Embroidery stitch


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Embroidery stitch

  1. 1. EMBROIDERY STITCH Straight stitches Straight stitches pass through the fabric ground in a simple up and down motion, and for the most part moving in a single direction. Examples of straight stitches are: Running or basting stitch Simple satin stitch Algerian eye stitch Fern stitch Straight Stitches that have two journeys (generally forwards and backwards over the same path). Examples: Holbein stitch, also known as the double running stitch Bosnian stitch Back stitches Back stitches pass through the fabric ground in an encircling motion. The needle in the simplest backstitch comes up from the back of the fabric, makes a stitch to the right going back to the back of the fabric, then passes behind the first stitch and comes up to the front of the fabric to the left of the first stitch. The needle then goes back to the back of the fabric through the same hole the stitch first came up from. The needle then repeats the movement to the left of the stitches and continues. Some examples of a back stitch are: Stem stitch or outline stitch Split stitch. The needle pierces the thread as it come back up. Crewel stitch Chain stitches Chain stitches catch a loop of the thread on the surface of the fabric. In the simplest of the looped stitches, the chain stitch, the needle comes up from the back of the fabric and then the needle goes back into the same hole it came out of, pulling the loop of thread almost completely through to the back; but before the loop disappears, the needle come back up (a certain distance from the beginning stitch -the distance deciding the length of the stitch), passes through the loop and prevents it from being pulled completely to the back of the fabric. The needle then passes back to the back of the fabric through the second hole and begins the stitch again. Examples of chain stitches are: Chain stitch Lazy Daisy stitch, or detached chain. The loop stitch is held to the fabric at the wide end by a tiny tacking stitch. Spanish Chain or Zig-zag Chain
  2. 2. Buttonhole stitches Buttonhole or blanket stitches also catch a loop of the thread on the surface of the fabric but the principal difference is that the needle does not return to the original hole to pass back to the back of the fabric. In the classic buttonhole stitch, the needle is returned to the back of the fabric at a right angle to the original start of the thread. The finished stitch in some ways resembles a letter "L" depending on the spacing of the stitches. For buttonholes the stitches are tightly packed together and for blanket edges they are more spaced out. The properties of this stitch make it ideal for preventing raveling of woven fabric. This stitch is also the basis for many forms of needle lace. Examples of buttonhole or blanket stitches. Blanket stitch Buttonhole stitch Closed buttonhole stitch, the tops of the stitch touch to form triangles Crossed buttonhole stitch, the tops of the stitch cross Buttonhole stitches combined with knots: o Top Knotted Buttonhole stitch o German Knotted Buttonhole stitch o Tailor's buttonhole stitch Feather stitches Feather or fly stitches also catch a loop of thread on the surface of the fabric but they differ from buttonhole stitches in that the catching of the loop is not at right angles or it alternates from side to side. The result is a very naturalistic looking stitch that is often used to make leaves and branches. Examples of fly stitches are: Fly stitch, or Y stitch Feather stitch Faggoting stitch, or Straight Open Cretan Cretan Stitch Cross stitches Cross stitches or cross-stitch have come to represent an entire industry of pattern production and material supply for the craft person. The stitch is done by creating a line of diagonal stitches going in one direction, usually using the warp and weft of the fabric as a guide, then on the return journey crossing the diagonal in the other direction, creating an "x". Also included in this class of stitches are: Herringbone stitches, including the hem stitch Breton stitch, here the threads of the "x" are twisted together Sprat's Head stitch
  3. 3. Crow's Foot stitch, these last two stitches are often used in tailoring to strengthen a garment at a point of strain such as a pocket corner or the top of a kick pleat. Many examples of cross stitches can be found here Knotted stitches Knotted stitches are formed by wrapping the thread around the needle, once or several times, before passing it back to the back of the fabric ground. This is a predominate stitch in Brazilian embroidery, used to create flowers. Another form of embroidery that uses knots is Candlewicking, where the knots are created by forming a figure 8 around the needle. Examples of knotted stitches are: French knot, or twisted knot stitch Chinese knot, which varies from the French knot in that it takes a tiny stitch in the background fabric while creating the knot Bullion knots Coral stitch There are also more complex knotted stitches such as: o Knotted Loop stitch o Plaited Braid stitch o Sorbello stitch o Diamond stitch Knotted edgings based on buttonhole stitches include: o Antwerp edging stitch o Armenian edging stitch Couching and laid work Couching or laid stitches involve two sets of threads, the set that is being 'laid' onto the surface of the fabric and the set which attach the laid threads. The laid threads may be heavier than the attaching thread, or they may be of a nature that does not allow them to be worked like a regular embroidery thread, such as metal threads. The stitches used to attach the laid thread may be of any nature; cross stitch, buttonhole stitch, straight stitch; but some have specific names: Pendant couching, Bokhara couching Square laid work Oriental couching Battlement couching Klosterstitch Roumanian couching
  4. 4. PICTURES Straight stitches Feather stitches Back stitches Cross stitches Chain stitches Knotted stitches Buttonhole stitches Couching and laid work
  5. 5. Basic Embroidery Stitches: Darning Stitch Darning Stitch and Darning Patterns are created using several rows of Running Stitch. Running stitch is one of the simplest and basic stitches used in embroidery. Uses Of Simple Darning Stitch In Embroidery Darning stitch is used to cover a background when it is desired to throw a design into relief or it can be used to fill the petals of a flower or its foliage. The figure below shows the method of taking the stitch. Only a few threads of the fabric are picked up on the fabric each time, thus long stitches of uniform length are shown on the right side only ; while the rows of stitches are parallel, the fabric is taken up on the needle for each stitch exactly opposite the middle of the long darning stitch in the preceding row. Simple Darning Stitch Difference Between Darning And Running Stitch Darning and running amount practically to the same thing. Darning might be described as consecutive lines of running. The difference is that, in running the stitches may be the same length on the face as on the reverse of the stuff, whereas in darning the thread is mainly on the surface, only dipping for the space of a single thread or so below it. Original Use Of The Darning Stitch Darning was originally used to repair clothes. Holes in old clothes were repaired using darning.
  6. 6. Ornamental Darning In ornamental darning little or no working shows on the underside, the working thread being kept as much as possible on the upper side to sew the pattern in relief. The chief kinds of ornamental darning are : - (a) Straight ; (b) Waved ; (c) Diamond ; (d) Vandyke. (a) Straight (b) Waved (c) Diamond (d) Vandyke Darning also refers to any of several needlework techniques that are worked using darning stitches: Pattern darning is a type of embroidery that uses parallel rows of straight stitches of different lengths to create a geometric design. Net darning, also called filet lace, is a 19th century technique using stitching on a mesh foundation fabric to imitate lace. Needle weaving is a drawn thread work embroidery technique that involves darning patterns into bare laid warp or weft threads. ( source: Wikipedia) Other forms of darning include, Japanese darning Damask darning Double darning Surface darning Huchaback or Swedish weaving embroidery.