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Information Management Toolbox – Welcome
Information Management Toolbox
KADK library
KADK Library – Kulturnat 2015 – Sandr...
Information Management Toolbox – Welcome
Course instructors
KADK library
Daniel Gunnarsson
Librarian, Swedish
Daniel.gunna...
• Albert Algreen-Petersen
• Angela D’Ascoli
• Anupama Devi Garla
• Bodil Bøjer
• Imke Wies van Mil
• Michael Hauris Lysemo...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Daniel Gunnarsson - introduction
KADK library
• KADK since 2009
• Ar...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Information Management Toolbox
KADK library
• First ph.d. course by ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Session 1 – Information Literacy - Agenda
KADK library
• Fundamental...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Session 1 – Information Literacy - Agenda
KADK library
09.30 – 09.40...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Library & Information Science - LIS
KADK library
• Statement of the ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Library & Information Science
KADK library
• The capacity to search,...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Information Literacy - Definition
KADK library
• Information literac...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
An information literate individual is able to:
KADK library
• Determ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
An information literate individual is able to:
KADK library
• Incorp...
”…as while architects might perform
some similar information behaviour
as other types of professionals,
the research liter...
Cobbledick identified five areas of
information that appear most common
sought by artists
• Inspiration
• Specific visual ...
”Research into the information-seeking
behaviour of artistic and creatively
minded library users
repeatedly shows a strong...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Architects´& Designers Information Behaviour
KADK library
• Quick & Dirty
• Conventional Subject Searching
• Reference List Checking
• Contact with experts
• Citation Searching
Inf...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Search Methods – Quick & Dirty
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Search Methods – Quick & Dirty
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Search Methods – Quick & Dirty
KADK library
http://www.internetlives...
Catalan Proverb recited by
Robert Saviano, author of Gomorrah:
”Following a flood, the first thing
lacking is water” Drink...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Conventional/
Structured
Subject Searching
KADK library
Aka - Structured subject searching
• Necessary when the objective is to
cover a subject thoroughly
(Papaioannou et al., 20...
• Strategy developed by Chaim Zins
• Created and adjusted after several
extensive studies
• Foundation is the 5 W’s
WHAT, ...
1. WHAT
define the search assignment
2. WHERE
locate resources
3. WORDS
choose search terms
4. WORK
choose appropriate sea...
• Refinement
• Changing the
WORDS, WHERE, WHAT
• WORK – search frequently, use
search agents
• A repetitive process
Inform...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
Define the search assignment
• Be creative
• Brainstorm
• Find as many relevant aspects as
possible of your topic/subject
...
Start by identifying what you will need
to know to inform your research:
• What research has already been
done on this top...
• What other research (perhaps not
directly on the topic) might be
relevant to your investigation?
• How do these sub-topi...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
• How many databases you should
search depends on the subject
• Cross-disciplinary subjects, several
sources is necessary
...
Surface Web
1. Google, Bing, Yandex, Baidu
2. Wikipedia, blogs, news
Deep Web
3. Databases
4. Academic Journals
Dark Web
5...
• the enormous Deep Web and
the much smaller Dark Web
are inaccessible to Surface
Web crawlers such as Google.
• there is ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web
KADK library
• Deep Web ab...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web
KADK library
Surface Web –...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web
KADK library
Deep Web – In...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar
KADK library
A speci...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar
KADK library
This is...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar
KADK library
http://...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Databases – focus - books
KADK library
Margaret Hunt Hill Br...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Databases – Articles/Journals
KADK library
Blå bænke – Sandr...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Databases – Articles/Journals
KADK library
Stjernevejsprojke...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – subject/material specific
KADK library
Hjerting Kirke – Mikk...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WHERE – Scholarly publications – thesis/dissertations
KADK library
•...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WHERE
KADK library
Margaret...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS
KADK library
Aller Tr...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS
KADK library
• An ind...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS
KADK library
• They a...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS
KADK library
• Having...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS - keywords
KADK library
When choosing keywords, all possible
w...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools
KADK library
• Thesaurus in databases
• Subjec...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools
KADK library
• Findbasen.dk uses subjects
• Mo...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools
KADK library
There are 60 other materials usin...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – Thesaurus Rex
KADK library
A person who uses a word program ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – Thesaurus - not a dinosaur
KADK library
• a book of words or...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – visualthesaurus.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – visualthesaurus.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – ordbogen.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – wordnik.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – wordnik.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – thesaurus.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – keyword tools – leo.com
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORDS – Dot the Dot - exercise
KADK library
Within your thesis/topic...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WORK
KADK library
• Get an ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search Techniques
KADK library
• Phrase search
• Boolean oper...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – search technique – Phrase search
KADK library
• To search for...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Avery Index
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Avery Index
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Phrase Search – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Phrase Search – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Worldcat.org
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Phrase search – Worldcat.org
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique - Boolean operators
KADK library
• Boolean o...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Boolean operators
KADK library
• Many databases uses AND as de...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Boolean operators – the foundation
KADK library
The Boolean Se...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Boolean operators – the foundation
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Boolean operators
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK –Boolean operators
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Boolean operators + phrase search
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards
KADK library
• Trun...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards
KADK library
• A wi...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards
KADK library
Spejde...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Database search limitators - refinement
KADK library
Plug N P...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Avery/DAAI – Narrow results by
KADK library
Plug N Play – San...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Avery/DAAI – Narrow results by
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Statsbiblioteket Article service
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Statsbiblioteket Article service
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – Bibliotek.dk – Refine your search
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK – worldcat.org – Refine your search
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
WORK + WHERE – Recapitulation search functions
KADK library
• Most h...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WOW
KADK library
Energitårn...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WOW
KADK library
Energitårn...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Success - a structured search strategy - WOW
KADK library
Energitårn...
