PML 9Participatory culture: What does this mean for my future practice?
AgendaBlogsDiscussion of Jenkins articleEvaluationsYour questions
Participatory Culturea culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression andcivic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing one’screations, and some type of informal mentorship whereby what isknown by the most experienced is passed along to novices.
Forms of Participatory CultureAffiliations — memberships, formal and informal, in online communitiescentered around various forms of media, such as Friendster, Facebook,message boards, metagaming, game clans, or MySpace).Expressions — producing new creative forms, such as digital sampling,skinning and modding, fan videomaking, fan fiction writing, zines, mash-ups).Collaborative Problem-solving — working together in teams, formal andinformal, to complete tasks and develop new knowledge (such as throughWikipedia, alternative reality gaming, spoiling).Circulations — Shaping the flow of media (such as podcasting, blogging).
Implications for PedagogyThe Participation Gap — the unequal access to the opportunities,experiences, skills, and knowledge that will prepare youth for fullparticipation in the world of tomorrow.The Transparency Problem — The challenges young people face inlearning to see clearly the ways that media shape perceptions ofthe world.The Ethics Challenge — The breakdown of traditional forms ofprofessional training and socialization that might prepare youngpeople for their increasingly public roles as media makers andcommunity participants.
New SkillsPlay — the capacity to experiment with one’s surroundings as aform of problem-solvingPerformance — the ability to adopt alternative identities for thepurpose of improvisation and discoverySimulation — the ability to interpret and construct dynamicmodels of real-world processesAppropriation — the ability to meaningfully sample and remixmedia content
New SkillsMultitasking — the ability to scan one’s environment and shiftfocus as needed to salient details.Distributed Cognition — the ability to interact meaningfully withtools that expand mental capacitiesCollective Intelligence — the ability to pool knowledge andcompare notes with others toward a common goalJudgment — the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility ofdifferent information sources
New SkillsTransmedia Navigation — the ability to follow the flow of storiesand information across multiple modalitiesNetworking — the ability to search for, synthesize, anddisseminate informationNegotiation — the ability to travel across diverse communities,discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and graspingand following alternative norms.
Jenkins’ Defines 21st Literacy New Media Consortium Henry Jenkins“the set of abilities and skills First, textual literacy remains awhere aural, visual, and central skill in the twenty-ﬁrstdigital literacy overlap.These century. Before students caninclude the ability to engage with the newunderstand the power of participatory culture, theyimages and sounds, to must be able to read andrecognize and use that write.Youth must expand theirpower, to manipulate and required competencies, nottransform digital media, to push aside old skills to makedistribute them pervasively, room for the new. Second, newand to easily adapt them to media literacies should benew forms” considered a social skill.
What Might Be Done? Jenkins suggests ways that these new skills might be addressed in education. Discuss either the examples he presents or suggest your own ideas about how one or more might be addressed in a secondary English classroom. What challenges might you and the students face? What benefits might you see?•Play •Multitasking •Transmedia Navigation•Performance •Distributed Cognition •Networking•Simulation •Collective Intelligence •Negotiation•Appropriation •Judgment
Addressing Your QuestionsBlogging in the classroom: logistics Helps to have exemplars to show students first Anatomy of a blog post: title, tags, images, hyperlinks, level of language etc. Have students identify criteria and evaluate blog posts.
Blogging LogisticsStaying organized. Setting up an RSS Feed.How to create an RSS Bundle in Google Reader
Blogging LogisticsBook Club Blog handout and rubric.Assessment: What is a blog? (handout)
Classroom Management TipsIn a lab? Review procedures first: Teacher is talking=monitorsoff.Cell phones: depends on school policy, but I prefer to have themout on the desk, face-down, and incorporate opportunities to usethe devices for learning eg/ Google SMS searchFocus on the behaviour, not the device.A great blog on cellphones in the classroom.
Digital CitizenshipAs a class, brainstorm guidelines for posting information online. Possible ideasmight be:Never post personal information: address, phone number, emailUse first name and last initial onlyDo not use others’ work without permissionNever say anything online that you wouldn’t say to a person’s faceNever post something you wouldn’t want your grandmother or a future boss to seeBe supportive and constructivePost these guidelines somewhere visible. You may even have them post them as apractice blog post
Restrictions/FiltersFind out who the computer administrator is for your schoolBe able to articulate why you want to use the siteThe kids know how to get around filters by using proxy servers
But I don’t have access to a computer lab...Most schools now have wifiConsider a BYOD policy (bring your own device)Differentiated instruction: Not all students need to be doing thesame thing at the same time. Break students into smaller groupsand rotate tasks.
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