SlideShare a Scribd company logo
“The Panopticon presents a cruel,
ingenious cage…for almost 200
years…[it] must be understood as a
dream building…it serves to reform
prisoners, to treat patients, to
instruct schoolchildren, to confine
the insane, to supervise workers,
to put beggars and idlers to work.
It is a location of bodies in space…”
“The Panopticon…has a role in
amplification…it arranges
power…to make it more economic
and more effective…its aim is to
strengthen social forces—to
increase production, to develop
the economy, spread education,
raise the level of public morality, to
increase and multiply.”
“The practice of placing individuals
under ‘observation’ is a natural
extension of a justice imbued with
disciplinary methods and
examination procedures…Is it
surprising that prisons resemble
factories, schools, barracks,
hospitals, which all resemble
prisons?”
Final thoughts:
What does it mean to be human?
Are the humanities (really) humane?

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Foucault (1)

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. “The Panopticon presents a cruel, ingenious cage…for almost 200 years…[it] must be understood as a dream building…it serves to reform prisoners, to treat patients, to instruct schoolchildren, to confine the insane, to supervise workers, to put beggars and idlers to work. It is a location of bodies in space…”
  • 21. “The Panopticon…has a role in amplification…it arranges power…to make it more economic and more effective…its aim is to strengthen social forces—to increase production, to develop the economy, spread education, raise the level of public morality, to increase and multiply.”
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44. “The practice of placing individuals under ‘observation’ is a natural extension of a justice imbued with disciplinary methods and examination procedures…Is it surprising that prisons resemble factories, schools, barracks, hospitals, which all resemble prisons?”
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48.
  • 49.
  • 50.
  • 51.
  • 52. Final thoughts: What does it mean to be human? Are the humanities (really) humane?

Editor's Notes

  1. Foucault’s death of AIDS makes front page news in France.
  2. Power and Knowledge create one another.
  3. Do prisons serve the courts?
  4. Or does the court system create prisons?
  5. Panopticon employed in Illinois prison. BTW, what does “penitentiary” mean? What about “correctional facility”? Prison? Incarceration?
  6. Leper.
  7. The plague.
  8. Tower of London built as a fortress.
  9. Jonathan Bentham, British philosopher, modern utilitarian, designer of the panopticon.
  10. Panopticon blueprint.
  11. How did Medieval society become modern society? How did we go from “the crowd” to the “disciplines”?
  12. Prison warden.
  13. Insane asylum with nurses acting as wardens.
  14. What is the relationship between doctors and patients?
  15. Workers and supervisors?
  16. Teachers and students?
  17. Le Vaux’s menagerie at Versailles influenced Bentham’s panopticon. The king’s royal menagerie was replaced animals with people.
  18. “The panopticon is a privileged place for experiments on man, and for analyzing them with complete certainty and the transformations that may be obtained from them…The panopticon functions as a kind of laboratory of power.”
  19. Piranese’s engraving of a medieval prison with mechanisms of torture.
  20. William of Orange dying on the battleground of Waterloo
  21. Jesuit college at Poznan.
  22. Florence Nightengale’s ward at the military hospital of Scutari.
  23. Military discipline.
  24. 17th Century Christian elementary school.
  25. Parishes in Paris (and all over Europe) would “oversee” the poor. (Makes me think of Frank McCourt’s “Angela’s Ashes” when the mother would go to the St. Vincent DePaul society to get food and clothing for her children, and she was reprimanded for her parenting and situation, and eventually cut off from assistance.)
  26. Catherine II of Russia “Police power must bear ‘over everything…’”
  27. Map of the commune of Le Flech illustrates a field of perception to be policed.
  28. Seal of the king of France 1500’s
  29. Roman Spectacle
  30. Greek chorus
  31. The disciplines use the procedures of partitioning and verticality. The individualizing pyramid/the disciplinary pyramid.
  32. 1700’s Bourgeoisie family
  33. Enlightenment thinkers
  34. Contracts, legal and social
  35. Coercion
  36. Pigeonholes
  37. inquisition
  38. Steam engine
  39. Amici microscope
  40. Ancien Regime
  41. Quarantine in Liberia against Ebola.
  42. Police in riot gear “stand off” with BlackLivesMatter protestors in Ferguson. Note the facial expressions and gaze of the men in the forefront of this image.
  43. Scene from “Full Metal Jacket”.
  44. Sweatshops in Bangladesh
  45. Prisoners exercising in the yard.
  46. Test subjects for clinical trail
  47. Henry Higgins wants to turn Eliza Doolittle into a lady by teaching her proper English. What would Foucault say about English teachers and students in relationship to what Higgins wants to do with/for/to Eliza?