Schedule Development - Diploma in Project Management
Diploma in Project ManagementSchedule Development
Learn about the Schedule Development inthe Diploma in Project ManagementQualification.Creating the project schedule is part of theplanning process group. It is calendar-basedand relies on both the project network diagramand the accuracy of time estimates.
Project schedule development, an iterativeprocess, determines planned start and finish dates forproject activities. Schedule development can require thatduration estimates and resource estimates are reviewedand revised to create an approved project schedule thatcan serve as a baseline against which progress can betracked.Schedule development continues throughout the project aswork progresses, the project management planchanges, and anticipated risk events occur or disappear asnew risks are identified.
Schedule Development: InputsOrganisational Process Assets. The organisationalprocess assets of the performing organisation may havesome asset items that can be used in ScheduleDevelopment, such as a project calendar (a calendar ofworking days or shifts that establishes dates onwhich schedule activities are worked, and nonworkingdays on which schedule activities are idle).
Project Scope Statement. The project scope statementcontains assumptions and constraints that can impact thedevelopment of the project schedule. Assumptions are thosedocumented schedule-related factors that, for scheduledevelopment purposes, are considered to be true, real, orcertain. Constraints are factors that will limit the projectmanagement team’s options when performing schedulenetwork analysis.
There are three major categories of time constraintsconsidered during schedule development: Imposed dates on activity starts or finishes can be used torestrict the start or finish to occur either no earlier than aspecified date or no later than a specified date. Whileseveral constraints are typically available in projectmanagement software, the “Start No Earlier Than” and the“Finish No Later Than” constraints are the most commonlyused. Date constraints include such situations as agreed-uponcontract dates, a market window on a technology project,weather restrictions on outdoor activities, government-mandated compliance with environmental remediation,and delivery of materiel from parties not represented inthe project schedule.
The project sponsor, project customer, or otherstakeholders often dictate key events or majormilestones affecting the completion of certaindeliverables by a specified date. Once scheduled, thesedates become expected and can be moved onlythrough approved changes. Milestones can also be used to indicate interfaces withwork outside of the project. Such work is typically notin the project database and milestones with constraintdates can provide the appropriate schedule interface.
Activity List. The activity list is a comprehensive listincluding all schedule activities that are planned to beperformed on the project.Activity Attributes. Activity attributes identify themultiple attributes associated with each schedule activity.(See section relating to Activity Definition: Outputs for amore detailed description).
Project Schedule Network Diagrams. Projectschedule network diagrams are schematic displays ofthe project’s schedule activities and the logical relationshipamong them. (See section relating to Activity Sequencing:Outputs for a more detailed description).Activity Resource Requirements. This refers to theidentification and description of the types and quantities ofresources required for each schedule activity in a workpackage. (See section relating to Activity ResourceEstimating: Outputs for a more detailed description).
Resource Calendars. This details the dates on whichspecific resources are available and whether they are activeor idle. (See section relating to Activity ResourceEstimating: Outputs for a more detailed description).Activity Duration Estimates. These are quantitativeassessments of the likely number of work periods that willbe required to complete a schedule activity. (See sectionrelating to Activity Duration Estimating: Outputs for a moredetailed description).
Project Management Plan. The project managementplan contains the schedule management plan, costmanagement plan, project scope management plan, andrisk management plan. These plans guide the scheduledevelopment, as well as components that directly supportthe Schedule Development process. One such componentis the risk register.Risk Register. The risk register identifies the project risksand associated risk response plans that are needed tosupport the Schedule Development process.
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