• Quick & Dirty
• Conventional Subject Searching
• Reference List Checking
• Contact with experts
• Citation Searching
Inf...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference List
Checking and
Citation searching
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking/ Citation chaining
KADK library
Havnevej – A...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking - Jstor
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking - Jstor
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking - Jstor
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking – Science Direct
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking – Science Direct
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking – Science Direct
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Reference list checking – Publisher/Journal site
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching/Cited reference search
KADK library
• Citation se...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching/Cited reference search
KADK library
• citation se...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching vs Reference list checking
KADK library
Reference...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
Citation searching is
only available on a
small number ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching - Scopus
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching – Google Scholar
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation Searching - recapitulation
KADK library
• Google Scholar is...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Citation pearl growing – Search method
KADK library
“Citation pearl ...
• Quick & Dirty
• Conventional Subject Searching
• Reference List Checking
• Contact with experts – session 2 & 4
• Citati...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Serendipity – From Tea Shop to Tea Field
KADK library
https://www.yo...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Serendipity – Definition
KADK library
“In order to increase likeliho...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism
and verifying
your references
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
”…the Inte...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
So much fa...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & fact check – Snopes.com
KADK library
http://www.s...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
http://uni...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
Source Criticism – Predatory Journals
KADK library
• Open Access (OA) 'predatory'
journals are now part of the
scholarly c...
Source Criticism – Predatory Journals
KADK library
• Bealls list is a list of questionable,
scholarly open-access publishe...
Source Criticism – Predatory Journals
KADK library
Common characteristics of
predatory publishers
• High manuscript accept...
Source Criticism – Predatory Journals
KADK library
Common characteristics of
predatory publishers
• Little attention paid ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
• How can ...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
A long his...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
It also is...
Source Criticism – Checklist method
KADK library
• Who is behind the material?
• What do you know about the
publisher?
• W...
Source Criticism – Checklist method
KADK library
”Taken together, these studies
speak to a need to think beyond
the checkl...
Methods for evaluating information sources
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
http://pure.i...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
“Good, sch...
Evaluating Information Sources – the Goal
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
http://pure.iv...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & Author Credentials
KADK library
Study of Author c...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism – Number of citations as a factor
KADK library
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & Peer Review
KADK library
• Peer Review is usually...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & Publisher reputation
KADK library
One of three GO...
Evaluating Information Sources – the Goal
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
http://pure.iv...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Source Criticism & verifying your references
KADK library
(Lehrer qu...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Structure of
Information and
Literature Review
KADK library
Information Overload – again
KADK library
• Now you have loads of relevant and
useful information.
• How do you keep track...
Information Overload – Search history/search agents
KADK library
Create an account at the databases you
use most frequentl...
Information Overload – Search history/search agents
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Information Overload – Search history/search agents
KADK library
Create an account is available at most
databases, for exa...
Information Overload – Search history/search agents
KADK library
Make it a habit to log on to the
databases you use, to fa...
Information Overload – Search history/search agents
KADK library
Basically every database you visit have
the function and ...
Information Overload – organizational tools
KADK library
• Wunderlist
• Any.do
• Errands to do list
• Remember the milk
• ...
Information Overload – Workflowy.com
KADK library
WorkFlowy is a zoomable document
that provides unprecedented flexibility...
IMT – Citation and Reference Management
Session 3 – Citation & Reference Management - Agenda
KADK library
• Basics of Cita...
Literature Review
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
The literature review cycle - Image cr...
Literature Review - Article
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Literature Review - Article
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
http://lemass.net/capstone/f...
Literature Review – What is it?
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
A literature review is a...
Literature Review – Why write it?
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
A literature review de...
Literature Review – Why write it?
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
A literature review de...
Literature Review – How do I get started?
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Start by ident...
Literature Review – How do I get started?
KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
• What other r...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Group work & Individual Guidance
KADK library
Describe your research...
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
Thank you!
KADK library
https://kadk.dk/employee/daniel-gunnarsson
Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
References
KADK library
Zins, Chaim. "Success, a structured search s...
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Imt session 1 - information literacy april 2016

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IMT - Information Management Toolbox - Information Literacy with Ph.d. students at the KADK school.

