The Brain
Limbic System and Brainstem
Limbic
System
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Amygdala
Hippocampus
Basal Ganglia
The Limbic System has five parts; the
thalamus, the...
Thalamus
The thalamus helps your brain
to understand what the
information coming from your
senses is telling you. Parts of...
Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus lets your
body know what it needs, like
being hungry when you need
food, or thirsty when you...
Amygdala
The amygdala controls our
basic emotions, like fear,
anger, jealousy, and pleasure.
The amygdala also helps you
l...
Hippocampus
The hippocampus helps the
brain to learn and to store new
memories. The hippocampus is
important in connecting...
Basal Ganglia
The basal ganglia helps the
body to plan a movement, and
to do it. This part of the limbic
system helps you ...
Brainstem
Medulla
Oblongata
Pons
Reticular
Activating
System
Cerebellum
The brainstem has four parts; the
Medulla Oblongat...
Medulla
Oblongata
Breathing
Heart rate
Digestion
Swallowing
The medulla
oblongata has
many different
jobs in the
brain. It...
Communication
Sleep
BreathingPons
The pons helps with communication between the two
halves of the brain, sleep, and breath...
The
Reticular
Activatin
g System
Sleep
Alertness
Focus
The reticular activating system helps you with sleep and
waking up,...
Cerebellum Motor Functions
Balance
Muscles
Coordination
Memory
The cerebellum has
many different jobs in
the brain. It hel...
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2.00 Experiment

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The Limbic System and Brainstem

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2.00 Experiment

  1. 1. The Brain Limbic System and Brainstem
  2. 2. Limbic System Thalamus Hypothalamus Amygdala Hippocampus Basal Ganglia The Limbic System has five parts; the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the basal ganglia. The limbic system is important for your emotions, memories, and for letting your body know what it needs, like hunger and thirst.
  3. 3. Thalamus The thalamus helps your brain to understand what the information coming from your senses is telling you. Parts of your body have a specific sense, like your eyes see, and your fingers touch. All of this information is going to your brain through all of your senses, and the thalamus helps it to understand everything. After the thalamus makes sense of everything, it decides where in the brain to send the information.
  4. 4. Hypothalamus The hypothalamus lets your body know what it needs, like being hungry when you need food, or thirsty when you need water. It also controls your blood pressure and body temperature. The hypothalamus also controls your pituitary gland, and your pituitary gland controls all the other glands.
  5. 5. Amygdala The amygdala controls our basic emotions, like fear, anger, jealousy, and pleasure. The amygdala also helps you learn to associate things and memories with emotions. The amygdala decides which memories to store, and where to store them. Because of your amygdala, you remember a time that you were scared more clearly than you would any normal day.
  6. 6. Hippocampus The hippocampus helps the brain to learn and to store new memories. The hippocampus is important in connecting senses, like smell and sound, to memories. It forms long- term and short- term memories. The hippocampus also can retrieve these memories when necessary.
  7. 7. Basal Ganglia The basal ganglia helps the body to plan a movement, and to do it. This part of the limbic system helps you to move voluntarily, or because you want to. If there is anything wrong with your basal ganglia, it usually results in Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s Disease is when you have difficulty carrying out movement, you are rigid, and you have tremors, or unwanted movement.
  8. 8. Brainstem Medulla Oblongata Pons Reticular Activating System Cerebellum The brainstem has four parts; the Medulla Oblongata, the Pons, the Reticular Activating System, and the Cerebellum. The brainstem has many different functions like breathing, swallowing, and vomiting. It is found at the bottom of the brain and is connected to our spine.
  9. 9. Medulla Oblongata Breathing Heart rate Digestion Swallowing The medulla oblongata has many different jobs in the brain. It controls your breathing, heart rate, digestion, and swallowing. It is one of the more important parts of the brain.
  10. 10. Communication Sleep BreathingPons The pons helps with communication between the two halves of the brain, sleep, and breathing. The pons connects the medulla oblongata with the rest of the brain.
  11. 11. The Reticular Activatin g System Sleep Alertness Focus The reticular activating system helps you with sleep and waking up, keeping you awake, and with focus. The most important thing that the reticular activating system does is wake you up, and keep you awake. If there was something wrong with your reticular activating system, you would never wake up, or be in a coma.
  12. 12. Cerebellum Motor Functions Balance Muscles Coordination Memory The cerebellum has many different jobs in the brain. It helps control your motor functions, your balance, develop your muscles, your coordination, and your memory. Motor functions is when you do things like wiggling your fingers or your toes. Coordination is when all of your body parts work together.

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