Main Findings – Juniors vs Seniors
• 0.7-0.9 ICC means that the testing
battery had moderate to excellent
test-retest reliability scores (0.7 to
• Large differences (0.8) between
seniors and juniors during press ups,
MB throws and Yo-Yo.
• Moderate differences (0.2) between
seniors and juniors following vertical
jump height and sprint times.
That the differences between senior and junior
boxers show that the tests are valid for physical
performance in boxing.
Main Findings – Age vs. Competitive Experience
• Majority of the tests correlated with
• Only MB backhand throw distance
and Yo-Yo final level strongly
correlated with both age and
• There were only small correlations
between competitive experience and
impulse, acceleration and upper
Traditional Boxing Training Methods only Develop
Endurance and Punching Force. Acceleration and
Impulse is only developed by maturation.
Main Findings – Punch Force Predictors
• Large correlations were found for
MB backhand throw distance with
• When scaled to body mass, relative
lean mass of the trunk was the main
contributor to MB backhand
throwing distance, in turn, estimated
pound for pound punching force.
Developing core musculature and strength is
important for pound for pound punching force.
Furthermore, the higher you jump the harder you
• Future research should
extend study by recruitment
of elite amateur and
• Finding appropriate
technology to incorporate
• Defining an appropriate
assessment for anaerobic