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When news breaks, The Daily Show  fixes it Daniel McCue ’99 Hope College, Martha Miller Center Friday, October 9, 2009
<ul><li>News stores our social norms </li></ul><ul><li>News violates our social norms </li></ul><ul><li>News satire restor...
News: a story about reality
News: a story about reality
What’s in the news? Gans (1979),  Deciding What’s News
What’s in the news? Gans (1979),  Deciding What’s News
What’s in the news? Gans (1979),  Deciding What’s News
What’s in the news? Gans (1979),  Deciding What’s News
What’s in the news? Gans (1979),  Deciding What’s News
News values:  concern for social cohesion
Contemporary news landscape
News: a story about reality
News: restoring the myth
News: violating the myth
Hamburglar Urges Senate Subcommittee To 'Robble Robble Robble' <ul><li>WASHINGTON, DC—Denouncing a prison system he descri...
News: too much information?
24-hour news cycle  or a virtuous circle? <ul><li>The Informing Effect </li></ul><ul><li>“ A virtuous circle” </li></ul><u...
What is the role of news satire?
Satire: how does it work?
Irony vs. Satire <ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><li>Trope </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical device </li></ul><ul><li>Morally neutr...
Functions of irony <ul><li>Criticism:  ironic criticism > literal criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Compliments:  ironic complim...
Example of Irony:  The Daily Show “Professional Important News”
Functions of satire
How does irony work?
How does irony work?
How does irony work? Performing a reconstructed meaning
How does irony work? Clues.
How does news satire work?
How does news satire work? Rathergate © Comedy Partners
Putting it all together <ul><li>News satire exposes the mythological function of news  by revealing violations of social v...
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When news breaks, The Daily Show fixes it

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"When News Breaks, The Daily Show Fixes It", an exploration of how news satire exposes the implicit truths held in our culture. Using examples from popular satires including Saturday Night Live, The Onion, The Daily Show, and The Colbert Report, this presentation reveals that satire is not just entertainment but a necessity for understanding our cultural values.

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When news breaks, The Daily Show fixes it

  1. 1. When news breaks, The Daily Show fixes it Daniel McCue ’99 Hope College, Martha Miller Center Friday, October 9, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>News stores our social norms </li></ul><ul><li>News violates our social norms </li></ul><ul><li>News satire restores our social norms </li></ul><ul><li>… Yes, we will watch clips, too </li></ul>
  3. 3. News: a story about reality
  4. 4. News: a story about reality
  5. 5. What’s in the news? Gans (1979), Deciding What’s News
  6. 6. What’s in the news? Gans (1979), Deciding What’s News
  7. 7. What’s in the news? Gans (1979), Deciding What’s News
  8. 8. What’s in the news? Gans (1979), Deciding What’s News
  9. 9. What’s in the news? Gans (1979), Deciding What’s News
  10. 10. News values: concern for social cohesion
  11. 11. Contemporary news landscape
  12. 12. News: a story about reality
  13. 13. News: restoring the myth
  14. 14. News: violating the myth
  15. 15. Hamburglar Urges Senate Subcommittee To 'Robble Robble Robble' <ul><li>WASHINGTON, DC—Denouncing a prison system he described as &quot;robble,&quot; hamburger advocate and convicted felon Hamburglar addressed the Senate Subcommittee on Penal Reform Monday, demanding more humane conditions for the nation's inmates. &quot;Robble robble robble robble robble robble robble robble robble robble robble robble,&quot; an emotional Hamburglar told the 12-member committee. &quot;Robble robble robble robble robble. Robble robble robble robble robble robble: Robble robble.&quot; Reaction to the speech was mixed. &quot;Certainly there is room for improvement in our penal system,&quot; U.S. Sen. Bob Smith (R-NH) said. &quot;But I would hardly call the current situation 'robble.'&quot; </li></ul>The Onion , September 15, 1999
  16. 16. News: too much information?
  17. 17. 24-hour news cycle or a virtuous circle? <ul><li>The Informing Effect </li></ul><ul><li>“ A virtuous circle” </li></ul><ul><li>Strong correlation between news consumption, engagement </li></ul>
  18. 18. What is the role of news satire?
  19. 19. Satire: how does it work?
  20. 20. Irony vs. Satire <ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><li>Trope </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical device </li></ul><ul><li>Morally neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Mark of good literature (Booth, 1974) </li></ul><ul><li>Satire </li></ul><ul><li>Genre </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical </li></ul><ul><li>Intending to correct moral failings </li></ul>
  21. 21. Functions of irony <ul><li>Criticism: ironic criticism > literal criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Compliments: ironic compliment < literal compliment </li></ul><ul><li>Humor: ironic text > literal text </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: irony is riskier, but more effective. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Example of Irony: The Daily Show “Professional Important News”
  23. 23. Functions of satire
  24. 24. How does irony work?
  25. 25. How does irony work?
  26. 26. How does irony work? Performing a reconstructed meaning
  27. 27. How does irony work? Clues.
  28. 28. How does news satire work?
  29. 29. How does news satire work? Rathergate © Comedy Partners
  30. 30. Putting it all together <ul><li>News satire exposes the mythological function of news by revealing violations of social values expressed implicitly in news stories. </li></ul><ul><li>News satire speaks “truth” by exposing idealized social values that have been violated by subjects of news stories or by those who report the news. </li></ul>

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