Daniela Ceremigna - Infrastructure Sustainable Development, at Copenhagen Business School For Tecnimont CC - 31.10.2012
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INPUBLIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURESDESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PHASES:AN OVERVIEW.Ms. Daniela Ceremigna,Phd MSc., IT Ch.Eng.CBS, Copenhagen,31 October 2012
AGENDA 1 Maire Tecnimont Group: information 2 Tecnimont Civil Construction overview 3 Main projects 4 Basic definition: SD & Infrastructure 5 Laws and Rules framework 6 Decision instruments 7 System balance 8 Actors: who is doing what? General structure and hierarchy 9 Public & Employers role 10 Contractor role 11 Designer role 12 Examples of Design for Sustainable construction. 2
MAIRE TECNIMONT GROUP PROFILE A leading international Group in Engineering & Construction (E&C), Technology & Licensing and Energy & Ventures with focus on plant industry for the hydrocarbons (Oil & Gas, Petrochemicals, Fertilizers)along with Power Generation and Infrastructure Flexible Business Model offering advanced skills in Licensing, Engineering Services, EP (Engineering & Procurement), EPC (Engineering, Procurement & Construction) Significant track record in complex lump sum turn key projects in different countries and regions Safety culture and zero incident target 3
GROUP’S LEADERSHIP 30% market share in polyolefins (n.1 worldwide) as capacity installed in the last six years, including a 40% in LDPE 50% market share (n.1 worldwide) in licensing urea plants, and a market share of 35% (n.2 worldwide) in licensing urea granulation technology World market leader in licensing hydrogen technology, with single train capacity up to 180,000 Nm3/h World market leader in licensing Sulphur Recovery and Tail Gas Treatment Technology with design capacity of single train up 1,500 t/d The largest gas treatment plant ever awarded in Abu Dhabi (UAE) on a LSTK basis (US$4.7 billion) More than 230 power plant projects executed or under construction in Italy and abroad, with an installed capacity of more than 20,000 MW 2012 “Top 200 International Design Firms List” and “The Top 225 International Contractors List” More than 600 contracts in 30 years in Engineering Service Projects from Feasibility Studies to PMC*Source: McGraw-Hill Construction Research & Analytics/ENR. 4
TECNIMONT CIVIL CONSTRUCTION(TCC) OVERVIEW TCC is an international E&C player in the Infrastructure and Civil Engineering sectors Integrated design and construction services for infrastructure and civil engineering projects EPC contractor applying a multidisciplinary approach for the projects successful completion World-class patrimony of engineering and project management expertise with high competences in complex and sustainable projects 5
INFRASTRUCTURESPROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION COPENHAGEN AND FREDERIKSBERG’S CITYRINGEN UNDERGROUND (DENMARK) Client :Metroselskabet I/S Contract type: DB Value: €1.7 bn (TCC share: 40%) MILAN-GENOA HIGH SPEED RAILWAY (ITALY) Client: TAV Contract type: DB Value: €6.0bn (TCC share 20%) TURIN – LYON HIGH SPEED RAILWAY (ITALY) Client: Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (LTF) Contract type: D Value: €10.0M(TCC share 22%) FIUMETORTO-CEFALU’ OGLIASTRILLO RAILWAY (ITALY) Client: RFI (Italian State Railways) Contract Type: DB Value: €314mn ROME UNDERGROUND B1– ROME (ITALY) Client: ROMA METROPOLITANE Contract Type: DB share + D Value: €360mn (TCC share 15%) B1 EXT. PIAZZALE IONIO Contract Type: DB share + D Value: ~ €170mn (TCC share 16%) FLORENCE-BOLOGNA MOTORWAY - VARIANTE DI VALICO (ITALY) Client: AUTOSTRADE PER L’ITALIA Contract Type: DB share + D Value: €225mn (TCC share 15%) 6
