The World Bank
Working for A World Free of Poverty
Vision        overcome poverty
                enhance growth
Globalization    create opportunity & hope




             ...
WORLD BANK THEMES
 1. The poorest countries
 2. Post-conflict and fragile states
 3. Middle-income countries
 4. Global pu...
Millennium Development Goals




                         World Bank
                         A World Free of Poverty
Millennium Development Goals

  Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  Goal 2: Achieve universal primary educatio...
IBRD   The International Bank for
       Reconstruction and Development




        IDA        The International
         ...
The World Bank
The World Bank in
Working for A World Free of Poverty   CHINA
THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD
THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD
Purpose: RAPIDLY develop agriculture SIMULTANEOUSLY with industry
   Method: “People’s communes” in...
China under Mao Zedong




                         World Bank
                         A World Free of Poverty
Result of the Great Leap Forward
 1.   Shortage of Food
 2.   Shortage of Raw Materials
 3.   Overproduction of Poor-Quali...
China After Mao:
    Deng Xiaping
 1978: prompts drastic
 reforms after becoming the
 de facto leader of the
 People’s Rep...
The Five Pillars
1. Integrate China into the world economy
2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion
3. Resource...
9   percent GDP growth per year
400 million people out of poverty
3rd largest trading nation
4th largest economy




 Worl...
World Bank-Supported
      Projects & Programs




World Bank
A World Free of Poverty
The Five Pillars
1. Integrate China into the world economy
2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion
3. Resource...
World Bank
A World Free of Poverty
IBRD                    The International Bank for
                                                      Reconstruction an...
more than 135 million people living on less than $1 a day




                                             World Bank
    ...
Challenges of China
                    as a MIDDLE INCOME country

     1. A growing but still weak civil society
     2....
from LENDER to CONSULTANT
                          the provider of economic analysis,
               policy advice, techn...
CHINA DEVELOPMENT
      MARKETPLACE
               bottom-up development IDEAS
          address development CHALLENGES
mo...
INNOVATIVE ideas on
  how to best reduce poverty

$1.17 million   were awarded to
the 50 most INNOVATIVE projects




 Wor...
Globalization: Wind Power in Pingtan Island
                          Using GLOBAL technology for
                        ...
Call for a Green China
     A Global Environmental Event




                      World Bank
                      A Worl...
International conferences with a unique, global, environmental
                 awareness-raising CULTURAL PERFORMANCE



...
“ Today, well over 60 percent World Bank
   Group-financed projects and activities
   include a strong focus on the enviro...
The Five Pillars
1. Integrate China into the world economy
2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion
3. Resource...
The Five Pillars
1. Integrate China into the world economy
2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion
3. Resource...
The World Bank in
Working for A World Free of Poverty   GHANA
GHANA
                              Location: West Africa
                      Population: 22,532,600 people (2006)
     ...
The World Bank in Ghana
1. POVERTY REDUCTION and SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
2. SOLUTIONS in dealing with special CHALLENGES OF POS...
International Development Association (IDA)
        QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA

                     53 years of invested time...
International Development Association (IDA)
            QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA

 About 6-7 percent economic
  growth since...
International Development Association (IDA)
            QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA



They have provided money
for almost 200 c...
SANITATION AND WATER
500,000 people have been provided water-giving services
        50,000 people with sanitation ameniti...
ENERGY
Akosombo and Kpong dams and power plants
  Repair transmission system
  Electricity access is 55 percent




    ...
EDUCATION
                           National enrollment at 95 percent
                           Gender equality
      ...
HEALTH
50 percent have health insurance




 World Bank
 A World Free of Poverty
AGRICULTURE AND DEPLETION
 Ghana’s economy: heavily
  dependent on natural
  resources therefore causing
  major depletio...
COMMUNITY SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOs)
                          Look out for the good of the country,
                   ...
OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS….
                           “Public Information Center and
                            Developme...
CONCLUSION
 Major contributors financially
 Cooperation
 Holistic approach
 Long-term focus




                      ...
The World Bank in
Working for A World Free of Poverty   YEMEN
YEMEN (The Republic of Yemen)
                Location: Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia
                   Population:...
The Safe Childhood Center
The Social Fund for Development (SFD): a Yemeni development
agency established in 1997 with supp...
The Safe Childhood Center
The SFD aims to improve access to basic services:

  1. Education
  2. Healthcare or Health Serv...
The Safe Childhood Center
MICROFINANCING:
  extending credit, usually in the form of small loans
  with no collateral, to ...
Education Focus
                          Over 50 percent of its budget
                          is dedicated to educatio...
On the streets of
              Sana’a, Yemen,
              young AHMAD
              used to spend his
  Ahmad       day...
Small Business Microfinancing
In 1998, with support from the World Bank through the Social Fund
for Development, the Yemen...
They lend to women like 47-year-old
         Samira Hasan Khalid.

