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ESCOs for industry in italy

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The presentation about ESCOs with a focus on industrial activities in Italy illustrated at the JRC workshop "Energy Services Market in the EU" held in Brussels. The topics discussed are the blurred definition of ESCO, the Italian situation on this respect, the UNI CEI 11352 certification, the main characteristics of the industrial sector, some survey data about the ESCOs market, and the link with support schemes and in particular with the white certificate scheme.

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ESCOs for industry in italy

  1. 1. ESCO business in the industrial sector in Italy Dario Di Santo, FIRE Brussels, 22 October 2015
  2. 2. 2 www.fire-italia.org The Italian Federation for the Rational use of Energy is a no-profit association founded in 1987 that promotes energy efficiency, supporting energy manager, ESCOs and other companies dealing with energy. Besides the activities directed to its nearly 450 members, FIRE operates under an implementing agreement with the Ministry of Economic Development to manage the Italian energy manager network since 1992. In order to promote energy efficiency FIRE cooperates and deals with public authorities, energy technology and service companies, consultants, medium and large consumers, universities and associations to promote best practices and improve the legislation. FIRE manages SECEM - an accredited body - to certify the Energy management experts according to the standard UNI CEI 11339. FIRE: the association for energy efficiency
  3. 3. 3 445 members in 2014, 228 persons and 217 organizations. FIRE: the association for energy efficiency Some members of FIRE: A2A calore e servizi S.r.l. - ABB S.p.a. - Acea S.p.a. - Albapower S.p.a. - Anigas - Atlas Copco S.p.a. - Avvenia S.r.l. - AXPO S.p.a. - Banca d’Italia - Banca Popolare di Sondrio - Bit Energia S.r.l. - Bosh Energy and Building Solution Italy S.r.l. - Bticino S.p.a. - Burgo Group S.p.a. - Cabot Italiana S.p.a. - Carraro S.p.a. - Centria S.p.a. - Certiquality S.r.l. - Cofely Italia S.p.a. - Comau S.p.a. - Comune di Aosta - CONI Servizi S.p.a. - CONSIP S.p.a. - Consul System S.p.a. - CPL Concordia Soc. Coop - Comitato Termotecnico Italiano - DNV S.r.l. - Egidio Galbani S.p.a. - ENEL Distribuzione S.p.a. - ENEL Energia S.p.a. - ENEA - ENI S.p.a. - Fenice S.p.a. - Ferriere Nord S.p.a. - Fiat Group Automobiles - Fiera Milano S.p.a. - FINCO - FIPER - GSE S.p.a. - Guerrato S.p.a. - Heinz Italia S.p.a. - Hera S.p.a. - IBM Italia S.p.a. - Intesa Sanpaolo S.p.a. - Iren Energia e Gas S.p.a. - Isab s.r.l. - Italgas S.p.a. - Johnson Controls Systems and Services Italy S.r.l. - Lidl Italia s.r.l. - Manutencoop Facility Management S.p.a. - Mediamarket S.p.a. - M&G Polimeri Italia - Omron Electronics S.p.a. - Pasta Zara S.p.a. - Pirelli Industrie Pneumatici S.p.a. - Politecnico di Torino - Provincia di Cremona - Publiacqua S.p.a. - Raffineria di Milazzo S.c.p.a. - RAI S.p.a. - Rete Ferroviaria Italiana S.p.a. - Rockwood Italia S.p.a. - Roma TPL S.c.a.r.l. - Roquette Italia S.p.a. - RSE S.p.a. - Sandoz Industrial Products S.p.a. - Schneider Electric S.p.a. - Siena Ambiente S.p.a. - Siram S.p.a. - STMicroelectronics S.p.a. - TIS Innovation Park - Trenitalia S.p.a. - Turboden S.p.a. - Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma - Università Cattolica Sacro Cuore - Università degli studi di Genova - Varem S.p.A. - Wind Telecomunicazioni S.p.a. - Yousave S.p.a. Our membership include organization and professionals both from the supply and the demand side of energy efficiency services and solutions.
