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Waste-to-Energy: Cornerstone for Sustainable Cities Daniel N. Robin Founder & Managing Director In3 BioRenewables   &   Re...
<ul><li>Why waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of the Problem/Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Diversion vs. Conversion </li></ul...
Why Talk About Waste? <ul><li>It’s cheap, abundant, local </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly an afterthought </li></ul><ul><li>Refle...
Well, maybe
Linear US Industrial Processes   Take    Make     Waste 80%  of products  discarded   after single use 99%  of original ...
Why Use Waste for Energy? Breaks our dependency on centralized energy  Disrupt the Fossil Folly!
Advantages of Converting W2E <ul><li>Eliminates disposal costs for the producer </li></ul><ul><li>Can become a  profit cen...
Why we waste waste <ul><li>Because we can </li></ul><ul><li>Initial capital costs … ROI can take  years </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>HOUSEHOLDS </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYWHERE! </li></ul><ul><li>Common forms </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Agricultural crops, aquatic plants </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture / aquaculture wastes & residues </li></ul><ul><li...
Agenda …  Energy Out
California Organics Disposed  (28,000,000 tons per year; CIWMB)
Disposal vs. Landfill Diversion   (CIWMB)
Diversion and Conversion  Energy from Waste Recovery <ul><li>Diversion </li></ul><ul><li>Composting </li></ul><ul><li>Chip...
<ul><li>Survey of conversion technologies for municipal solid waste (MSW) to energy </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation:  </li></...
WTE Conversion Technologies Technology Responses Thermal 21 Gasification  Pyrolysis Autoclaving 2  8 1 Biochemical 10 Anae...
Facility Development Stage Laboratory Permitting /  Construction Small Pilot Large Pilot Commercial- Scale Demo Commercial...
Commercial Activity
Thermal (thermochemical) <ul><li>Higher temperatures and conversion rates </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions concerns </li></ul><...
Biochemical Conversion   Anaerobic Digestion, Composting, Fermentation <ul><li>Relatively low temperatures & lower reactio...
Cellulosic biohols  –   waste, weeds, or wine – may get us out of this pickle
Proven Method: Gasification  Anaerobic Digestion <ul><li>Municipalities and private ventures use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Gas...
Physicochemical Conversion Biodiesel liquid fuels <ul><li>Near-ambient temperatures and pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Synthe...
 
The biofuels industry is expanding faster than it is maturing
<ul><li>BioEnergy </li></ul><ul><li>New Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Pond Scum Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Forms: Advantages: </l...
Energy Beets <ul><li>Turning beets into methane & electricity </li></ul><ul><li>WISE Solutions increase simple sugars </li...
 
<ul><li>Onion Juice goes to anaerobic digester to produce CH4 (methane) </li></ul><ul><li>CH4 burned cleanly to power 600 ...
Gills Onions <ul><li>Why they did it </li></ul><ul><li>Saves $700,000 / year in electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces 225,...
Pond Scum Economics:  The race is on! Algae Farming in New Zealand
Industrial Biorefining
Success Keys in BioRenewables <ul><li>All ag waste / biomass = opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Radical innovation … get disr...
<ul><li>Investing in radically innovative BioRenewable technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Bioplastics & green chemistry busine...
Questions? What will you do on Monday morning?
Waste-to-Energy: Cornerstone for Sustainable Cities Daniel N. Robin Founder & Managing Director Online:  In3inc.com   *  E...
www.chrisjordan.com/current_set2.php Depicts 60,000 plastic bags, used every five seconds
2,000,000 plastic bottles, used every 5 minutes
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Waste to Energy presentation for Green Trade Summit

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An overview of waste-to-energy strategies and trends for business and municipalities

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Waste to Energy presentation for Green Trade Summit