INFRASTRUCTURES RECENTLY COMPLETED PROJECTS TURIN-MILAN HIGH SPEED RAILWAY (ITALY) Client: TAV (Italian State Railways) - Contract type: DB share + D Value: €6.7bn (TCC share €380mn) FLORENCE-BOLOGNA HIGH SPEED RAILWAY (ITALY) Client: TAV - Contract Type: DB share + D Value: €4.8bn (TCC share €490mn) TURIN AUTOMATED METRO SYSTEM - FERMI – LINGOTTO (ITALY) Santa Cruz Client: GRUPPO TORINESE TRASPORTI Contract Type: DB Value : €290mn (TCC share 51%) TURIN METRO –MARCONI–LINGOTTO SECTION (ITALY) Client: GRUPPO TORINESE TRASPORTI - Contract Type: DB share + D Value: €112mn (TCC share 51%) RAILWAY LAMEZIA-CATANZARO (ITALY) Client: ITALFERR (Italian State Railways) Contract Type: DB share + D Value: €128mn (TCC share 66%) SALERNO-REGGIO CALABRIA MOTORWAY (ITALY) Client: ANAS Contract Type: D Value: €5mn (TCC share 50%) CATANIA-SIRACUSA MOTORWAY (ITALY) Client: ANAS Contract Type: D Value: €8mn (TCC share 38%)Note: DB = Design and Build 7 D = Design
IT’S TIME TO THINK! What do you expect from a Infrastructure Project? ENVIRONMENT Climate change Air Quality & Noise Land use Waste SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE ECONOMY Growth SOCIETY Jobs & Prosperity Safety Fair pricing Health Competitiveness Disturbance Choice [allocation of Access & Equity scarce resources] Equitable
LAW AND RULES, OBJECTIVES AND DECISIONINSTRUMENTS 2001-2010 – VI Environmental Plan in EC Decision maker evolution “Our future, our choice” 2010 Dunkerque declaration for Local 1994 Aalborg, Charter of 2006 and 2009 – EC Council – Sustainability 1998 Århus European Cities & Towns Dir. UE SD strategy review Convention Convention Towards Sustainability 2008 – EC1992 Rio de Janeiro, Environmental Urban Declaration about Strategy environment and Environmental Balance development Self-assessment of 1982 UN, infrastructure to allowOur common future Designer to improve facility’ 1972 Stockholm, features in a continuous Declaration about feedback process.human environment Environmental Impact Assessment, EIA Impacts and improvements gathered by the Project are UNI EN ISO 14001:2004 assessed in an holistic Environmental complex approach where management system Economy, Social andCost Benefit assessment andSafety protection Assessment of impact and Environmental aspect are all mitigation definition to considered, considering theTechnical rules and improve environmental entire infrastructure life-cycle.standards values protection during Attention to environmentAssessment of the benefit of the construction, maintenance carrying capacity and socialinvestment, the standard and operational phase. acceptance of the Project.compliance and design structureoptimization and the protectionof workers. Design instruments evolution 11
INFRASTRUCTURES SUSTAINABILITYCRITERIA AND INDICATORS 12
MAT/EN BALANCE OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM Raw Materials Landfill/ Manufacture Air Disposal emission Rawmaterial Recycle/Reuse Transportation Water emissionEnergy Noise Demolition Installation impactLand use Maintenance Construction Waste Use
EXAMPLE> PRODUCTION AND USE BOUNDARIESSignificant processes for ready mixed concrete operations The system boundary includes the upstream profile of manufacturing cement, as well as quarrying and processing aggregates, and transporting cement, fly ash, and aggregates to the concrete plant. Energy and emissions associated with transporting the primary materials from their source to the concrete plant are also included in the boundary. However, in this case, it does not include VS Infrastructure upstream profiles of fuel,Significant processes for in Construction electricity, water, orInfrastructure LCA in and in Use supplementaryConstruction and in use cementitious materials. 15
DECISION INSTRUMENTS • Environmental Impact assessment EIA Methods with • Strategic EIA Environmental • Life Cycle Assessment LCA Focus • Ecological footprint • Ecological Rucksack • Cost-Benefit Analysis CBA • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis CEA Methods with • Multi-Criteria decision MCDA Economic Focus • Environmental Accounting • Multi-Variate Analysis MVA Methods with • Social Impact Assessment Social Focus • Socio-Economic Impact Assessment