  4. 4. 4 4 FIRE: the association for energy efficiency Besides being involved in many European projects, listed next, FIRE implement surveys and market studies on energy related topics, information and dissemination campaigns, and advanced training. Some of FIRE clients over the years: Ministry of Environment, ENEA, GSE, RSE, large organizations (such as Centria, ENEL, Ferrovie dello Stato, FIAT, Finmeccanica, Galbani, H3G, Telecom Italia, Unioncamere), universities, associations, energy agencies and exhibition organizers. www.fire-italia.org
  5. 5. 5 www.secem.eu SECEM SECEM, European System for Certification in Energy Management, is a certification body created by the FIRE. SECEM was the first body to offer third-party certification for Energy Management Experts (EMEs) according to UNI CEI 11339 and is accredited according to the ISO/IEC 17024 standard. In Italy two standards were developed in order to promote the qualification of energy efficiency operators: UNI CEI 11339 for EMEs was issued in 2009, UNI CEI 11352 for ESCOs was published in 2010. A new standard for energy auditor is presently under preparation. Both the mentioned standards are recognized from the national legislation within the energy audit obligations for large companies introduced by the EED directive and the white certificate scheme.
  6. 6. ESCOs and other EE suppliers 6 Energy efficiency project Energy intensive industries Non energy intensive industries Service sector Public administration Residential sector Energy suppliers Companies involved in building renovation Installers ESCOs Technologies producers Large-scale distribution Source: FIRE. D E M A N D S U P P L Y Cooperatives All business models and sales chains need to be developed to effectively expand the energy efficiency market.
  7. 7. ESCO: the European definition 7 Technology providers Bank End-user ESCO ESCO financing Energy savings Source: FIRE End-user financing Bill savings Financing Service fee Energy service Characteristics of an ESCO: offer of energy services; guarantee of performance; third party financing. ESCO (directive 2006/32/EC): a natural or legal person that delivers energy services and/or other energy efficiency improvement measures in a user's facility or premises, and accepts some degree of financial risk in so doing. The payment for the services delivered is based (either wholly or in part) on the achievement of energy efficiency improvements and on the meeting of the other agreed performance criteria.
  8. 8. ESCO: two definitions in Italy 8 EPC+FTT +integrated approach Energy service providers ≈125 certified UNI CEI 11352 ≈4,500 accredited ≈1,000 active UNI CEI 11352 Starting from July 2016 ESCOs will have to be certified to access WhC and thermal account. Most of the certified ESCOs were recognized under the 2010 edition of the UNI CEI 11352 standard. From 2014 on at least one case study of EPC and TPF is a mandatory requirement.
  9. 9. UNI CEI 11352: certification of ESCOs These are the contents of the UNI CEI 11352:2014 standard: 1. Scope 2. Normative references 3. Terms and definitions 4. General requirements 5. Checklist for the verification of the requirements Appendix A: checklist for the verification of the skills. Appendix B: minimum requirements of ESCOs’ energy service supply. 9 43
  10. 10. UNI CEI 11352: certification of ESCOs 4.1 General requirements ESCO shall: 1. Offer energy efficiency services according to the EN 15900 standard. 2. Carry on the activities listed at point 4.2. 3. Possess the capacity reported by the Standard. 4.  Provide contractual guarantees of energy efficiency improvements, with the assumption of the risks associated with the failure to meet agreed targets. Any part of the risks (technical and financial) not assumed by the ESCO must be contractually defined. 5.  Link the remuneration of the activities and services provided to the improvement of energy efficiency and the achievement of the minimum performance established by contract. 6. Guarantee to the customer the availability of the data measured during the service. 10 48
  11. 11. 4.2 Activities to be offered by the ESCO Mandatory activities: energy audits;    verification of compliance of plants and works legislation;    feasibility studies and techno-economic analysis;    intervention planning and preparation of the technical specifications;    installation, commissioning and testing;    management and conduct of operations to ensure maximum performance;    maintenance interventions;    monitoring and verification of fuel consumption and performance;    periodic reports to the client, inclusive of indirect aspects (e.g. water consumption);    support for access to financing and incentives;    user training and information for staff;    energy certification of buildings (if consistent with the scope of business). Optional activities: financing of the project; purchase of energy sources connected to the provided service; exploitation of renewable energy sources; optimization of supply contracts for energy carriers. 11 51 UNI CEI 11352: certification of ESCOs
  12. 12. 4.3 Skills Skills are needed to carry on the activities at point 4.2: 4.3.2 Organization 4.3.3 Energy audit 4.3.4 Design 4.3.5 Management 4.3.6 Economic and financial 12 56 UNI CEI 11352: certification of ESCOs
  13. 13. Final energy consumption in industry - 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 Metallurgy Mechanical Chemical Construc>on materials Food and tobacco Paper and prin>ng Glass and ceramics Tex>les and clothing Other manufacturing Petrolchemical Non metalliferous minerals Construc>on industry Mining and extrac>ve industry ktoe Industrial final energy consump5on Total final consump5on: 30.2 Mtoe Source: FIRE on MSE data 13 23,6% 13,3% 12,5% 11,6% 9,0% 8,6% 7,8% 4,0% 3,2% 2,9% 2,5% 1% 0,4% Industrial final energy consump4on Total final consump4on: 30.2 Mtoe Metallurgy Mechanical Chemical Construc?on materials Food and tobacco Paper and prin?ng Glass and ceramics Tex?les and clothing Other manufacturing Petrolchemical Non metalliferous minerals Construc?on industry Mining and extrac?ve industry Source: FIRE on MSE data Manufacturing enterprises: 425,000 Energy intensive enterprises: ≈3,000
  14. 14. Electricity and thermal energy uses 14 0,0 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 Metallurgy Mining and extrac9ve industry Non metalliferous minerals Mechanical Food and tobacco Tex9les and clothing Construc9on materials Glass and ceramics Chemical Petrolchemical Paper and prin9ng Other manufacturing Construc9on industry Heat to electricity ra,o (FIRE on na,onal energy balance 2012 data) Source: FIRE on MSE data Electricity: 9.4 Mtoe Thermal energy: 18.8 Mtoe Source: FIRE on MiSE data.
