy Accounts <ul><li>Scarcity Account </li></ul><ul><li>Moral self-ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Personal sphere/zone </li></ul><ul><li>Property </li></ul><ul><li>Human dignity </li></ul><ul><li>Utilitarian </li></ul>
  7. 7. C. Problem <ul><li>liberalist &. communitarians divided over </li></ul><ul><li>conception of the liberal self: </li></ul><ul><li>“unencumbered, punctual, un-situated” </li></ul><ul><li>individual rights, privacy, autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>community/corporation needs: information, surveillance, monitoring </li></ul>
  8. 8. Normative principles of DATA PROTECTION (EU 95 Directive) <ul><li>notification </li></ul><ul><li>participation </li></ul><ul><li>purpose specification </li></ul><ul><li>use limitation </li></ul><ul><li>security </li></ul><ul><li>accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul><ul><li>informed consent (Central Principle of Data Protection) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conceptualizing “privacy” <ul><li>privacy (USA) vs. data-protection (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>reconstruction in terms of moral reasons for data-protection </li></ul><ul><li>Why establish data-protection regimes, norms, habits which put autonomy/informed consent and other constraints (95 Dir) center stage? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Moral grounds for data-protection <ul><li>1. Preventing harm </li></ul><ul><li>2. Establishing transparency, fairness and equality of opportunity/arms in market for personal data </li></ul><ul><li>3.Respecting Informational Justice: Separation of spheres of access (Walzer) </li></ul><ul><li>4.Respecting Moral autonomy </li></ul>
  11. 11. Importance of Design <ul><li>Privacy by Design </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy Enhancing Technology (PET) </li></ul><ul><li>Business Process Redesign (BPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Specified in the form of: </li></ul><ul><li>Deontic constraints on information relations, information actions, implemented in software and architectures </li></ul>

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