FORMALISTFILMTHEORYBy Thomas McWatters, MelissaLim, Dan Wargo, Gus Camaraza,Rocco Rygiel
ORIGIN This theory says that Film is indeed art and not reproduction of reality. Unlike realist theorists, formalist film theorists believe that the art of cinema is possible precisely because a movie is unlike everyday life…
ORIGIN CONT. Formalist film makers shape and mold the images we see on the screen the way a sculptor shapes and molds clay. Their approach to film emphasizes their ability to create story and emotion through manipulation.
DIFFERENT VIEWS UNDERFORMALISMNEO-REALISMANTI-REALISMREALISMAVANT GARDE
IDEOLOGICAL FORMALISM •Focus on how socio-economic pressures create particular style •How it communicates ideas, emotions, themes Two Examples related to Formalism: •Classical Hollywood cinema •Film Noir
CLASSICAL HOLLYWOOD CINEMA •Distinct style – create closed world on screen •Make experience as pleasant as possible; Audience gets involved
INSTITUTIONAL MODE OF REPRESENTATION•Dominant mode of film construction•Production, production, production!•Audience imaginatively involved in film – identify withwhat’s on camera •3D space created; Presented with clear pieces of info •Characters psychologically developed and distinguished – close-ups, acting •Narrative driven by character psychology•Continuity editing, three-point lighting, “mood” music
FILM NOIRFounded by Nino Frank in 1946Categorized as “Melodramas”Moved toward “Crime” genreShot in Urban EnvironmentsThe main character is “flawed” or “morally questionable”
POPULAR MOVIES1941- The Maltese Falcon1944- Double Indemnity1946- The Big Sleep2000- Memento2005- Sin City
FORMALIST THEORY/AUTEURCreated to redeem the art of film.By arguing that films had authors, films could be considered works of art like Paintings Literature Music
FORMALIST THEORY CONTINUEDThis theory would give the Director the bulk of the credit and not the screenwriter.Directors are now at the same level of importance as novelist, composers & painters.They get recognition for their craft.Film is said to lye somewhere between theatre and literature.