New Critics a practice which advocated rigid scholarly detachment in the study of texts and rejected all forms of personal interpretation by the reader. More about that later\n\n
Because all readers bring their own emotions, concerns, life experiences, and knowledge to their reading, each interpretation is subjective and unique.\n\n
Horizons of expectations a reader's "expectations" or frame of reference is based on the reader's past experience of literature and what preconceived notions about literature the reader possesses. For a work to be a classic, it needs to exceed the reader&#x2019;s horizons of expectations\nImplied reader: a hypothetical reader of a text. The implied reader [according to Iser] "embodies all those predispositions necessary for a literary work to exercise its effect\nInterpretive communities: that readers within an "interpretive community" share reading strategies, values and interpretive assumptions\nTransactional analysis: meaning is produced in a transaction of a reader with a text. As an approach, then, the critic would consider "how the reader interprets the text as well as how the text produces a response in her" \n\n
Literary Criticism• An Introduction
What is literarycriticism?• Think of it as a lens through which one views a text. Depending on the lens one uses, and the way in which that lens is focused, our attention is drawn to a particular aspect of the text more so than others.• Different schools of literary criticism offer different ways of seeing and interpreting a text.
The most important thing about a text is theindividual reader’s experience with the text.
When studying a text, you need to understandwhat the author originally intended.
The meaning of a text depends on the experiencethe reader brings to the text.
There is no right or wrong answer when it comesto literature.
Historical Context•Louise Rosenblatts influential 1938 work Literature As Exploration•reaction to the formalist theories of the New Critics, who promoted "close readings" of literature
Definition• A form of criticism that stresses the importance of the readers role in interpreting texts. Rejecting the idea that there is a single, fixed meaning inherent in every literary work, this theory holds that the individual creates his or her own meaning through a "transaction" with the text based on personal associations.
Key Terms•Horizons of expectations•Implied reader•Interpretive communities•Transactional analysis
Objections•Fails to account for a text being able to expand a reader’s understanding•Too subjective
In Summary• “The Correct Reading” was traditionally the goal of literary criticism.• Reader response criticism is a reaction to this. How one interprets a text is subjective and is based on time, place, culture, etc.