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  1. 1. NETHERLANDS Flag Coat of arms
  2. 2. HEOGRAPIYA a. Kinaroroonan Once known as Holland, the Netherlands is located in Western Europe. It borders Belgium to the south, Germany to the east and north, and the North Sea along its western coast. b. Sukat The country has a total area of 41,526 square kilometers (16,485 square miles). This includes 33,889 square kilometers of land (13,084 square miles) and 7,643 square kilometers (2,950 square miles) of water. The coastline of the Netherlands is 451 kilometers (280 miles) long. Its land borders are 1,027 kilometers (638 miles) in length. The border with Germany is 577 kilometers (358 miles) long and that with Belgium is 450 kilometers (280 miles) long. c. Anyong lupa The Netherlands is a very flat country with almost 25% of its land at, or below sea level. Low rolling hills cover some of the central area, and in the far south, the land rises into the foothills of the Ardennes Mountains. Vaalserberg, the country's highest point is located there, rising to 322 m (1,053 ft). Over many centuries severe floods devastated the Netherlands, killing tens of thousands. Determined to save their homeland and reclaim it from the sea, the Dutch used countless windmills to pump water out of low-lying areas. They constructed man-made hills (polders), raising the level of farms and villages. In the early 1930's the damming off the sea efforts continued when the Afsluitdijk (dike) was built. Ardennes Mountains Vaalserberg
  3. 3. a. Anyong tubig The Netherlands is crossed by hundreds of miles of navigable canals. One of the most important is the North Sea Canal, as it enables ocean-going ships to reach the port of Amsterdam. Water, water everywhere, as the central and southern Netherlands are positioned at the delta of four major rivers, including the Rijn, Mass, Scheldt and Waal. The countrys largest lakes, Ijsselmeer and Markermeer are both manmade, created by dikes. b. Klima The predominant wind direction in the Netherlands is southwest, which causes a moderate maritime climate, with cool summers and mild winters. This is especially the case with places within direct proximity of the Dutch coastline, which sometimes are over 10 °C (18 °F) warmer (in winter) or cooler (in summer) than places in the (south)east of the country. MGA LIKAS NA YAMAN a. Yamang Lupa dairy, poultry, meat, livestock, flower bulbs, cut flowers, vegetables and fruits, sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, barley. navigable canals Rijn river
  4. 4. b. Yamang Tubig Fish, coral reefs and other aquatic resources c. Yamang Mineral natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land d. Yamang Enerhiya mineral, petroleum, hydropower IV. DEMOGRAPIYA a. Populasyon 16,730,632 (July 2011 est.) b. Kakapalan ng pagdami
  5. 5. c. Bilis ng dami d. Antas ng Kamunwangan definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 99% male: 99% female: 99% (2003 est.) e. Tribong Etniko Predominantly Dutch; large minority communities are Moroccans, Turks, Surinamese, and Dutch Caribbean. V. EKONOMIYA Mga Pangunahing Produkto
  6. 6. mineral fuels, processed food and tobacco, agricultural products, mineral fuels and crude petroleum, machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals and crude petroleum, consumer goods, foodstuffs Mga Industriya agro-industries, steel and aluminum, metal and engineering products, electric machinery and equipment, bulk chemicals, natural gas, petroleum products, construction, transport equipment, microelectronics, fishing. Antas ng Pagunlad GDP (2011): $705.7 billion. GDP growth (2011 est.): 1.6%. GDP per capita (2011): $ 42,300. Transportasyon at Komunikasyon Rail transport for public transport is operated mainly by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS), minor parts by Arriva, Syntus, Connexxion, DB Regionalbahn Westfalen, Veolia Transport Nederland and Prignitzer Eisenbahn (PE Holding AG, Arriva) (for the latter two, see Enschede). The Dutch rail network is the busiest network in the entire world.The main public transport in the Netherlands for longer distances is by train. Long-distance buses are limited to a few missing railway connections. Regional and local public transport is by bus, and in some cities by metro and tram. Also there are ferries.The Netherlands has one of the most dense highway networks in the world. There are 135,470 km of public roads, of which 5,012 km are national roads, 7,899 km are provincial roads, and 122,559 km are local and other roads. The Netherlands has a motorway density of 57.5 kilometers per 1,000 km², the most dense motorway network in the European Union. A motorway is called an "autosnelweg" (plural: "autosnelwegen"), or simply "snelweg". The postal service in the Netherlands is performed by PostNL in most cases—which has, as of 2008, a monopoly on letters lighter than 50 g. The monopoly is planned to expire in 2009.[1] PostNL's competitors include Selekt Mail[2] and Sandd. Post offices that are owned by Postbank and TNT Post have been earmarked for closure between 2008 and 2013. Postal codes in the Netherlands are formed of four digits then two letters (in capitals), separated by a space—1234 AB, for example.
  7. 7. Mapang Pang-ekonomiko VI. PAMAHALAAN Mapang Politikal
  8. 8. Uri ng Pamahalaan The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state.[1] The Netherlands is described as a consociational state.[2] Dutch politics and governance are characterised by a common striving for broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole. Type: Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch. Constitution: 1814 and 1848. Branches: Executive--monarch (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral parliament (First and Second Chambers). Judicial--Supreme Court. Subdivisions: 12 provinces. Political parties: Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Freedom Party (PVV), Labor Party (PvdA), Liberal Party (VVD), Socialist Party (SP), other minor parties. Suffrage: Universal at 18. IX. BIBLIOGRAPIYA The new Dutch government with the Queen Coat of arms of Netherlands