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Imt session 1 - information literacy april 2016

  1. 1. Information Management Toolbox – Welcome Information Management Toolbox KADK library KADK Library – Kulturnat 2015 – Sandra Gonon – CC-BY-NC-SA
  2. 2. Information Management Toolbox – Welcome Course instructors KADK library Daniel Gunnarsson Librarian, Swedish Daniel.gunnarsson@kadk.dk Gitte Lunde Jørgensen Librarian, Danish glj@kadk.dk
  3. 3. • Albert Algreen-Petersen • Angela D’Ascoli • Anupama Devi Garla • Bodil Bøjer • Imke Wies van Mil • Michael Hauris Lysemose Information Management Toolbox – Welcome Course participants KADK library • Natalie Koerner • Nicholas Thomas Lee • Pelle Munch-Petersen • Svala Vagnsdatter Andersen • Tanja Thøgersen • Zhu Jie
  4. 4. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Daniel Gunnarsson - introduction KADK library • KADK since 2009 • Architecture Library in Lund • Research support team • Arkitekturbilleder.dk • Findbasen.dk Lunds Domkyrka – Wikimedia Commons - Jorchr
  5. 5. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Information Management Toolbox KADK library • First ph.d. course by the Library • Lectures, discussions, hands-on • Relate to your research • Early on in your studies • Evaluation & Development Shannon and his famous electromechanical mouse Theseus
  6. 6. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Session 1 – Information Literacy - Agenda KADK library • Fundamental Information Literacy • Search strategies • Search methods & techniques • Literature Review • Source Criticism Superkilen – Sanne Krogh- arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  7. 7. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Session 1 – Information Literacy - Agenda KADK library 09.30 – 09.40 Introducing the IMT course & agenda 09.40 – 10.20 Basics of Information Literacy and Information Retrieval 10.20 – 10.30 Break 10.40 – 11.20 Search strategies – search techniques – search tools 11.20 – 11.30 Break 11.30 – 12.00 Anne Beim – From Scholar to Researcher - special guest 12.00 – 13.00 Lunch Break 13.00 – 13.40 Literature Review & Source Criticism 13.40 – 13.50 Break 13.50 – 14.30 Group work & individual guidance
  8. 8. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Library & Information Science - LIS KADK library • Statement of the core concern of LIS: “Humans becoming informed (constructing meaning) via intermediation between inquirers and instrumented records. No other field has this as its concern.” (Konrad, 2007) Sorte Diamant - Rimas Steponaitis arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  9. 9. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Library & Information Science KADK library • The capacity to search, analyse, select, organise and present information and in that process transform information to knowledge has a solid foundation in the international scientific discipline information science. (Åström 2008) Biblioteket Rentemestervej – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  10. 10. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Information Literacy - Definition KADK library • Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.“ http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency#f1 Nørreport Station – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  11. 11. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy An information literate individual is able to: KADK library • Determine the extent of information needed • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently • Evaluate information and its sources critically Sædden Kirke – Rimas Stiponaitis - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SAhttp://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency#f1
  12. 12. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy An information literate individual is able to: KADK library • Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency#f1 Sædden Kirke – Rimas Stiponaitis - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  13. 13. ”…as while architects might perform some similar information behaviour as other types of professionals, the research literature highlight many unique aspects of architects’ information behavior that have not been found, or have been found to be less important in other disciplines.” (Makri s.1747) Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Architects´& Designers Information Behaviour KADK library Tønder Vandtårn – Gitte Gylling H Olesen - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  14. 14. Cobbledick identified five areas of information that appear most common sought by artists • Inspiration • Specific visual image needs • Technichal knowledge (how-to instruction) • Marketing and career guidance • Current trends and events Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Architects´& Designers Information Behaviour KADK library
  15. 15. ”Research into the information-seeking behaviour of artistic and creatively minded library users repeatedly shows a strong emphasis on visual and physical collection browsing, along with a preference for visual information over textual formats.” (Gluibizzi & Glassman 2010) Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Architects´& Designers Information Behaviour KADK library
  16. 16. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Architects´& Designers Information Behaviour KADK library
  17. 17. • Quick & Dirty • Conventional Subject Searching • Reference List Checking • Contact with experts • Citation Searching Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search methods - overview KADK library Vestas Technology R&D – Henriette S Kristensen – arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  18. 18. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search Methods – Quick & Dirty KADK library
  19. 19. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search Methods – Quick & Dirty KADK library
  20. 20. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search Methods – Quick & Dirty KADK library http://www.internetlivestats.com/
  21. 21. Catalan Proverb recited by Robert Saviano, author of Gomorrah: ”Following a flood, the first thing lacking is water” Drinking water. This is exactly what is happening with information. We get lots of information but hardly any that is ”drinkable” Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Information Overload KADK library Vele by Franz Di Salvo – domusweb.it http://maclehosepress.com/tag/robert-saviano/
  22. 22. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Conventional/ Structured Subject Searching KADK library
  23. 23. Aka - Structured subject searching • Necessary when the objective is to cover a subject thoroughly (Papaioannou et al., 2009) • Equal parts of systematization and creativity (Zins, 2000) • A reiterative process - never one fixed recipe – many trials to reach the goal Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search methods – Conventional Subject Searching KADK library Grundfos kollegiet – Mads Baj Engedal - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  24. 24. • Strategy developed by Chaim Zins • Created and adjusted after several extensive studies • Foundation is the 5 W’s WHAT, WHERE, WORDS, WORK, WOW • 5 basic steps and 7 general guidelines when conducting a search Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy KADK library Almond Butterscotch – Williams Tower Houston Texas - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  25. 25. 1. WHAT define the search assignment 2. WHERE locate resources 3. WORDS choose search terms 4. WORK choose appropriate search method conduct the search 5. WOW evaluate and assess results if necessary repeat search by refining Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy KADK library Handicaporganisationernes hus – Bo Bolther- arkitekturbillede.dk - CC BY-NC-SA