FREQUENT TOOLS DESCRIPTIONInternational Organization for Standardization (ISO), the Society of EnvironmentalToxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, havedocumented standard procedures for conducting an LCA.These procedures are generally consistent with each other; they are all scientific,transparent, and repeatable.http://www.pre-sustainability.com/life-cycle-assessmentSimaPro allows you to model products and systems from a life cycle perspective.Users build complex models in a systematic and transparent way using SimaPros uniquefeatures such as parameters and Monte Carlo analysis. SimaPro comes fully integrated withthe well known ecoinvent database and is used for a variety of applications, like: Carbon footprint calculation Product design and eco-design Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) Environmental impact of products or services Environmental reporting (GRI) Determining of key performance indicatorswww.ATHENAsmi.caThe Athena Institute works with sustainability leaders in product manufacturing,building design, construction, and green labeling programs to enable smaller footprintsin the production and consumption of construction materials. The PROMETHEE method is a multi-criteria decision aid system that permits the buildingof an outranking between different alternatives.http://www.d-sight.com/sites/default/files/documents/news/d-sight_case_study_italferr.pdf 17
ASSESSMENT SCHEMES, BUILDING ASSESSOR • LEEDMethod for Building • https://new.usgbc.org/leed • BREEAMMethods for Building • http://www.breeam.org/about.jsp?id=66 – UK standard • CEEQUAL Methods for Infrastructures • http://www.ice.org.uk/topics/environment/Training-Seminars- and-Courses/CEEQUAL Engineers • ESTIDAMA Methods for Building -Middle • http://www.estidama.org/ East Standard
INVOLVED ACTORS - WHO DO WHATSustainability is implemented in a infrastructure project in a way that every actorplays a specific role to build in a sustainable way. Project Approval Citizens, in participative Politicians, Area process Associations, Employer plan/SEA/EIA Public And in Contract Communicati development on Unions Preliminary/ Employer, Definitive Design Contractor, Tender/ EMS Standards Sub- Designers Concept design and Law Contractors, Design Technology requirements inclusion owner Employer, Construction Use Disposal Authority/Un EMS Decommiss. ions, Standards Demolition and Designer, Contractor and Law Disposal Sub- requirements standards and Contractors, compliance law Supplier, Workers
HIERARCHY Employer Design control team Contractor Communication team Construction Technical Office Designer Contract Program Cost control Designer team and Consultants of Authority team leader Designer Procurement Interface Communication QHSE Document Contract Manager Site control Risk Management team Authority 20
EMPLOYER: DECISIONAL MATRIX Simulation of infrastructure to improve the project.• Significant backlog of infrastructure Sharing of data and pose a need of information Sustainable Improving mobility communication among stakeholder• Reliability• Growing Risk assessment population Integration land use• Avoid wrong investments planning and infrastructure planning Governance actions to integrate better these decisions about best land Assessment matrix model in COST C8 Action, for rapid assessment of alternative solutions of use. urban infrastructures. Sustainability, 2010, 2, Zavrl&Zeren.
EMPLOYER: REQUESTS AND REQUIREMENTSEmployers responsibility extends beyond simply transporting people, andincludes the environment, working environment, and security and responsibilityfor employees.The Company therefore has the following corporate social responsibilityobjectives:– To ensure reliable, environmentally friendly public transport.– To create a safe infrastructure for both passengers and employees.– To ensure a sound working environment during the construction of newinfrastructures and for the operation of the existing infrastructuresadministrated.– To ensure sound working conditions, including salary and employmentconditions that can contribute to attracting and retaining employees.
