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AMR 36/7122/2023
Ref: TIGO IOR 40/2023.4425
H.E. The Permanent Representative
18 August 2023
OPEN LETTER TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
REGARDING THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN HAITI
Your excellency,
I hope this letter finds you well. I am writing to express Amnesty International’s deep concern
regarding the announcement that Kenyan law enforcement officers may lead an “international specialised
force” as requested by the Haitian government, to temporarily assist the Haitian National Police (HNP) in
addressing insecurity causedby gang violence. We would like to bring to light some crucial issuesthat must
be considered before endorsing the deployment of such a force in Haiti.
There is a troubling historyof abusesandimpunity associatedwithpast multinationalor foreigninterventions
in Haiti, including the cholera epidemic, sexual exploitationandabuse without accountability, and excessive
use of force. The lack of accountability and access to justice for victims of these abuses is alarming. Any
deployment of foreignsecurityforces must include clear, mandatoryand enforceable parametersto prevent
the unlawful use of force, negligence resulting in harm to local populations, and any other abuses by any
individuals deployed as part of any multinational effort; these must also include clear measures to protect
individuals against sexual exploitation and abuse. Mechanisms for safeguarding the rights of local
populations and providing accessible and effective remedies for victims, including for sexual exploitation
and abuse (and care for any resulting children), must be in place prior to any deployment.
Furthermore, the human rights record of any security force deployed to help bring stability to Haiti should
be closely assessed. Accordingly, we emphasize the importanceof examining the human rights track record
of Kenyan security forces in full before endorsing their deployment to Haiti. Amnesty International has
recently condemned the continued unlawful use of force against protestorsby Kenyan police in the country.
The use of excessive and unnecessary force, including lethal force, by security forces in Kenya has led to
increased deaths and injuries of both adults and children. Only recently, since March 2023 Amnesty
International has documented at least 30 cases of police killings of protesters, including those during the
anti-government protests on20 and 27 March(12 killings), during the Saba Saba protest (12 killings), and
on 19 July (6 killings). These deaths have been attributedto suffocationfrom tear gas and lethal shootings.
Furthermore, preliminary investigations have revealed that the police have used beatings, arbitrary arrests
and detentionof protestors, and the indiscriminateand disproportionateuse of tear gas and water cannons,
among other serious human rights violations to police the protests.
Amnesty International and 14 other partner organizations in Kenya under the banner of Missing Voices
continue to document Kenya's police history of extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances. For
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
United Nations Office
777 UN Plaza, 6th Floor,
New York, NY 10017, USA
T: +1 212 867 8878 F: +1 212 370 0183
E: aiunny@amnesty.org W: www.amnesty.org
example, in 2021 and 2022, a total of 371 people were reportedto have been killedor disappearedin the
custody of the police.
Additionally, the human rights crisis Haiti has been experiencing has caused thousands of Haitians to flee
the country andlook for sanctuaryincountries inthe Americas. However, insteadof providing them with the
international protection they are entitled to, governments across the region have been implementing mass
deportations and racist policies. A responsible and human response to Haitians looking for safety needs to
be put in place in the Americas concurrent to any discussion about increasing stability in the country. No
Haitiannational shouldbe sent back to the country or to any place where they couldbe at real risk of serious
human rights violations. Instead, they must receive access to protection without discrimination, including
fair and individualized assessments for refugee status, and other pathways to regularize their status, in
accordance with international human rights standards.
Finally, any consideration regarding the possible deployment of stabilization support, in addition to
establishing in advance the safeguards proposed above, should also at minimum go through a meaningful
consultation with Haitian civil society and adopt policies and practices that support a Haitian-led solution
for long-term stability inthe country. The internationalcommunity shouldsupport Haitianefforts to address
roots causes of the violence.
We stronglyurge youto take these concernsinto account whenconsidering endorsing the deploymentof the
proposedforce. Protectionof human rights shouldalways be at the forefront of any decision-making process.