  26. 26. • Refinement • Changing the WORDS, WHERE, WHAT • WORK – search frequently, use search agents • A repetitive process Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy KADK library
  27. 27. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
  28. 28. Define the search assignment • Be creative • Brainstorm • Find as many relevant aspects as possible of your topic/subject • Be systematic Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WHAT KADK library Atrium Teknikerbyen – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk –CC-BY-NC-SA
  29. 29. Start by identifying what you will need to know to inform your research: • What research has already been done on this topic? • What are the sub-areas of the topic you need to explore? Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WHAT KADK library Atrium Teknikerbyen – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk –CC-BY-NC-SA
  30. 30. • What other research (perhaps not directly on the topic) might be relevant to your investigation? • How do these sub-topics and other research overlap with your investigation? Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WHAT KADK library Atrium Teknikerbyen – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk –CC-BY-NC-SA
  31. 31. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
  32. 32. • How many databases you should search depends on the subject • Cross-disciplinary subjects, several sources is necessary • Content within a subject differs from one database to another Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WHERE KADK library http://worldwidescience.org/index.html
  33. 33. Surface Web 1. Google, Bing, Yandex, Baidu 2. Wikipedia, blogs, news Deep Web 3. Databases 4. Academic Journals Dark Web 5. Tor network, alternate search engines, Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web KADK library http://www.brightplanet.com/2014/03/clearing-confusion-deep-web-vs-dark-web/ Planet, Bright. "The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden Value." http (2000). http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jep/3336451.0007.104?view=text;rgn=main
  34. 34. • the enormous Deep Web and the much smaller Dark Web are inaccessible to Surface Web crawlers such as Google. • there is a distinct difference between the Deep Web and the Dark Web as these contain different types of information Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web KADK library
  35. 35. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web KADK library • Deep Web about 7500 Terabytes • Surface Web about 19 terabytes • Deep Web has between 400 and 550 times more public information than the Surface Web. • 95% of the Deep Web is publically accessible • More than 200,000 Deep Web sites currently exist. http://www.slideshare.net/DamirDelijadamirdeli/2014-deep-web
  36. 36. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web KADK library Surface Web – Visible Web 4 % of www material 2 billion documents Deep Web – Invisible Web 96% of www material 550 billion documents
  37. 37. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Dark Web KADK library Deep Web – Invisible Web 99% of scientific documents in databases in Deep web Deep web is not accessible to search engines and robots
  38. 38. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar KADK library A special case: Google Scholar is part of the public or visible web. It contains citations to journal articles and other publications, with links to publishers or other sources where one can try to access the full text of the items. Jstor, researchgate, science direct, pubmed, doaj and many more.
  39. 39. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar KADK library This is convenient, but results in Google Scholar are only a small fraction of all the scholarly publications that exist online. Much more - including most of the full text - is available through article databases that are part of the invisible (deep) web.
  40. 40. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Surface Web – Deep Web – Google Scholar KADK library http://guides.library.illinois.edu/c.php?g=347352&p=2343099
  41. 41. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Databases – focus - books KADK library Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge by Patrick Feller – Flickr - CC-BY-2.0 • Findbasen.dk - KADK library • Rex.kb.dk – Royal library • Bibliotek.dk – Danish libraries • Worldcat.org – World library collection • Ebrary – ebooks – cross disciplinary https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  42. 42. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Databases – Articles/Journals KADK library Blå bænke – Sandra Gonon – arkitekturbilleder.dk CC-BY-2.0 • Jstor – articles - cross disciplinary • Science Direct – articles – natural science • Avery/DAAI – index - architecture/design • Statsbiblioteket Article service 65 million articles – order to KADK https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  43. 43. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Databases – Articles/Journals KADK library Stjernevejsprojketet – Sandra Gonon – Arkitekturbilleder.dk CC-BY-NC- SA • Cumincad – Computer aided architectural Design • BERG – Fashion index • Google Scholar – Scientific material • DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  44. 44. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – subject/material specific KADK library Hjerting Kirke – Mikkel Lux Larsen – arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA • Infomedia – Danish newsarticles • Material Connexion – Material Visit KEA material Library - • Materia – Material • VADS – Visual arts collection https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  45. 45. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WHERE – Scholarly publications – thesis/dissertations KADK library • Research.kadk.dk • Danish National research database http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/en • Diva Portal – Swedish research • CRISTIN – Current Research Information System In Norway • Proquest Dissertation & Thesis – US research https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser Darwin Centre – Rasmus Boysen Feddersen– arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  46. 46. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WHERE KADK library Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge by Patrick Feller – Flickr - CC-BY-2.0 Images, drawings and Illustrations Session 3 • Europeana • Flickr • Open buildings • Tineye • KBH Arkiv • Danish Arts Library • Digital museum – Sweden/Norway
  47. 47. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
  48. 48. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS KADK library Aller Tryk – Bo Bolther – arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA • Keywords • Subjects • Descriptors • Subject term • Index term • Subject headings (Thesaurus) • Tags • Search terms • Search words
