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The Eye-Conics of Inequality: Feminism - The Defining Idea of Our Time

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The Eye-Conics of Inequality: Feminism - The Defining Idea of Our Time

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Feminism is a monumental challenge to mainstream political ideas and has been a catalytic force challenging public opinion. This presentation looks at the second and third wave feminist movements, focusing on the turning points and the iconic texts and individuals, and the consequent and accompanying shift in attitudes through the years.

Feminism is a monumental challenge to mainstream political ideas and has been a catalytic force challenging public opinion. This presentation looks at the second and third wave feminist movements, focusing on the turning points and the iconic texts and individuals, and the consequent and accompanying shift in attitudes through the years.

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The Eye-Conics of Inequality: Feminism - The Defining Idea of Our Time

  1. 1. The Eye-Conics of Inequality: Feminism -- The Defining Idea of Our Time Daniel Drache, Senior Research Fellow and Associate Director David Clifton, Research Associate Marc Froese, Research Associate A Digital Report From The Counter-Publics Working Group lease Send Comments To drache@yorku.ca ugust 2005 Eye Conics
  2. 2. Feminism Is A Monumental Challenge To Mainstream Political Ideas And Has Been A Catalytic Force Challenging Public Opinion
  3. 3. Feminist Activism Is A Bold Strike At Male Privilege
  4. 4. WWII Opened New Jobs For Women, But Only Temporarily
  5. 5. The UN’s Global Promise Of Equality “Everyone Is Entitled To All The Rights And Freedoms. . . Without Distinction Of Any Kind, Such As Race, Colour, Sex, Language, Religion, Political Or Other Opinion. . .” Eleanor Roosevelt Chairs the UN’s Commission on Human Rights 1946-48
  6. 6. Simone De Beauvoir’s 1949 Book, The Second Sex, Argued That ‘Womanhood’ And ‘Femininity’ Are Social Constructions To Be Contested At Every Turn
  7. 7. Equal Pay For Work Of Equal Value Becomes The Gold Standard For Gender Equality, But Women Still Earn 76 Cents On The Dollar
  8. 8. The Feminine Mystique (1963) Exposes “The Problem That Has No Name.” The Post-War Marginalization Of Women Launches Second-Wave Feminism.
  9. 9. Meanwhile, Our Bodies Ourselves Puts Women’s Health Front And Centre In The Movement. Taking Control of Your Body Is The Message That Resonates Down To Today.
  10. 10. The Personal Is Political The Defining Idea Of Our Time
  11. 11. North Of The 49th Parallel, The 1970 Royal Commission On The Status Of Women Is Derided By The Male Majority In Parliament
  12. 12. The Sexual Revolution Is All About Power. Sexual Politics Highlights The Ubiquity Of Patriarchy In Western Literature And Culture.
  13. 13. Kinsey Reports Back: The Really Radical Idea Is That Women Are Sexual Beings. No Surprise To Half The North American Population. 1953 1948
  14. 14. Germaine Greer Fires A Blistering Broadside Against Modern Sexual Roles, Galvanizing The Feminist Movement And Igniting A Firestorm Of Popular Debate That Is Still Relevant Today
  15. 15. Rape Is The Most Violent Form Of Gendered Oppression. Susan Brownmiller’s Against Our Will Reveals The Legal Inequality That Condones It.
  16. 16. “Liberation is not the private province of any one particular group.” – Audre Lorde Feminism Becomes More Inclusive And Diverse
  17. 17. In This Bridge Called My Back, Women of Colour Attack The Racial And Economic Exclusivity Of The Second-Wave Feminist Movement
  18. 18. A Decade Later, The Beauty Myth Attacks Mainstream Media’s Manipulative And Destructive Commodification Of The Female Form
  19. 19. The Guardians Of American Morality Strike Back In 1982, The Ratification Of The Equal Rights Amendment Falls Three States Short Of The Majority Needed To Amend The Constitution
  20. 20. Reproductive Freedom is the Litmus Test of Gender Empowerment Across the Globe
  21. 21. 1982 Women’s Rights Are Written Into Canada’s New Constitution Womens’ Groups Begin To Use The Charter To Push For Equality And Gender Rights In The Courts.
  22. 22. The 1989 Montreal Massacre Galvanizes Public Opinion Behind Canadian Feminism Geneviève Bergeron Hélène Colgan Nathalie Croteau Barbara Daigneault Anne-Marie Edward Maud Haviernick Barbara Klucznik Widajewicz Maryse Laganière Maryse Leclair Anne-Marie Lemay Sonia Pelletier Michèle Richard Annie St-Arneault Annie Turcotte
  23. 23. Canada And The United States Diverging Trajectories
  24. 24. Public Opinion is Split, No Where More So Than Between Canada And The United States Men are Naturally Superior to Women 40 30 Canada 20 USA 10 0 1992 Michael Adams, 2003 1996 2000
  25. 25. Patriarchy vs. Gender Equality In Canada And The US – A Growing Divide in Public Opinion Father of Family Must be Master of His House 50 40 30 Canada USA 20 10 0 1992 Michael Adams, 2003 1996 2000
  26. 26. Church Is Important to 59% of Americans But Only 30% of Canadians. Abortion And Gay Rights Are Less Constrained By Christian Fundamentalism in Canada – www.pew.org
  27. 27. In Canada The Majority Support Same-Sex Marriage. In 2005 Equal Marriage Becomes the Law. Gay Marrage 60 Percent 50 40 Favour 30 Oppose 20 10 0 Canada US
  28. 28. On August 30, 2004 Canada’s Supreme Court Becomes The Most Representative In The World The Supreme Court Of Canada
  29. 29. Contemporary Third-Wave Magazines Like Bitch: A Feminist Response To Pop Culture, And BUST Advocate A More Individualistic Feminism
  30. 30. Feminist EyeCons Are A Living Archive Of Public Ideals. They Compete With Male Stereotypes And Reach Out And Grab Our Attention.

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