         This mother of nine borrowed $100
         to ...
“Perhaps with the expansion
                                      of my business, I will employ
                          ...
Health Services
Promoting access to           518 water projects providing potable water to
safe water and health        ...
Sakia Pumps
  Improving the management of irrigation and drainage for all farmers
  in two command areas in the Nile Delta...
CHINA




                                          YEMEN




                                GHANA




World Bank
A World...
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The World Bank Introduction

  1. 1. The World Bank Working for A World Free of Poverty
  2. 2. Vision overcome poverty enhance growth Globalization create opportunity & hope World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  3. 3. WORLD BANK THEMES 1. The poorest countries 2. Post-conflict and fragile states 3. Middle-income countries 4. Global public goods 5. The Arab world 6. Knowledge and learning World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  4. 4. Millennium Development Goals World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  5. 5. Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  6. 6. IBRD The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development IDA The International Development Association World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  7. 7. The World Bank
  8. 8. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty CHINA
  9. 9. THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD
  10. 10. THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD Purpose: RAPIDLY develop agriculture SIMULTANEOUSLY with industry Method: “People’s communes” in mostly RURAL COMMUNITIES World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  11. 11. China under Mao Zedong World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  12. 12. Result of the Great Leap Forward 1. Shortage of Food 2. Shortage of Raw Materials 3. Overproduction of Poor-Quality Goods 4. Demoralization of Peasants And for the Chinese people? Eighteen more years of widespread poverty, hunger, and political and social unrest. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  13. 13. China After Mao: Deng Xiaping 1978: prompts drastic reforms after becoming the de facto leader of the People’s Republic of China 1979: established diplomatic relations with the United States of America 1981: accepted first World Bank loan NEED: ECONOMIC REFORM AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT!!! World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  14. 14. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  15. 15. 9 percent GDP growth per year 400 million people out of poverty 3rd largest trading nation 4th largest economy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  16. 16. World Bank-Supported Projects & Programs World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  17. 17. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  18. 18. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  19. 19. IBRD The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development IDA The International Development Association * $3,000 $2,500 $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 $500 $0 1983 1985 1991 1993 1999 2001 2007 2009 1981 1987 1989 1995 1997 2003 2005 * Million USD $$
  20. 20. more than 135 million people living on less than $1 a day World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  21. 21. Challenges of China as a MIDDLE INCOME country 1. A growing but still weak civil society 2. Shortening of the gap between the wealthy and the poor 3. Emphasis on the economy while neglecting environmental concerns World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  22. 22. from LENDER to CONSULTANT the provider of economic analysis, policy advice, technical assistance and training World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  23. 23. CHINA DEVELOPMENT MARKETPLACE bottom-up development IDEAS address development CHALLENGES mobilize social resources to REDUCE POVERTY World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  24. 24. INNOVATIVE ideas on how to best reduce poverty $1.17 million were awarded to the 50 most INNOVATIVE projects World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  25. 25. Globalization: Wind Power in Pingtan Island Using GLOBAL technology for Clean & Cheap energy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  26. 26. Call for a Green China A Global Environmental Event World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  27. 27. International conferences with a unique, global, environmental awareness-raising CULTURAL PERFORMANCE World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  28. 28. “ Today, well over 60 percent World Bank Group-financed projects and activities include a strong focus on the environment.” ~World Bank~ World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  29. 29. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  30. 30. The Five Pillars 1. Integrate China into the world economy 2. Reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion 3. Resource management and environmental challenges 4. Development of capital markets 5. Improving public and market institutions World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  31. 31. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty GHANA