  49. 49. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS KADK library • An index term, subject term, subject heading, or descriptor, in information retrieval, is a term that captures the essence of the topic of a document. • Index terms make up a controlled vocabulary for use in bibliographic records. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_term Aller Tryk – Bo Bolther – arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA
  50. 50. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS KADK library • They are an integral part of bibliographic control, which is the function by which libraries and databases collect, organize and disseminate documents. • They are used as keywords to retrieve documents in an information system, for instance, a catalog or a search engine. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_term Aller Tryk – Bo Bolther – arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA
  51. 51. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WORDS KADK library • Having defined the search topic and identified the key concepts - WHAT • you need to produce a list of keywords that will be used as your search terms when you begin your search. • Your keywords should consist of all possible words or phrases that might be used to describe your subject. Cirkelbroen – Mikael Mundt - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA-NC
  52. 52. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS - keywords KADK library When choosing keywords, all possible words or phrases should be considered, including: • Synonyms (words that mean the same thing) • Alternative terminology and spelling (e.g. US & UK) • Related terms (broader or narrower). • Variations in word endings (e.g. singular or plural) Cirkelbroen – Mikael Mundt - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA-NC
  53. 53. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools KADK library • Thesaurus in databases • Subject terms in databases • Keywords in databases • Visualthesaurus.com • Wordnik.org • Thesaurus.com • Ordbogen.com • Leo.com • Britannica Vester Voldgade – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA
  54. 54. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools KADK library • Findbasen.dk uses subjects • Most are in danish • Find material which uses the same subjects • For example architectural drawing
  55. 55. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools KADK library There are 60 other materials using Architectural drawing as subject 60 on teknisk tegning 227 on digital arkitektur 21 digital architecture
  56. 56. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – Thesaurus Rex KADK library A person who uses a word program or internet thesaurus in order to make their papers or written works appear smarter by replacing common words with larger or uncommon words. “The phrontistery is a Thesaurus Rex's wet dream.” http://phrontistery.info/ http://da.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Thesaurus+Rex Alex Ruiz - Thesaurus
  57. 57. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – Thesaurus - not a dinosaur KADK library • a book of words or of information about a particular field or set of concepts; especially : a book of words and their synonyms • a list of subject headings or descriptors usually with a cross-reference system for use in the organization of a collection of documents for reference and retrieval http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/thesaurus Alex Ruiz - Thesaurus
  58. 58. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – visualthesaurus.com KADK library
  59. 59. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – visualthesaurus.com KADK library
  60. 60. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – ordbogen.com KADK library
  61. 61. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – wordnik.com KADK library
  62. 62. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – wordnik.com KADK library
  63. 63. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – thesaurus.com KADK library
  64. 64. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – keyword tools – leo.com KADK library
  65. 65. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORDS – Dot the Dot - exercise KADK library Within your thesis/topic write down 3 keywords Give those 3 keywords to your neighbour whom adds 2 new Give it once again to your neighbour and repeat Use tools if necessary Vester Voldgade – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-SA
  66. 66. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
  67. 67. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WORK KADK library • Get an overview of different databases and their content • Know their features & structure • Search vs advanced search • Refinement functions Godsbanen – Rasmus Maabjerg - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  68. 68. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search Techniques KADK library • Phrase search • Boolean operators • Truncation • Refinment Use them to: • Improve relevance • Narrow search • Broaden search Godsbanen – Rasmus Maabjerg - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  69. 69. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – search technique – Phrase search KADK library • To search for an exact phrase, you must enclose the words in quotation marks, i.e. “urban planning”. • Phrase searching decreases the number of results you get and makes your results more relevant. • This applies in many research databases Portland Towers – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  70. 70. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Avery Index KADK library
  71. 71. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Avery Index KADK library
  72. 72. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Google Scholar KADK library
  73. 73. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Google Scholar KADK library
  74. 74. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Phrase Search – Google Scholar KADK library
  75. 75. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Phrase Search – Google Scholar KADK library
  76. 76. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Worldcat.org KADK library
  77. 77. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Phrase search – Worldcat.org KADK library
  78. 78. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique - Boolean operators KADK library • Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT) allow you to combine search terms in different combinations. • Databases often show Boolean operators as buttons or drop-down menus that you can click to combine your search terms or results. • Get to know how your databases make use of the Boolean operators
  79. 79. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Boolean operators KADK library • Many databases uses AND as default and result will be the same • Some databases can’t handle NOT as operator • Some regard AND/OR/NOT as search terms returning many results • Advanced search is often the key
  80. 80. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Boolean operators – the foundation KADK library The Boolean Set operation Combine solids based on the set operations. Commonly used to compose 3D models.