EMPLOYER: REQUESTS AND REQUIREMENTS Sustainability issues posed in Tender design project EIA Results, additional studies results, other stakeholder requestsSustainability issues posed in Subway Tender design project:› CO2 requirement / Breaking energy recover› Daylight directed down onto platforms to save lighting energy consumption› Sustainable granite and natural stone› Climate change adaptation› ISO1002:2004 Site work management requirement› Substitution of PVC cables to reduce risk of fire and CO2 emission› Conservation of groundwater resources› Safeguarding cultural heritage› Substitution of green house gasses as refrigerants› Sustainable electromechanical planning and design
CONTRACTOR: EMS BASISISO14001:2004 BODY OF DOCUMENTATION Company prefer to build system Plan integrating ENV, SOCIAL, QUALITY management. Deming • Company objectivesAct Do • Knowledge Circle • Efforts Policy • System description • Processes Check • Responsibility, Organizational • Measurements Handbook&Plan Chart • Improvement and • Resources management target •Company methodologies Procedures •Operations •Function relationships • Contractual requirements implementation Instructions • Operative methods •Practical Instructions • Monitoring results • Inspections results Records and Dashboards • Management evidences collection • Target monitoring
CONTRACTOR: ORGANIZATION AND INTERFACESReport to the Board of Directors of the JV Technical Director Supported by HR, Cost Control, Program Department Report to the TD, with their own structure QHSE Procurement Design Risk Manager Construction Subcontractors, Consultants out of JV offering Specialist work Consultants and Underground Monitori Designer TunnelingReport to the Manager of Discipline Specialists works ngProcurementSupplier, products andSubcontractor must be in Key Subcontractcompliance with local Rules and for environmental issues and workersregulation and develop a sound management issuesand appropriate EMS to controlEnvironmental impact.Usually attached to Con Sustainability is not only a matter oftracts there is the Contractor impact mitigation, is a specific matterENV policy and the Handbook of efficiency in the resources use, andof EMS. there is space for improvement in this.
CONTRACTOR: OPERATIVE CONTROL SUBCONTRACTOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENTThe heart of ISO14001 is Subcontractor Management:• It’s necessary, but not sufficient, to have clear Environmental requirements in the Contract.• It’s is necessary that Procurement is supported by Technical specifications where environmental requirements are clearly stated.• Contracts need to be administered by people and people need to care.• That means trusting the contractor and verifying their requirements are met.• Are contractors trained? Do they know the procedures? Are they following the procedures? Are they working safely? Do they have the right equipment? How do you know?• Are you asking these questions once a year (or less) or is it integrated into how you manage your contract work force?
CONTRACTOR: OPERATIVE CONTROLSUBCONTRACTOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Contractors and• Go to the Site – talk to your contractor’s employees and Employer’ siteengage them in conversations in their work areas. Inspectors• Engage Contractors – Ensure your contractors know Audit on Subcontractorsthat safety is important to you and be relentless in yourdialog about Environment. Monitoring of• Instill Operational Discipline – Ensure that there are environmentalprocedures and that those procedures are known and performancefollowed. DBMN•Trust and Verify – Pick an aspect of Environmental safetyand engage your contractors to verify that your Measure therequirements are being met. If not, develop a plan to get impactsinto compliance.
CONTRACTOR: COMMUNICATIONTO EXTERNAL PARTIES • Meeting with Authority and ordinary site supervision – Authority has full right to enter on sites and Contractor is called to explain the Env&Safety protection practices. • Talking to the Citizens – Planning of frequent meeting with Citizens representatives and invitation on site is useful to show the Environmental protection practices. It is also motivating for Site manager and subcontractor’ manager which are directly engaged to explain and give evidence of protection procedures and facilities. • Third parties-Employer-Contractor agreements or Common commitment documents signature – Ensure that there specific procedures are followed for peculiar protection need, as presence of public parks, monuments, schools or any other sensitive area or property. Those document are helpful to create a communication management system among parties. During the meetings with the Stakeholders, all the agreements taken by Contractor must be respected to avoid further conflicts.
