PARTNERSHIPS    IN ACCELERATING PASTORAL DEVELOPMENT            Daniel Temesgen (PhD)          PASTORALIST FORUM ETHIOPIA ...
Contents     Introduction & Background     Advantages of partnerships in development     Terminologies/theoretical fram...
Introduction      This presentation is based on a review of literature on      partnerships in development      With the f...
Background    Over the last decades there has been an increase in the use of    new forms of partnership in both the publi...
Background    The shift towards increased reliance on partnerships is most    visible in accelerating development    Today...
Advantages of partnerships in development    It help share filter information and ideas    Bring together the expertise (s...
Access to knowledge. To remain relevant and affective, to tap into    the knowledge of others. much of the knowledge neede...
Terminologies/theoretical frameworks    Review of the recent literature on partnerships reveals    that:    The three most...
Networks    A network is a “multi-partner cooperative arrangement    between more than one organization or firm”A few defi...
Partnerships      A partnership is a long-term cooperative     arrangement between two or more institutions     involving ...
Partnership Types     Partnerships vary in terms of several variables--for example: size (e.g., number     of partners), g...
Partnership FormationWhy ?     Entering in to Partnership is strategic decisions organizations make in order     to fulfil...
Factors accounting for partnership formation Four conditions are necessary for collaboration among two or   more instituti...
Points to consider for successful partnership      Common objectives & interests among partners      Existence of clear ag...
Empirical studies indicated that : for successful partnership        Commitment (of partners to the partnership)       Coo...
16   11/2/2012
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Partnership in Aceelerating Pastoral Development by daniel temesgen

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Partnership in Aceelerating Pastoral Development by daniel temesgen

  1. 1. PARTNERSHIPS IN ACCELERATING PASTORAL DEVELOPMENT Daniel Temesgen (PhD) PASTORALIST FORUM ETHIOPIA JUNE 2011 Hawassa1 11/2/2012
  2. 2. Contents  Introduction & Background  Advantages of partnerships in development  Terminologies/theoretical frameworks  Partnership Formation  Factors accounting for partnership formation  Points to consider for successful partnership2 11/2/2012
  3. 3. Introduction This presentation is based on a review of literature on partnerships in development With the following purposes: a) Highlight the current thinking on partnerships and networks b) Reviews key concepts and their definitions, major typologies and approaches of partnership3 11/2/2012
  4. 4. Background Over the last decades there has been an increase in the use of new forms of partnership in both the public and the private sector This growth in cooperative arrangements is a global phenomenon, fueled by advances in information technology, globalization of the economy, pressures It has become increasingly clear that relying only on one’s own resources and skills would not let an organization go far.4 11/2/2012
  5. 5. Background The shift towards increased reliance on partnerships is most visible in accelerating development Today, most of the development programs are linked in numerous ways with collaborators in dozens of countries In recent estimate the number of partnerships the 16 CGIAR centers was found to be 2,0005 11/2/2012
  6. 6. Advantages of partnerships in development It help share filter information and ideas Bring together the expertise (scholars) at national and international environment frequently characterized by fragmentation and isolation Networks facilitate actual cooperative activity among actors that otherwise would not occur Enable participating actors to be more productive in their development endeavors Generated synergy by relying on the comparative advantage6 11/2/2012
  7. 7. Access to knowledge. To remain relevant and affective, to tap into the knowledge of others. much of the knowledge needed exist in private firms, NGOs,Gos Greater efficiency. partnerships can contribute significantly to achievement of system goals, and learning experiences of others on ways of improving efficiency. New strategic opportunities. The entire agricultural research community is going through a transformation involving greater reliance on partnerships7 11/2/2012
  8. 8. Terminologies/theoretical frameworks Review of the recent literature on partnerships reveals that: The three most widely used terms are alliances, networks, and partnerships. Other terms used to define similar relationships include cooperation, collaboration, and coalition. One common characteristic of these terms is that they all refer to inter-institutional relationships.8 11/2/2012
  9. 9. Networks A network is a “multi-partner cooperative arrangement between more than one organization or firm”A few definitions from the literature follow: Networks constitute the basic social form that permits inter- organizational interactions of exchange, intensive and, joint action Networks are clusters of organizations, are non-hierarchical collectives of legally separate units Networking is the art of creating and/or maintaining a cluster of organizations for the purpose of exchanging, acting among the member organizations9 11/2/2012
  10. 10. Partnerships A partnership is a long-term cooperative arrangement between two or more institutions involving exchange or sharing of resources to attain a common objective. The focus of attention is on inter-institutional relationship long-term Cooperative arrangements The minimum number of partners is two, but there is no upper limit on the number of institutions that belong to a partnership Exchange or sharing of resources10 11/2/2012
  11. 11. Partnership Types Partnerships vary in terms of several variables--for example: size (e.g., number of partners), geographical scope of activities (e.g., local, national, international),type of partner (e.g., private sector, public sector, public- private, GO_NGO) As a rough categorization of partnerships Research partnerships (these involve cooperative arrangements with other institutions for conducting joint research) Exchange partnerships (these involve formal arrangements for exchanging information, materials, staff, intellectual property, etc., with other institutions) Service partnerships (these involve providing services to a partner institution, e.g., training, consultancy, capacity building, as part of a long-term relationship – not as a market-based transaction)11 11/2/2012
  12. 12. Partnership FormationWhy ? Entering in to Partnership is strategic decisions organizations make in order to fulfill their mission.These include the following: Mobilizing resources. helps mobilize additional resources and enhance the potential of the organization’s own resources to generate impact. ( Information, material, capital, technology and management) Competencies. facilitate Pooling complementary know-how and skills and learning . Increasing the scale of activities. lowering average costs and increase outputs by exploiting the synergy generated by relying on the comparative advantage of each partner12 11/2/2012
  13. 13. Factors accounting for partnership formation Four conditions are necessary for collaboration among two or more institutions: Willingness to collaborate A need for expertise A need for financial resources, and A need for efficiencies. When all four conditions are met, then collaboration in the form of a systemic partnership is likely. If a willingness to collaborate does not exist, then the development of any advanced form of institutional arrangement cannot occur.13 11/2/2012
  14. 14. Points to consider for successful partnership Common objectives & interests among partners Existence of clear agenda and objective/vision Trust between partners Commitment to common goal Clear MOU between partners Clearly defined roles and responsibilities among the partner Respect for all opinions Exchange knowledge/experiences Good communication14 11/2/2012
  15. 15. Empirical studies indicated that : for successful partnership Commitment (of partners to the partnership) Coordination (of activities) Trust Quality of communication (accuracy, timeliness, adequacy Participation (joint planning and goal setting) Joint problem solving15 11/2/2012
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