mLearning or Blended Learning On-the-Go
The Backstory <ul><li>Chinese university campuses cannot keep pace with enrollment growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Universities ...
Overall Rejection Rate at Chinese Universities
Not Admitted Admitted
Changing Conditions <ul><li>As China industrializes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education is more valuable </li></ul></ul...
Enter mLearning <ul><li>mLearning  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stands for ‘mobile learning’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a blen...
Why mLearning Fits China If students cannot come to the university,  the university must go to the students.
<ul><li>Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s E-Learning Lab </li></ul><ul><li>began experimenting with mLearning three years ag...
<ul><li>“ Provide education  anytime , and  anywhere ” </li></ul>Their Goal
E-Learning Classroom
The mClassroom
High-Tech, Low Barriers <ul><li>The resulting system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streams live video of courses </li></ul></ul><u...
This is Where I Came In… <ul><li>July, 2007: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I left for Shanghai to join my contact at SJTU. </li></...
 
Our Studies <ul><ul><li>While in the field, we studied m-Learning in three contexts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A blen...
The Courses <ul><li>The Instructors: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Streamed live and pre-recorded content </li></ul></ul></ul>...
Findings <ul><li>mLearning works well on a large scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000+ students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-...
Findings <ul><li>Students valued the mLearning experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left positive messages in forums </li></ul...
Findings <ul><li>Spontaneous communication occurred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students IM’d each other and the instructor </li...
Findings <ul><li>Those who sent more text messages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earned higher grades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F...
Lessons Learned <ul><li>People  enjoy  learning on-the-go </li></ul><ul><li>The American market will respond to mLearning ...
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mLearning, or Blended Learning On-the-Go

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mLearning, or Blended Learning On-the-Go

  1. 1. mLearning or Blended Learning On-the-Go
  2. 2. The Backstory <ul><li>Chinese university campuses cannot keep pace with enrollment growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Universities in the PRC: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive 21 million applicants yearly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only admit 4.2 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>81% rejection rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60% of Americans receive some higher education </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Overall Rejection Rate at Chinese Universities
  4. 4. Not Admitted Admitted
  5. 5. Changing Conditions <ul><li>As China industrializes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education is more valuable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education is harder to get </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition is fierce </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Enter mLearning <ul><li>mLearning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stands for ‘mobile learning’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a blended learning solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on learner mobility not technological mobility </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Why mLearning Fits China If students cannot come to the university, the university must go to the students.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s E-Learning Lab </li></ul><ul><li>began experimenting with mLearning three years ago. </li></ul>New Direction
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ Provide education anytime , and anywhere ” </li></ul>Their Goal
  10. 10. E-Learning Classroom
  11. 11. The mClassroom
  12. 12. High-Tech, Low Barriers <ul><li>The resulting system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streams live video of courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides mobile access to course content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for interactive text-messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between students and teachers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amongst students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With an ‘answering machine’ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. This is Where I Came In… <ul><li>July, 2007: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I left for Shanghai to join my contact at SJTU. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I spent six weeks in China. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Our Studies <ul><ul><li>While in the field, we studied m-Learning in three contexts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A blended English language course (1000 students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resulting Paper Published in the British Journal of EdTec </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A blended Computer Science course (592 students) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resulting Article in Review at IEEE Transaction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mLearning as Educational Practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resulting Article will be presented in Hong Kong </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. The Courses <ul><li>The Instructors: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Streamed live and pre-recorded content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sent exercises and reminders to distance learners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Received live feedback from mLearners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interacted with all students through forums </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Findings <ul><li>mLearning works well on a large scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1000+ students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-class, eLearning, and mLearning work together seamlessly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favorable end-of-course evaluations </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Findings <ul><li>Students valued the mLearning experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left positive messages in forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote off-topic messages in the forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed learning communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became active learners </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Findings <ul><li>Spontaneous communication occurred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students IM’d each other and the instructor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unusual in a Chinese classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates reduced transactional distance </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Findings <ul><li>Those who sent more text messages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earned higher grades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt more connected to the instructor and class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were more likely to continue with their coursework </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Lessons Learned <ul><li>People enjoy learning on-the-go </li></ul><ul><li>The American market will respond to mLearning if it is adapted to the American classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-cultural context is a factor in instructional design </li></ul><ul><li>Culture neutrality </li></ul>

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