CONTRACTOR: COMMUNICATIONTO EXTERNAL PARTIES - Example Employer Commitment: Charte Chantier Vert Employer Commitment: Osservatorio Torino Lione
CONTRACTOR: OPERATIVE CONTROL SIGNIFICATIVEENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ASSESSMENTVisual summary Sustainability of ISO14001 Environmental Aspect assessment asimplemented in a infrastructure project.Applicable Law survey is a basic information helping prioritization of management actions.
CONTRACTOR & DESIGNER: SITE WORKENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN AND DMB APPROVED ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROCEDURES WORK SCHEDULE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SIGNIFICATIVE ASPECTS REMINDER WORK PHASES LAYOUT WITH MITIGATIONS PLACEMENT MONITORING POINT AND MEASUREMENT PLAN http://www.danskgeotekniskforening.dk/media/Part_2_of_Monitoring_on_the_Cityri ngen_Project.pdf EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION PATH
CONTRACTOR & DESIGNER: OPERATIVE CONTROLEXCAVATED SOIL MANAGEMENTSite area delivery• After expropriation• After debombing• After utilities deviationSoil survey• To position sampling placements• To define soil morphologySoil drilling & sampling• Made under specific authorized plan• Dealing with drilling rig impacts• Under Geology specialist supervisionSoil samples analysis• In certified laboratory• Under specific standards of measurements• Managing a proper communication process between Laboratory and Contractor• Managing data inside the Job Database Monitoring System
CONTRACTOR & DESIGNER: OPERATIVE CONTROLEXCAVATED SOIL MANAGEMENT Soil disposal definition • Soil quality assessment • Soil quality classification definition • Supplier procurement Excavation plan • Approval from Authority • Handover to the site work responsible
CONTRACTOR & DESIGNER & EMPLOYER: TUNNEL & SHAFT/STATION SOILMuck from TBM canbe reused• Nordhavn total areawill measure onemillion square metersor 100 hectares• Some 18 million t ofearth will be needed tofill in the area• A 1,250 m long ironwall and 1,200 m longstone embankment willcontain the landfill Warming dispersion recovered during construction towards residential / commercial use
DESIGNER: NEW APPROACH, NEW CHALLENGES • Holistic approach of infrastructure design • LCA approach • Different routes proposal to be assessed under reliable and repeatable techniques • Different maintenance and reparations strategy definition • Specific requirements to optimize concrete mix design • Alternative material choice • New technology proposal to recover energy and materials
DESIGNER: SITE WORK SURFACE DESIGN &GREEN/LANDSCAPING DESIGNRome, Conca D’Oro Square station, Line B1, 2010.
DESIGNER: SITE WORK SURFACE DESIGN &GREEN/LANDSCAPING DESIGNRome, Gondar Square station, Line B1, 2010.
TECHNOLOGY/IDEAS EXAMPLES Location: 3-10-1 Senriyama-Higashi, Suita-shi, Osaka Total floor space: 10,482m2 Structure: Reinforced concrete, (partially SRC, Steel) Number of floors: Four floors above ground Construction period: April 2004 – February 2006 •Creating a space for communication •Reduction of the burden on the environment •Design that uses and develops the history of the campus LED - Light Emitting Diode – 40% CO2 eq emission reduction – Italian Autostrade Spa
TECHNOLOGY/IDEAS EXAMPLES Israeli engineers are about to begin testing a stretch of what may become the road of the future. The road contains piezoelectric crystals that produce electricity when squeezed, enabling them to harvest some of the energy which vehicles lose to the environment during their journeys. The system is expected to produce up to 400 kilowatts from a 1-kilometre stretch of dual carriageway and the technology is also applicable to airport runways and rail systems. In addition to being able to produce its own power, the system can also deliver real-time data on the weight, frequency and speed of passing vehicles as well as the spacing between vehicles.
CONCLUSIONS “We have looked in the centuries at the economic growth in an agricultural way, and in industrial way and then it came Information Technology; but today, we look at economic growth in a Sustainable way.” Michael Koplovsky, Economic Consoler by U.S. mission at OECD - 2012.FT, Off the charts: Rio+20 June 19, 2012 3:38 pm
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