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The EU Accessibility Directive - What You Need To Know

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An overview of the when, who, and how of the European Accessibility Directive from a WordPress and Finland context.

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The EU Accessibility Directive - What You Need To Know

  1. 1. THE EU ACCESSIBILITY DIRECTIVE – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW Daniel Koskinen 1 28.9.2018
  2. 2. 2 The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect. Tim Berners-Lee, W3C Director and inventor of the World Wide Web 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-06-769_en.htm
  5. 5. The Directive 5 5
  6. 6. 6 “The providers of information and services, such as public sector bodies, rely increasingly on the internet in order to produce, collect and provide a wide range of information and services online which are essential to the public.” https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_. 2016.327.01.0001.01.ENG
  7. 7. 7 Unifying national legislation
  8. 8. When? 8 11
  9. 9. New public sector websites 
 must be accessible by 
 September 23, 2019 9
  10. 10. Old sites published before September 23, 2018 
 must be accessible by 
 September 23, 2020 10
  11. 11. Mobile applications must be accessible by 23 June, 2021 11
  12. 12. Who? 12 11
  13. 13. In Finland 13 ● Government institutions (ministries etc) ● Municipal institutions (schools etc) ● Some parliamentary institutions and the Office of the President ● Associations that perform a public service
  14. 14. In Finland (continued…) 14 ● Independent public sector organisations such as Kela ● Universities and universities of applied sciences ● The Finnish Orthodox Church ● Corporations providing a service
  15. 15. In Finland : also (probably) 15 ● All organisations governed by public law ● Services providing strong digital identification, such as online banks ● Third sector organisations receiving public money for their website ● Water, energy, traffic and postal services meant for the general public
  16. 16. In Finland : By 1 January 2021 16 ● Credit providers ● Banks ● Companies providing investment services ● Insurance companies
  17. 17. Exceptions 17 15
  18. 18. Exceptions 18 ● Small and experimental digital services built in an educational context. ● Live streamed events (but the video should be made accessible in a reasonable time if published after 23 September 2020) ● Maps, if the essential information is available elsewhere in an accessible form
  19. 19. Exceptions (continued…) 19 ● National broadcasters such as YLE in Finland. ● National heritage collections ● Office file formats (MS Office, PDF etc) published before 23 September 2018, unless they are essential for daily administrative processes. ● Third party content that are not essential to the website and are not funded by a public entity.
  20. 20. Disproportionate burden? 20
  21. 21. Required: 
 Accessibility statement & feedback mechanism 21
  22. 22. Monitoring 22
  23. 23. FIN€S 23
  24. 24. In Finland: 24 ● Etelä-Suomen Aluehallintovirasto ● Valtion lupa- ja valvontavirasto (Luova) starting in 2020
  25. 25. Defining accessible? 25 22
  26. 26. EN 301 549 v 1.1.2 chapters 9-11 26 http://mandate376.standards.eu/standard
  27. 27. Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe 27 http://mandate376.standards.eu/standard
  28. 28. ≈WCAG 2.0 level AA 28 https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
  29. 29. 29 Perceivable Operable Understandable Robust Four principles of WCAG
  30. 30. 1. Perceivable 30 27
  31. 31. Guidelines 31 Make it easier for users to see and hear content including separating foreground from background. Guideline 1.4 Distinguishable
  32. 32. Success Criteria 32 (Level AA) The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: ●Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1;
 ●Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no Success Criterion 1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum)
  33. 33. How to build accessible sites? 33
  34. 34. The WordPress Accessibility Handbook
 https://make.wordpress.org/accessibility/handbook/ 34
  35. 35. https://www.w3.org/WAI/tutorials/ 35
  36. 36. https://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG21/quickref/ 36
  37. 37. https://inclusive-components.design/ 37
  38. 38. 38 
 https://webaim.org/standards/wcag/WCAG2Checklist.pdf
  39. 39. 39 Suomeksi ● Saavutettavasti.fi
 Ohjeita verkkosisältöjen ja viestinnän saavutettavuudesta
 ● Papunet:
 http://papunet.net/saavutettavuus/
 ● Tarkistuslista verkkosivujen tekijöille (Näkövammaisten liitto ry):
 https://www.nkl.fi/fi/etusivu/saavutettavuus-esteettomyys/ saavutettavuus-verkossa-ja-mobiililaitteissa/tarkistuslista- verkkosivujen-tekijoille
  40. 40. WordPress 40 22
  41. 41. Colour contrast checks in Gutenberg 41
  42. 42. Alt text field next to editor 42
  43. 43. More (potentially) useful tools 43 ● Contact Form 7: Accessible Defaults
 https://wordpress.org/plugins/contact-form-7-accessible- defaults/ ● WCAG 2.0 form fields for Gravity Forms
 https://wordpress.org/plugins/gravity-forms-wcag-20-form- fields/ ● WP Accessibility 
 https://wordpress.org/plugins/wp-accessibility/
  44. 44. How to Make Accessibility Hard and Expensive 44
  45. 45. Involve and educate the whole team! 45
  46. 46. 46 Embrace it 50
  47. 47. Up-to-date information on Finnish legislation: https://vm.fi/saavutettavuusdirektiivi 47
  48. 48. Thank you! @danielck 48

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