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D De Lallo Chapter10


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D De Lallo Chapter10

  1. 1. Gynecological Concepts Danielle DeLallo Biology 120 R. Abdullah
  2. 2. The time required for the development of a fetus is called gestation <ul><li>The normal length of time for human gestation is 40 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Babies born prior to 37 weeks of gestation are considered premature </li></ul><ul><li>Stages of development: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zygotic/Blastocyst Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryonic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fetal </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Zygotic/Blastocystic <ul><li>Immediately following the meeting of sperm and egg, the fertilized egg begins to multiply repeatedly, forming a zygote, as it travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Once the zygote has multiplied enough to form an inner group protected by a shell, it is called a blastocyst </li></ul><ul><li>The blastocyst reaches the uterus about 5 days after fertilization </li></ul>Source:
  4. 4. Embryonic <ul><li>Once the blastocyst implants in the endometrium, it is known as the embryo </li></ul><ul><li>About 8 weeks long </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the brain, heart, spine, appendage buds, lungs, facial features, digestive tract, and genitals </li></ul>Source:
  5. 5. Fetal <ul><li>The longest stage of gestation </li></ul><ul><li>Rudimentary organs further develop and mature </li></ul><ul><li>Hair and nails grow </li></ul><ul><li>Movement develops </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>Can exist outside of the uterus by 35 weeks </li></ul>Source: 2D and 4D Ultrasound At 20 Weeks
  6. 6. The cessation of menstruation is called menopause <ul><li>Menopause occurs in women between the ages of 45 to 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Ovaries stop releasing eggs, less estrogen and progesterone are produced, and menstruation is reduced and eventually stops </li></ul><ul><li>Hormone Replacement Therapy is the most common treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Once menopause is complete, a woman can no longer get pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms can include: </li></ul><ul><li>Tachycardia </li></ul><ul><li>Hot flashes/night sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Mood swings </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal dryness </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal infection </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased libido </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Urine leakage </li></ul>
  7. 7. TAH-BSO One of the longest terms used in medical terminology refers to the removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This term is Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy
  8. 8. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy <ul><li>Removal of all of the major organs of the female reproductive system </li></ul>Source:
  9. 9. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy <ul><li>Reasons to treat with this procedure: </li></ul><ul><li>Endometrial Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Endometriosis </li></ul><ul><li>Post-operative effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate menopause </li></ul><ul><li>Cystoptosis due to lack of adjacent supporting organs </li></ul><ul><li>Dyspareunia, painful intercourse </li></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> salpingo </li></ul>