Yours sincerely,
Renzo Pomi
Amnesty International Representative at the United Nations

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AMR3671222023ENGLISH.pdf

  • 1. AMR 36/7122/2023 Ref: TIGO IOR 40/2023.4425 H.E. The Permanent Representative 18 August 2023 OPEN LETTER TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL REGARDING THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN HAITI Your excellency, I hope this letter finds you well. I am writing to express Amnesty International’s deep concern regarding the announcement that Kenyan law enforcement officers may lead an “international specialised force” as requested by the Haitian government, to temporarily assist the Haitian National Police (HNP) in addressing insecurity causedby gang violence. We would like to bring to light some crucial issuesthat must be considered before endorsing the deployment of such a force in Haiti. There is a troubling historyof abusesandimpunity associatedwithpast multinationalor foreigninterventions in Haiti, including the cholera epidemic, sexual exploitationandabuse without accountability, and excessive use of force. The lack of accountability and access to justice for victims of these abuses is alarming. Any deployment of foreignsecurityforces must include clear, mandatoryand enforceable parametersto prevent the unlawful use of force, negligence resulting in harm to local populations, and any other abuses by any individuals deployed as part of any multinational effort; these must also include clear measures to protect individuals against sexual exploitation and abuse. Mechanisms for safeguarding the rights of local populations and providing accessible and effective remedies for victims, including for sexual exploitation and abuse (and care for any resulting children), must be in place prior to any deployment. Furthermore, the human rights record of any security force deployed to help bring stability to Haiti should be closely assessed. Accordingly, we emphasize the importanceof examining the human rights track record of Kenyan security forces in full before endorsing their deployment to Haiti. Amnesty International has recently condemned the continued unlawful use of force against protestorsby Kenyan police in the country. The use of excessive and unnecessary force, including lethal force, by security forces in Kenya has led to increased deaths and injuries of both adults and children. Only recently, since March 2023 Amnesty International has documented at least 30 cases of police killings of protesters, including those during the anti-government protests on20 and 27 March(12 killings), during the Saba Saba protest (12 killings), and on 19 July (6 killings). These deaths have been attributedto suffocationfrom tear gas and lethal shootings. Furthermore, preliminary investigations have revealed that the police have used beatings, arbitrary arrests and detentionof protestors, and the indiscriminateand disproportionateuse of tear gas and water cannons, among other serious human rights violations to police the protests. Amnesty International and 14 other partner organizations in Kenya under the banner of Missing Voices continue to document Kenya's police history of extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances. For AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL United Nations Office 777 UN Plaza, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10017, USA T: +1 212 867 8878 F: +1 212 370 0183 E: aiunny@amnesty.org W: www.amnesty.org
  • 2. example, in 2021 and 2022, a total of 371 people were reportedto have been killedor disappearedin the custody of the police. Additionally, the human rights crisis Haiti has been experiencing has caused thousands of Haitians to flee the country andlook for sanctuaryincountries inthe Americas. However, insteadof providing them with the international protection they are entitled to, governments across the region have been implementing mass deportations and racist policies. A responsible and human response to Haitians looking for safety needs to be put in place in the Americas concurrent to any discussion about increasing stability in the country. No Haitiannational shouldbe sent back to the country or to any place where they couldbe at real risk of serious human rights violations. Instead, they must receive access to protection without discrimination, including fair and individualized assessments for refugee status, and other pathways to regularize their status, in accordance with international human rights standards. Finally, any consideration regarding the possible deployment of stabilization support, in addition to establishing in advance the safeguards proposed above, should also at minimum go through a meaningful consultation with Haitian civil society and adopt policies and practices that support a Haitian-led solution for long-term stability inthe country. The internationalcommunity shouldsupport Haitianefforts to address roots causes of the violence. We stronglyurge youto take these concernsinto account whenconsidering endorsing the deploymentof the proposedforce. Protectionof human rights shouldalways be at the forefront of any decision-making process. Yours sincerely, Renzo Pomi Amnesty International Representative at the United Nations