This presentation is one of the most important topics in MINI YAPAK of the Prelature of Infanta and has been presented for the MSK (BEC) Leaders of John Paul II Village, Brgy Agos Agos, Infanta, Quezon Philippines
I. DyadII. Pahayag ni PedroIII. Kasaysayan ng kaligtasanIV. Palestine sa Panahon ni JesusV. 2 Essentials of JesusVI. Pananalig kay Jesus1. Sino si Jesus para sa akin?2. Kanino ko nalaman ang tungkol sa kanya.
BCC PR A AE B J 2012 RA R A J OT A C E UI H O S SO A B S IN M E MARIA 12 alagad (Pablo ay di Akasama sa mga alagad)ISR A.D.AELHistoricalTheologicalTruth
Nakilala ni Jesus kung sino ang kailangangbigyan ng priority:(D U K H A)
*Kaparangan * Mga hayop * Lawa/karagatan*Trabaho * Mga produkto * Templo/buwisSentro ng ekonomiya
Nang panahon ni Jesus ang Templo ang sentro ngekonomiya ng Bansang Israel
TEMPLO o ESTADONG PALESTINOAng yaman ng kanayunan ng Palestina aynahuhuthot TEMPLO sa pamamagitan ng :1) Didrachma para sa Templo;2) Ikapu para sa mga pari;3) Mga kagastusan ng mga indibidwal at mgapamilya sa mga kapistahan sa JerusalemSURPLUS
Back ground:Sinakop ng mga ROMANO angPalestina noong 63 B.C. (The Romanscolonized Palestine in 63 BC)
The Romans made Herod(know as Herod the great)king of the JewsJesus was born during thereigh of this Herod (4 B.C.by calculation)
Namatay si Herodes athinati niya ang kaniyangkaharian sa kaniyangtatlong mga anak nalalaki:1.Herod Archelaus –Judea & Samaria2.Herod Antipas –Galilee & Paraea3.Herod Philip –most northernly regions
• Herod the Great died ofintestinal cancer and dropsyin 4 BC. His sons lackedtheir father’s ability andambitions, and wereallocated separate parts ofPalestine:• Archelaus became ethnarchof Judea, Samaria, andIdumea;• Herod Philip tetrarch ofIturea, Trachonitis,Gaulanitis, Auranitis andBatanea;• Herod Antipas tetrarch ofGalilee and Perea.
Archelaus was unableto cope with therestless discontentof the people.
Pinatalsik ng mga Romanosi Archelaus.Nagtalaga sila ng RomanongProkurador na siyangpasimula ng direktangpamamahalang Romano.Si Hesus noon ay 12 taonggulang.
People were restless.Issue: TAXATIONTRIBUTUM ANNONAL PUBLICUMITO AY PERSONAL NABUWIS NA UMAABOT SA ¼O 25% NG ANI(PERSONAL TAX, REACHING¼ OF THE HARVEST)BUWIS NA MAAARINGBAGAY O PAGLALAAN NGPAGGAWA PARA SA MGASUNDALO(A TAX IN KIND OR LABOURFOR THE ARMY)MGA BAYARIN AT MGABUWIS(RATES AND TAXES)Source: International Federation of Institutes forSocial and Socio-Religious Research (Feres)RELIGION AND DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA, 1976
The Jews objected onreligious ground and rose upin rebellion.Judas the Galilean, crucifiedabout 12,000 rebels
= The Jews called them Zealots= The Romans called them bandits.= Underground movement; loosely organized;sometimes break up to factions.= For 60 yrs. continued to harass the Romansarmy with sporadic uprisings.
= Essentially religious in inspiration andpurpose.= Believed Israel was a theocracy, that theywere God’s chosen nation. He was their Kingtheir only Lord and Master. That their landLord and resources belong to Him alone.= To accept Romans an act of unfaithfulness toGod. To pay taxes to Ceasar was to give Ceasarwhat belonged to God.
B. The Pharishees:= No quarrels with Zealots on tax issue.= 6,000 Pharishees refuse to sign,oathof allegiance to Ceasar.= Believed God had abandoned themto the Roman yoke because of Israel’sunfaithfulness to the law and thetraditions of the Father.= Paid their taxes to Rome underprotest.
The Pharishees= “The separated ones”. Morality waslegalistic and bourgeois, a matter ofreward and punishment. God loveand rewarded those who kept thelaw and hated, and punished thosewho did not.= Believed in an after – life in theresurrection of the dead and infuture Messiah whom God wouldsend to liberate from the Romans.
C. The Essenes= Went very further than the Pharisees in their striving forperfection.= Separated themselves completely from society and went tolive celibated and ascetic life in camps in the desert.More concerned aboutthe ritual purity, afraidof contamination bythe wicked andunclean world.
= Observed daily andmeticulously the riteof purification= Reject everyone whodid not belongs totheir sect.= Love and respect werereserved for themembers of theirgroup.
= They were alone the faithful remnant of Israel.= The Romans; first of the sons of darkness to bedestroyed= Joined the Zealots in 66 A.D. against the Romans.= Belief that the end ofthe world is near.They prepare for thecoming of theMessiah, and thegreat war in whichthey as sons of lightwould destroy thesons of darkness, thearmies of Satan.
D. The Sadducees= Conservatives, clung to themost ancient. Hebrewtraditions are rejected allnovelties of belief and ritual.= The after-life andresurrection of the deadwere regarded as novelties.= Reward and punishmentwere to be found in this life.
The SadducceesMembers of the wealthyaristocracy: chief priest andelder. Chief priests were aspecial class of priests.They not only offeredsacrifices like other priests,but were also responsiblefor the organization andadministration of theTemple. Priesthood washeridetary.The elders were the lay nobility, the oldaristocratic families who owned most of the land.
E.= In the midst of these religio-political movements , a manstood out as a sign ofcontradiction.= Different precisely because hewas a prophet. There hadbeen no prophet in Israel fora very long time. Spirit of theprophecy had beenquenched. God was silent.= Silence was broke by the voiceof John the Baptist in thewilderness.
His style of life,his way ofspeaking and hismessage, were aconscious revivalof the traditions ofthe Prophets.
= His message: God willintervene in the history.“The one who is to come” isnow standing ready withhis axe or his winnowingfan.“He will baptize you withthe Holy Spirit and withfire.”= Appealed to the sinners,prostitutes, tax collectorsand soldiers as well asScribes and Pharisees.
104, Jensen’s Survey of the New Testament, Irving L. Jensen
ANG BUHAY NG MESIYASThe Life of the MessiahReference OutlinePreparation Public Ministry SacrificeObscurity Popularity OppositionGalilean LaterThe 30 Years OpeningEventsJudaean First Period Second Period Third Period JudaeanPeraeanClosingEventsThe 40 DaysMk 1:1-131:14 - 3:6 3:7 – 7:23 7:24 - 9:50 10:1-52 11:1 -15:4716:1-20Matt 1:1 - 2:23 3:1 - 4:11 4:12 - 12:14 12:15 – 15:20 15:21 - 18:35 19:1 - 20:34 21:1 -27:5628:1-20Lk 1:1 - 2:52 3:1 - 4:13 4:14 - 6:11 6:12 – 9:17 9:18-50 9:51 - 19:28 19:28 -23:5624:1-53Jn1:1-181:19 -2:122:13 -4:424:43 - 5:47 6:1-71 7:1-9 7:10 - 12:11 12:12 -19:4220:1 - 21:25p122, The Unfolding Drama of Redemption Vol 2, W. Graham Scroggie, D.D.