  81. 81. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Boolean operators – the foundation KADK library
  82. 82. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Boolean operators KADK library
  83. 83. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK –Boolean operators KADK library
  84. 84. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Boolean operators + phrase search KADK library
  85. 85. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards KADK library • Truncation is useful for finding singular and plural forms of words and variant endings. • Many databases use an asterisk * or? as their truncation symbol. • I.e. typing therap* into a search box will find references containing any of these words: therapy, therapies, therapist or therapists. Mirror bridge – Rasmus B Feddersen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  86. 86. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards KADK library
  87. 87. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards KADK library
  88. 88. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards KADK library • A wildcard finds variant spellings of words. • Many databases use a question mark ? or * as their wildcard symbol. • Wildcards are useful for finding British and American spellings, for example, behavio?r will find behaviour and also behavior. Spejderhuset Hindemosen – Rolf Sjögreen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  89. 89. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Search technique – Truncation & wildcards KADK library Spejderhuset Hindemosen – Rolf Sjögreen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SAhttp://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/british-and-american-spelling British US apologize or apologise apologize organize or organise organize recognize or recognise recognize British US analyse analyze breathalyse breathalyze paralyse paralyze
  90. 90. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Database search limitators - refinement KADK library Plug N Play – Sandra Gonon - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA The limitators and database interface will vary according to database, common feats: • Year • Peer Reviewed/Scholarly • Publication/Document type • Subject/Topic • Author • Language • Controlled subject terms
  91. 91. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Avery/DAAI – Narrow results by KADK library Plug N Play – Sandra Gonon - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  92. 92. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Avery/DAAI – Narrow results by KADK library
  93. 93. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Statsbiblioteket Article service KADK library
  94. 94. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Statsbiblioteket Article service KADK library
  95. 95. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – Bibliotek.dk – Refine your search KADK library
  96. 96. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK – worldcat.org – Refine your search KADK library
  97. 97. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy WORK + WHERE – Recapitulation search functions KADK library • Most have advanced search • Most have narrow/refine search options • Most allow use of Boolean operators • Basically all allow truncation & wildcards • All have functions to optimize searches Plug N Play – Sandra Gonon - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA
  98. 98. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library
  99. 99. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WOW KADK library Energitårnet – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA • You have succcessfully found useful material and resources • That material can be used for further searches • The material can give you new keywords, insights and angles of your research
  100. 100. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WOW KADK library Energitårnet – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA If results are not satisfactory, consider: • Search terms - Consult the thesaurus/term finder • Combination of blocks - Remove or add a block to expand or restrict the search • Choice of database
  101. 101. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Success - a structured search strategy - WOW KADK library Energitårnet – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk - CC-BY-NC-SA 1. WHAT define the search assignment 2. WHERE locate resources 3. WORDS choose search terms 4. WORK choose appropriate search method conduct the search 5. WOW evaluate and assess results if necessary repeat search by refining
  102. 102. • Quick & Dirty • Conventional Subject Searching • Reference List Checking • Contact with experts • Citation Searching Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search methods - overview KADK library Vestas Technology R&D – Henriette S Kristensen – arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  103. 103. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference List Checking and Citation searching KADK library
  104. 104. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking/ Citation chaining KADK library Havnevej – Andreas Trier Mørch - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa “The data do suggest that in situations where researchers may have difficulty locating information, checking through the reference lists may be an important way to reduce the risk of missing relevant information.” (Horsley, 2011)
  105. 105. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking - Jstor KADK library
  106. 106. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking - Jstor KADK library
  107. 107. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking - Jstor KADK library
  108. 108. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking – Science Direct KADK library
  109. 109. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking – Science Direct KADK library
  110. 110. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking – Science Direct KADK library
  111. 111. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Reference list checking – Publisher/Journal site KADK library
  112. 112. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching/Cited reference search KADK library • Citation searching is useful if you already have a useful reference to a book or journal article on the subject you are researching. • It allows you to search forward in the published literature, starting from your known reference, to locate new articles which cite your known reference in their bibliographies Aktivitetshus – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  113. 113. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching/Cited reference search KADK library • citation searching is a useful alternative to other methods of subject searching, and can sometimes give better results. • citation searching usually works best if your known reference is of high quality by leaders in the field, and limited to the subject you are researching. • Also called Cited reference search Aktivitetshus – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  114. 114. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching vs Reference list checking KADK library Reference list checking looks back. Cited reference search looks back and forward on references & others which have cited the same work. this image is produced by Thomson Reuters, who produced the first ever citation database Science Citation Index in 1961.
  115. 115. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy KADK library Citation searching is only available on a small number of databases: • Web of Science • Scopus • Google Scholar This image is produced by Thomson Reuters, who produced the first ever citation database Science Citation Index in 1961. Citation Searching/Cited reference search
  116. 116. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching - Scopus KADK library
  117. 117. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching – Google Scholar KADK library
  118. 118. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching – Google Scholar KADK library
  119. 119. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation Searching - recapitulation KADK library • Google Scholar is useful • Verify & double check using Scopus & WOS – Royal Library • Citation chaining and cited reference searching are great methods for finding additional research on your topic. Aktivitetshus – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  120. 120. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Citation pearl growing – Search method KADK library “Citation pearl growing is the process of using the characteristics of a relevant and authoritative article, called a pearl, to search for other relevant and authoritative materials.” (Ramer, 2005) The same method can be found in subject/keyword - pearl growing Udsigtstårn i Nordhavnen – Bo Bolther arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  121. 121. • Quick & Dirty • Conventional Subject Searching • Reference List Checking • Contact with experts – session 2 & 4 • Citation Searching Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Search methods - overview KADK library Vestas Technology R&D – Henriette S Kristensen – arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  122. 122. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Serendipity – From Tea Shop to Tea Field KADK library https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU9f-oNlI8o
  123. 123. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Serendipity – Definition KADK library “In order to increase likelihood of serendipity, environments should be trigger-rich and highlight triggers. “Trigger rich settings include those designed to deliver information or provide opportunities for bumping into information such as libraries and unfamiliar environments.” (McCay‐Peet, Lori & Toms, 2011)
  124. 124. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism and verifying your references KADK library
  125. 125. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library ”…the Internet has made the need to critically evaluate information more important than ever before while also shifting the burden of credibility assessment and quality control from professional gatekeepers onto individual information seekers” (Metzger 2007) Retten på Frederiksberg – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  126. 126. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library So much fake news, stories and articles circulating that there are people working solely on fact checking and investigating the stories: • Snopes.com • Viralgranskaren.se • Factcheck.org • Truthorfiction.com Stephen Hawk – I have a few things to talk to you about – Flickr - Cc-by-nc-2.0
  127. 127. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & fact check – Snopes.com KADK library http://www.snopes.com/refugee-invaders-meme/
  128. 128. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library
  129. 129. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library http://universitypost.dk/article/penkowa-dummies Milena Penkowa is at the centre of eight cases: Milena Penkowa is suspected of embezzlement, fraud, forgery of documents and falsely accusing her student assistant. The University of Copenhagen suspects Penkowa of forgery and fraud in connection with laboratory tests with rats in 2002. Suspicions of dishonesty in parts of Milena Penkowas research.