  15. 15. Energy efficiency role in industry 15 Energy efficiency has had a big impact on energy consumption in industry, in particular from 2004 on. When the activities fall, industry reduces EE projects for lack of resources and concerns for the core business. -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 Mtep 2000-2012 energy consump3on decomposi3on for Italian industry Varia-on consump-on Ac-vity Structure Value of products Energy savings Other Source: FIRE on Odyssee-Mure data. 74% of energy consumption reduction is due to energy efficiency, according to Odyssee-Mure data. -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Mtep Annual trend of different contribu3ons to final energy consump3on Varia1on consump1on Ac1vity Energy savings Other Structure Value of products Source: FIRE on Odyssee-Mure data. 0.27-0.80 Mtoe of annual energy savings over 2010-2012 according to Odyssee-Mure VS 1.7-2.0 Mtoe annual savings linked to white certificates for industrial projects over 2013-2014.
  16. 16. Some data from surveys Source: FIRE survey 2008. 16 Most ESCOs are start- ups and small or micro enterprises (not considering eventual partners and linked enterprises). Most ESCOs cover the industrial sector and the vast majority are owned by private capitals.
  17. 17. Some data from surveys 17 Source: FIRE survey 2008. Cogeneration and RES are the most supplied solutions. 84% of the ESCOs don’t offer an integrated service. TPF is used by one third of the i n t e r v i e w e d enterprises.
  18. 18. Some data from surveys 18 Type of group/autonomous enterpriseUNI CEI 11352 certification Bank Technology provider Energy service provider ESCOs dimension as revenues (2013)Business model (type of ESCO) Source: CESEF 2015.
  19. 19. Some data from surveys Source: ENEA 2015, CESEF 2015. 19 Turnover, EBITDA, profits (2013) Average registered capital 76,7% 23,2% 0,1% ESCOs' revenues per sector Source: FIRE on ENEA's data Civil sector Industry Agricolture
  20. 20. Some data from surveys Source: CESEF 2015. 20 Capital/ employee Approved WhC projects Even if this chart gives a limited picture (EE can be deployed outside WhC and high capital/employee is not necessarily a good thing), it shows the need of structured and capitalized ESCOs.
  21. 21. Energy efficiency incentives in Italy 21 White certificates (WhC) Tax deductions 50% e 65% RES incentives (D.M. 6 luglio 2012) Heat account Other options (Elena, Jessica, EEEF, structural funds, local funds, etc.) Source: FIRE. CHP: high efficiency cogeneration DH: district heating RES: renewable energy sources EEEF: European energy efficiency fund Energy efficiency Thermal RES Electrical RESCHP-DH All the national incentives allow ESCOs to present projects. Their role is particularly strong within WhC.
  22. 22. Energy efficiency incentives in Italy 22 0 200.000 400.000 600.000 800.000 1.000.000 1.200.000 1.400.000 1.600.000 0 1.000.000 2.000.000 3.000.000 4.000.000 5.000.000 6.000.000 7.000.000 8.000.000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Savings related to new projects (toe) Total savings (toe) Breakdown of issued WhC by saving evalua?on methodology Deemed savings projects Simplified monitoring projects Monitoring plan projects New deemed savings projects New simplified monitoring projects New monitoring plan projects Source: FIRE on GSE data. Source: FIRE on GSE data. Almost 80% of WhC comes from industrial savings. Around 80% are assessed based on on-site measurements. Almost 96% of the proposals in 2014 were presented by ESCOs.