  1. 1. Waste-to-Energy: Cornerstone for Sustainable Cities Daniel N. Robin Founder & Managing Director In3 BioRenewables & Renewable Energy Investor Forum Online:  In3inc.com * Email: [email_address] * +1 (831) 761-0700 © 2009 Daniel Robin & Associates / In3 – all rights reserved worldwide Green Trade Network Summit Sept 25, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why waste? </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of the Problem/Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Diversion vs. Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage in … Energy out </li></ul><ul><li>CIWMB Survey of leading technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Profile: Gill’s Onions </li></ul><ul><li>Biorefineries </li></ul><ul><li>What now? </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>Trash is a terrible thing to waste!
  3. 3. Why Talk About Waste? <ul><li>It’s cheap, abundant, local </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly an afterthought </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects linear design </li></ul><ul><li>Can be repurposed, redirected, recovered </li></ul>Nature constantly recycles Take  Make  Waste inefficiency Waste equals Food!
  4. 4. Well, maybe
  5. 5. Linear US Industrial Processes Take  Make  Waste 80% of products discarded after single use 99% of original materials used or contained in US manufactured goods become waste within 6 weeks of sale Waste is created faster than it can be reconstituted back into useful resources (such as soil nutrients or energy) Raw Materials 6% Product 94% Waste Manufacturing Process
  6. 6. Why Use Waste for Energy? Breaks our dependency on centralized energy Disrupt the Fossil Folly!
  7. 7. Advantages of Converting W2E <ul><li>Eliminates disposal costs for the producer </li></ul><ul><li>Can become a profit center via (resource efficiency & productivity) </li></ul><ul><li>Commensurate reduction in air pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Green jobs & marketing (bragging rights) </li></ul><ul><li>Feel-good factor; responsible, sustainable </li></ul>Does W2E help municipalities reach diversion goals?
  8. 8. Why we waste waste <ul><li>Because we can </li></ul><ul><li>Initial capital costs … ROI can take years </li></ul><ul><li>Perception of risk: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who will buy it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At what price? (Energy “price shocks”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s messy, often smelly, volatile/dangerous … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More important things than taking out the garbage </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>HOUSEHOLDS </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYWHERE! </li></ul><ul><li>Common forms </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Solid Waste (MSW): human & pet </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwaste – yard trimmings, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction / demolition wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen / table scraps & other compostables </li></ul><ul><li>Legally dumped industrial wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Illegally dumped … </li></ul>Garbage In … Where DOES It Come From?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Agricultural crops, aquatic plants </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture / aquaculture wastes & residues </li></ul><ul><li>Wood, wood wastes & residues </li></ul><ul><li>Animal wastes (manure, tallow) </li></ul><ul><li>Restaurant & institutional food service waste (yellow grease) </li></ul>Garbage In … Definition: BIOMASS Any renewable, organic matter
  11. 11. Agenda … Energy Out
  12. 12. California Organics Disposed (28,000,000 tons per year; CIWMB)
  13. 13. Disposal vs. Landfill Diversion (CIWMB)
  14. 14. Diversion and Conversion Energy from Waste Recovery <ul><li>Diversion </li></ul><ul><li>Composting </li></ul><ul><li>Chipping/Grinding for Mulch </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse/Recover </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal: incineration, gasification, pyrolisis </li></ul><ul><li>Non-thermal: anaerobic digestion, fermentation </li></ul><ul><li>Physiochemical : synthetic crude oil or biodiesel </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Survey of conversion technologies for municipal solid waste (MSW) to energy </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many CA jurisdictions concerned with landfill capacity and difficulty of new sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Sacramento, San Jose, Santa Cruz, and others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>23 responses from 83 survey requests </li></ul>Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Survey 2009 ciwmb.ca.gov/Publications/Organics/2009008.pdf
  16. 16. WTE Conversion Technologies Technology Responses Thermal 21 Gasification Pyrolysis Autoclaving 2 8 1 Biochemical 10 Anaerobic Digestion AD/Composting Fermentation 6 1 3 Physicochemical 1 Biodiesel 1