  130. 130. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library
  131. 131. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library
  132. 132. Source Criticism – Predatory Journals KADK library • Open Access (OA) 'predatory' journals are now part of the scholarly communication landscape. • We strongly recommend that researchers always check the credibility of unfamiliar publishers and journals prior to submission. https://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/ Den Arktiske Ring – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  133. 133. Source Criticism – Predatory Journals KADK library • Bealls list is a list of questionable, scholarly open-access publishers. • Scholars is recommended to read the available reviews, assessments and descriptions provided. • Then make a decision if you want to submit articles, serve as editors or be on their editorial boards. https://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/ Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  134. 134. Source Criticism – Predatory Journals KADK library Common characteristics of predatory publishers • High manuscript acceptance rates or acceptance guarantees • The publisher sends you an un- solicited invitation to submit an article for publication • Minimal (or non -existent) peer review process Den Arktiske Ring – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa http://www.carl-abrc.ca/uploads/SCC/predatory_pubs_primer-e.pdf Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  135. 135. Source Criticism – Predatory Journals KADK library Common characteristics of predatory publishers • Little attention paid to digital preservation • Not necessarily indexed in electronic databases • Journals may be short lived • No archiving policy Den Arktiske Ring – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa http://www.carl-abrc.ca/uploads/SCC/predatory_pubs_primer-e.pdf Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  136. 136. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library • How can you verify and look critically at the information and litterature you find? • Are there any tools and measures to use to certify your sources? • What is a credible, trustworthy source? Retten på Frederiksberg – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  137. 137. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library A long history of research finds that credibility is a multifaceted concept with two primary dimensions: expertise and trustworthiness. Secondary factors affect credibility perceptions as well, including source attractiveness and dynamism, for example. (O’Keefe, 2002) Stephen Hawk – I have a few things to talk to you about – Flickr - Cc-by-nc-2.0
  138. 138. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library It also is understood that the credibility of a source or message is a receiver-based judgment which involves both objective judgments of information quality or accuracy as well as subjective perceptions of the source’s trustworthiness, expertise, and attractiveness (Freeman & Spyridakis,2004). Stephen Hawk – I have a few things to talk to you about – Flickr - Cc-by-nc-2.0
  139. 139. Source Criticism – Checklist method KADK library • Who is behind the material? • What do you know about the publisher? • What is the objective of the website/page? • Does the originator have any contact information? • When was the website/page last updated? http://www.sdu.dk/en/information_til/studerende_ved_sdu/vejledning/studieteknik/informationssoegning/kilde_kritik_internet Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy P-hus Glostrup Hospital – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  140. 140. Source Criticism – Checklist method KADK library ”Taken together, these studies speak to a need to think beyond the checklist model to get people to critically evaluate the information they find online” (Metzger, s.2083, 2007) Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  141. 141. Methods for evaluating information sources KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy http://pure.iva.dk/files/33176729/jis_1689_final.pdf
  142. 142. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library “Good, scholarly reading is to be aware of different perspectives, and to situate oneself among them.” (Hjørland, 2012) Three GOLD standards Retten på Frederiksberg – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  143. 143. Evaluating Information Sources – the Goal KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy http://pure.iva.dk/files/33176729/jis_1689_final.pdf To read a text is often not a simple process. It involves considering a text • in relation to other texts • in relation to the methods used • and the social interest it serves and counteracts, • and in relation to its public reception as indicated by, for example, bibliometric measures. Portland Towers – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  144. 144. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & Author Credentials KADK library Study of Author credentials is considered by many one of three GOLD standards in research assessment. • Affiliation • Publications • Co-authors • History • Publisher
  145. 145. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism – Number of citations as a factor KADK library
  146. 146. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & Peer Review KADK library • Peer Review is usually regarded as a GOLD standard in academia. • Peer review – 2 or more subject experts, on level or above the author, evaluate an information source. • Many databases have peer review as a refinment option.
