American Revolution


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American Revolution

  1. 1. Democracy in Action: The American Revolution
  2. 2. Causes of the Revolution: <ul><li>French and Indian War </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes to pay for the War </li></ul><ul><li>“ No Taxation without representation” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The French and Indian War 1756-1763 <ul><li>Also known as the “7 years war.” </li></ul><ul><li>Fought between England and France for control over North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans were allies on both sides </li></ul><ul><li>War resulted in an uneasy peace and settlement. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost England LOTS of $$$$ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Taxes to pay for the war. <ul><li>England needed to pay for the war debt and believed the colonist should share the bulk of the taxes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1764 The Currency Act <ul><li>Prohibited the colonist from making money </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1765 The Stamp Act <ul><li>Passed by Parliament to help pay for the war and to fund the large numbers of British Soldiers guarding the borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonist angrily react to the act as they had no say in Parliament. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Quartering Act 1765 <ul><li>Required colonies to provide British Troops with housing and certain provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Effect: another way for Britain to save $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Highly upsets colonist </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1770 The Boston Massacre
  9. 9. Tea Act 1773 <ul><li>Britain imposes taxes on imported Tea to the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Boston Tea Party 1773 </li></ul><ul><li>(upset colonist throw tea overboard into Boston Harbor) </li></ul><ul><li>Result????? </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1774 The Intolerable Acts <ul><li>Parliament wants to punish the Colonies for their disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Result: 1) Boston Harbor is closed </li></ul><ul><li> 2) The Massachusetts Assembly is </li></ul><ul><li> forbidden to meet </li></ul><ul><li> 3) Boston is occupied by 4,000 British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Quebec Act 1774 <ul><li>Another punishment from England </li></ul><ul><li>Limits the area of land in the west that colonist can settle (limits expansion!) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Results of the Intolerable and Quebec Acts: <ul><li>First Continental Congress meets and decides to boycott British Imports. </li></ul><ul><li>Major deplomacy begins to break down by 1774. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1775 <ul><li>British troops leave Boston to disarm nearby towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Battles of Lexington and Concord cause 93 Colonist and 272 British Casualties. “The shot heard round the world” Why?….. </li></ul><ul><li>Result???? </li></ul>
  14. 14. WAR and open Rebellion is declared by 1776.
  15. 15. The War 1776-1784 <ul><li>An unlikely victory. </li></ul><ul><li>It is wasn’t for France the colonist would have lost the Rebellion. </li></ul>
  16. 16. You won…now what????? <ul><li>Look back at 2,000 year history of Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what worked, what did not. </li></ul><ul><li>-Enlightenment Thinkers, Greeks, Romans, & British Constitutional History </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE A GOVERNMENT </li></ul>
  17. 17. Peace and the formation of a Government <ul><li>1787 The Constitution is written </li></ul><ul><li>1791 The Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution. </li></ul>