  23. 23. Examples of projects presented by ESCOs 23 MULTISECTORAL PROJECTS PRODUCTION OF NITROGEN ON-SITE HEAT RECOVERY EXCHANGER FOR USE IN THE PROCESS HEAT RECOVERY EXCHANGER FOR USE OUT OF PROCESS HEAT RECOVERY WITH SAVING COMPRESSOR CHILLER WITH MAGNETIC LEVITATION REFRIGERATOR WITH MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS PLC TRACTION BATTERY FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES MANAGEMENT OF CENTRAL AIR WITH DEDICATED SOFTWARE TREATMENT WITH SOLVENTS COMBUSTOR recuperative CERAMIC HEATING ROOMS WITH RADIANT STRIPS LED INDUSTRIAL LIGHT AND REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEMS In 2015 FIRE produced a study with typical industrial EE projects that got WhC.
  24. 24. Examples of projects presented by ESCOs 24 SECTOR MONOSECTORIAL PROJECTS FOOD PASTEURIZATION WITH RADIO FREQUENCY DESCENDING FILM EVAPORATION AND CONTINUOUS CRYSTALLIZATION ROTARY COMPRESSED AIR DRYIER DRUM LIME WOOD BIOMASS OVEN PAPER EFFICIENCY OF CONTINOUS PAPER MACHINE RECOVERY FROM FIBER PRODUCTION TETRAPACK TISSUE CEMENT USE OF SECONDARY SOLID FUELS (RDF) AS PARTIAL SUBSTITUTION FOR FOSSIL FUELS CONTINUOUS PARTICLE-SIZE ANALYZER FREE LIME IN CLINKER CERAMIC / BRICKS OVEN FOR TILES COOKING WITH HEAT RECOVERY CHEMISTRY REACTOR FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON MANUFACTURING INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION OF POLYMERS: PET BARRIER RUBBER / PLASTICS RECOVERY OF HEAT GENERATED BY MECHANICAL FRICTION IN TIRES PROFILING BUBBLE EXTRUDER FOR PLASTIC FILMS WORKING NON METALLIC MATERIALS (MARBLE, STONE, DIAMOND CUT WIRE PETROCHEMICAL RECOVERY OF GAS TORCH WITH COMPRESSOR LIQUID RING LAUNDRY-SERVICES INDUSTRY MACHINE WITH PROCESS ELECTROLYTIC BATCH WASHER STEEL INDUSTRY ENERGY EFFICIENT MELTING FURNACE PRINTING / GRAPHICS ROTARY MACHINE TELECOMMUNICATIO NS ENERGY EFFICIENT RADIO BASES TEXTILE HEAT RECOVERY ON DRYING MACHINE TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT OF WASHING FOR AIRCRAFT ENGINES AUXILIARY SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY ON AIRPLANES GLASS EFFICIENCY OF THE MELTING FURNACE FOR GLASS Most projects were presented by ESCOs that acted as consultants, supporting the end-user in delivering the EE project.
  25. 25. Conclusions 25 Support schemes can have an important role in ESCOs development. EPC is a key factor for developing TPF and EE. Some consideration on the topic of ESCO in industry: in the next years all the active ESCOs will be certified UNI CEI 11352; most of the energy service company presently active in the Italian market don’t implement EPC and this reduces third party financing possibilities, especially with small and insufficiently capitalized ESCOs; consultant companies that were able to enter the WhC scheme in the first years have been able to rise dramatically their capital and revenues, becoming in many cases ESCOs and being able to use the collected know-how to support other industries in designing and implementing new EE projects; many EE projects in industry are related to the production process; in recent years some EPC and TPF projects not linked with cogeneration, RES, or “simple” EE projects (electricity motors, compressed air, etc.) started to be proposed and implemented in industry; it is important to support the diffusion of EPC in industry and M&V protocols like IPMVP can help. FIRE is now the Italian partner of EVO.
  26. 26. Thank you! www.facebook.com/FIREenergy.manager www.linkedin.com/company/fire-federazione- italiana-per-l'uso-razionale-dell'energia www.twitter.com/FIRE_ita For more information about our activities visit our web site! www.dariodisanto.com

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