  147. 147. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & Publisher reputation KADK library One of three GOLD standards in research assesment. Journals, monographs and Grey literature 1. Is the journal published by a publisher with a fine reputation? 2. Is the journal itself well respected? 3. What is the journal’s impact factor (JIF) – Scopus – Web of Science
  148. 148. Evaluating Information Sources – the Goal KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy http://pure.iva.dk/files/33176729/jis_1689_final.pdf All the methods are just steps on our way in learning how to read, understand and criticize texts. But as such they may represent valuable or indeeed necessary steps that counteract the use of narrow and one- sided approaches. Portland Towers – Børge Nielsen - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  149. 149. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Source Criticism & verifying your references KADK library (Lehrer quote in Ronson, 2016)
  150. 150. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Structure of Information and Literature Review KADK library
  151. 151. Information Overload – again KADK library • Now you have loads of relevant and useful information. • How do you keep track of the information? • How do you structure and make use of the information & literature? • How do you keep being updated within relevant and useful research fields? Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  152. 152. Information Overload – Search history/search agents KADK library Create an account at the databases you use most frequently and gain access to: • Search history • Set up search agents • Save your favourites • And other site specific functions Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  153. 153. Information Overload – Search history/search agents KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  154. 154. Information Overload – Search history/search agents KADK library Create an account is available at most databases, for example: Avery/daai index Bibliotek.dk Worldcat.org Findbasen.dk Worldcat.org & many others. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  155. 155. Information Overload – Search history/search agents KADK library Make it a habit to log on to the databases you use, to facilitate and assist your tracks, paths and history. Sciencedirect.com Jstor MaterialconneXion Google Scholar Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  156. 156. Information Overload – Search history/search agents KADK library Basically every database you visit have the function and option of creating a personal account. Berg Fashion Library CuminCAD Ebrary Jstor Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy https://kadk.dk/biblioteket/online-ressourcer-databaser
  157. 157. Information Overload – organizational tools KADK library • Wunderlist • Any.do • Errands to do list • Remember the milk • Dynalist • Trello • Google tasks & many more Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy http://appcrawlr.com/app/uberGrid/417807
  158. 158. Information Overload – Workflowy.com KADK library WorkFlowy is a zoomable document that provides unprecedented flexibility in organizing your ideas. Organize your brain… Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  159. 159. IMT – Citation and Reference Management Session 3 – Citation & Reference Management - Agenda KADK library • Basics of Citation • Citation Styles • References & Inspiration • Reference management • Reference management tools • Footnotes, endnotes, in-text • Cite while you write • Bibliography – works cited Twister – Bo Bolther - arkitekturbilleder.dk – CC-BY-NC-SA
  160. 160. Literature Review KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy The literature review cycle - Image created by University of Sheffield “A substantive, thorough, sophisticated literature review is a pre-condition for doing substantive, thorough, sophisticated research.” (Boote, 2005) New discoveries don't materialise out of nowhere; they build upon the findings of previous experiments and investigations.
  161. 161. Literature Review - Article KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy
  162. 162. Literature Review - Article KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy http://lemass.net/capstone/files/A%20Guide%20to%20Writing%20the%20Dissertation%20Literature%20Review.pdf
  163. 163. Literature Review – What is it? KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy A literature review is a select analysis of existing research which is relevant to your topic, showing how it relates to your investigation. It explains and justifies how your investigation may help answer some of the questions or gaps in this area of research. Bertel Thorvaldsens plads – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa https://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/studyadvice/StudyResources/Essays/sta-startinglitreview.aspx
  164. 164. Literature Review – Why write it? KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy A literature review demonstrates to your reader that you are able to • Understand and critically analyse the background research • Select and source the information that is necessary to develop a context for your research • Shows how your investigation relates to previous research Bertel Thorvaldsens plads – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa https://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/studyadvice/StudyResources/Essays/sta-startinglitreview.aspx
  165. 165. Literature Review – Why write it? KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy A literature review demonstrates to your reader that you are able to • Reveals the contribution that your investigation makes to this field (fills a gap, or builds on existing research, for instance) • Provides evidence that may help explain your findings later Bertel Thorvaldsens plads – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa https://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/studyadvice/StudyResources/Essays/sta-startinglitreview.aspx
  166. 166. Literature Review – How do I get started? KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Start by identifying what you will need to know to inform your research: • What research has already been done on this topic? • What are the sub-areas of the topic you need to explore? Bertel Thorvaldsens plads – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa https://www.reading.ac.uk/internal/studyadvice/StudyResources/Essays/sta-startinglitreview.aspx
  167. 167. Literature Review – How do I get started? KADK libraryInformation Management Toolbox – Information Literacy • What other research might be relevant to your investigation? • How do these sub-topics and other research overlap with your investigation? It is important to do this before you start reading so that you don't waste time on unfocussed and irrelevant reading. Bertel Thorvaldsens plads – Nicholas Ransome - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  168. 168. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Group work & Individual Guidance KADK library Describe your research topic to your neighbour and discuss how you could make use of the content and tools shown in session 1 to find more information. Use the list of keywords created and make a couple of searches in databases that you have used before and also databases that you have not used before. Discuss the results with your neighbour Ny Bellevue Strandbad – Sandra Gonon - arkitekturbilleder.dk - Cc-by-nc-sa
  169. 169. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy Thank you! KADK library https://kadk.dk/employee/daniel-gunnarsson
  170. 170. Information Management Toolbox – Information Literacy References KADK library Zins, Chaim. "Success, a structured search strategy: rationale, principles, and implications." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 51, no. 13 (2000): 1232-1247.

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