  32. 32. GHANA Location: West Africa Population: 22,532,600 people (2006) One of poorest countries in the world GHANA World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  33. 33. The World Bank in Ghana 1. POVERTY REDUCTION and SUSTAINABLE GROWTH 2. SOLUTIONS in dealing with special CHALLENGES OF POST CONFLICT countries 3. DISEASES and TRADE 4. GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  34. 34. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA  53 years of invested time!  Provider of most of the income to the country, excluding the government  Holistic approach World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  35. 35. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA  About 6-7 percent economic growth since 2005  Politically they have had two peaceful elections  Poverty rate has dropped 23 percent in 14 years 1992 = 52 percent 2006 = 29 percent World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  36. 36. International Development Association (IDA) QUICK FACTS FOR GHANA They have provided money for almost 200 cases that directly contribute to eradicating poverty: 1. Education 4. Water 2. Health 5. Energy 3. Roads 6. Agriculture World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  37. 37. SANITATION AND WATER 500,000 people have been provided water-giving services 50,000 people with sanitation amenities World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  38. 38. ENERGY Akosombo and Kpong dams and power plants  Repair transmission system  Electricity access is 55 percent World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  39. 39. EDUCATION  National enrollment at 95 percent  Gender equality  Foundational education achievement rate  Teacher training  Vocational learning  Adult literacy World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  40. 40. HEALTH 50 percent have health insurance World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  41. 41. AGRICULTURE AND DEPLETION  Ghana’s economy: heavily dependent on natural resources therefore causing major depletions  Long-term reforms World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  42. 42. COMMUNITY SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOs) Look out for the good of the country, like a checks and balances system World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  43. 43. OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS….  “Public Information Center and Development Dialogue Series,” which meet to discuss country issues  Challenges ahead  Improvement needed World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  44. 44. CONCLUSION  Major contributors financially  Cooperation  Holistic approach  Long-term focus World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  45. 45. The World Bank in Working for A World Free of Poverty YEMEN
  46. 46. YEMEN (The Republic of Yemen) Location: Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia Population: More than 23 million people One of the poorest countries in the world World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  47. 47. The Safe Childhood Center The Social Fund for Development (SFD): a Yemeni development agency established in 1997 with support from the World Bank, bilateral donors and the government of Yemen. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  48. 48. The Safe Childhood Center The SFD aims to improve access to basic services: 1. Education 2. Healthcare or Health Services 3. Income generation through microfinance and saving-service access World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  49. 49. The Safe Childhood Center MICROFINANCING: extending credit, usually in the form of small loans with no collateral, to nontraditional borrowers such as the poor in rural or undeveloped areas World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  50. 50. Education Focus Over 50 percent of its budget is dedicated to education. The Social Fund for Development (SFD) is delivering basic education to even the most remote corners of the country. 1. Primary school enrollment has increased from 61 to 67 percent. 2. The goal is universal enrollment by 2015. 3. The focus is on the number of girls in school (whose enrollment numbers are far behind those of boys). 4. The SFD refurbished 8,790 classrooms. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  51. 51. On the streets of Sana’a, Yemen, young AHMAD used to spend his Ahmad days begging. He moved to the Safe Childhood Center— a home for street children under fourteen — and now has had a safe home and is attending elementary school. School officials say he has grown cheerful and more social. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  52. 52. Small Business Microfinancing In 1998, with support from the World Bank through the Social Fund for Development, the Yemeni government created the Small and Microenterprise Development Program: 1. To provide financial and non-financial services to small and microenterprises 2. To increase the income of the poor 3. Generate new job opportunities 4. Encourage microfinance through a number of capable Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) 5. Extended loans to more than 17,000 borrowers World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  53. 53. They lend to women like 47-year-old Samira Hasan Khalid. This mother of nine borrowed $100 to buy a billiard table to rent to the Samira local kids. World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  54. 54. “Perhaps with the expansion of my business, I will employ others.” Obeida Mansour El-Sharif Making credit available to some of the poorest people in Yemen is creating innovation where once there was despair. Though times were “extremely hard,” as a mother of eleven, she  obtained a loan from a microcredit agency and bought a sewing machine;  obtained a second loan and started a women’s wear clothing shop; and  obtained a third loan and bought a small minibus. Now she employs her sons to help World Bank her manage her businesses. A World Free of Poverty
  55. 55. Health Services Promoting access to  518 water projects providing potable water to safe water and health 1.4 million Yemenis for the first time services is also a  New health care projects—focused on involving project priority, local communities in managing and maintaining accounting for 24 health facilities percent of SFD funding:  Training for health workers—having served hundreds of thousands of Yemenis World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  56. 56. Sakia Pumps Improving the management of irrigation and drainage for all farmers in two command areas in the Nile Delta, and thereby mainstreaming Integrated Water Resources Management principles World Bank A World Free of Poverty
  57. 57. CHINA YEMEN GHANA World Bank A World Free of Poverty IN CONCLUSION

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