  17. 17. Facility Development Stage Laboratory Permitting / Construction Small Pilot Large Pilot Commercial- Scale Demo Commercialized 3 6 2 4 4 5
  18. 18. Commercial Activity
  19. 19. Thermal (thermochemical) <ul><li>Higher temperatures and conversion rates </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions concerns </li></ul><ul><li>A continuum of processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyrolisis : Thermal decomposition in a primarily non-reactive environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasification – Decomposition in a chemically reactive environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autoclaving – Separation of compounds through combinations of heat and pressure </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Biochemical Conversion Anaerobic Digestion, Composting, Fermentation <ul><li>Relatively low temperatures & lower reaction rates </li></ul><ul><li>High selectivity for products </li></ul><ul><li>Higher moisture feedstocks </li></ul><ul><li>Not applicable to non -biodegradables (such as conventional plastics) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cellulosic biohols – waste, weeds, or wine – may get us out of this pickle
  22. 22. Proven Method: Gasification Anaerobic Digestion <ul><li>Municipalities and private ventures use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Gasification produces … </li></ul><ul><li>METHANE – affordable renewable energy (burned to generate heat & electricity) </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOST – returns nutrients to soil </li></ul>
  23. 23. Physicochemical Conversion Biodiesel liquid fuels <ul><li>Near-ambient temperatures and pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis – both physical & chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily used to transform fresh or used vegetable oils, animal fats, greases, tallow, and other feedstocks </li></ul>
  24. 25. The biofuels industry is expanding faster than it is maturing
  25. 26. <ul><li>BioEnergy </li></ul><ul><li>New Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Pond Scum Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Forms: Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner-burning gases Replaces dirtier fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity co-generation Commensurate from methane gas reduction in GHG </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid Biofuels Elim. hauling costs </li></ul><ul><li>Storage in fuel cells Available when needed </li></ul>W2E FutureTech
  26. 27. Energy Beets <ul><li>Turning beets into methane & electricity </li></ul><ul><li>WISE Solutions increase simple sugars </li></ul>WiseSolutions.net sugarbeet.ucdavis.edu Mendota Beet Coop & UC Davis
  27. 29. <ul><li>Onion Juice goes to anaerobic digester to produce CH4 (methane) </li></ul><ul><li>CH4 burned cleanly to power 600 kilowatt fuel cells -- enough to run 460 homes </li></ul>
  28. 30. Gills Onions <ul><li>Why they did it </li></ul><ul><li>Saves $700,000 / year in electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces 225,000 lbs solid waste per day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves additional $400,000 disposal costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Break-even within 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Elim 30K tons CO2-equivalence per year </li></ul>“ It was first a business decision to solve a waste problem.” – Steve Gill
  29. 31. Pond Scum Economics: The race is on! Algae Farming in New Zealand
  30. 32. Industrial Biorefining
  31. 33. Success Keys in BioRenewables <ul><li>All ag waste / biomass = opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Radical innovation … get disruptive! </li></ul><ul><li>“ Biorefinery” yield multiple $ streams </li></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>Investing in radically innovative BioRenewable technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Bioplastics & green chemistry business development since 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Services: </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Market, competitive & risk analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Deal structure and presentation coaching </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization and technology transfer / licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Management consulting, team facilitation, project management </li></ul><ul><li>More at www. in3inc.com /about.html </li></ul>What We Do In spire In novate In vest
  33. 35. Questions? What will you do on Monday morning?
  34. 36. Waste-to-Energy: Cornerstone for Sustainable Cities Daniel N. Robin Founder & Managing Director Online:  In3inc.com * Email: [email_address] * +1 (831) 761-0700 © 2009 Daniel Robin & Associates / In3 – all rights reserved worldwide Green Trade Network Summit Sept 25, 2009
  35. 37. www.chrisjordan.com/current_set2.php Depicts 60,000 plastic bags, used every five seconds
  36. 38. 2,000,000 plastic bottles, used every 5 minutes

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