NATION AND FLAG England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland United Kingdom (UK)
The red cross of St. Patrick (crown, glove, star) on a white field Belfast Northern Ireland The red dreagon on a white and green field Cardiff Wales The white cross of St. Andrew on a blue field Edinburgh Scotland The red cross of St. George on a white field London England FLAG CAPITAL NATION
First British Empire (1583 –1783) Second British Empire (1783 –1815) THE UK IN THE WORLD The British Empire was very big. Now all the countries of the Empire are independent, but they have an organization: The Commonwealth. At their meetings they speak English.
The relative numbers of native English speakers in the major English-speaking countries of the world English is one of the most spoken languages in the world and by far the most common. English today is probably one of the most largest language by number of native speakers, after Mandarin Chinese, Hindi and Spanish. Combining native and non-native speakers it is probably the most commonly spoken language in the world. It is spoken in every continent. It is the official language in the UK, in Ireland, in the USA, in Canada, in Jamaica and other islands, in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. It is also the second language in more than forty countries which are historically united by economic and political ties to England: from Asia (India and Pakistan) to the countries of the South Pacific and many African states (former British colonies). Nowadays English is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE WORLD
DIFFERENT WAYS TO SPEAK ENGLISH The English language spread around the world, it isn’t always identical to the one that it is spoken in England. Every language, even in the same country, is enriched with different accents in different regions. In the same way, the English language spoken in Australia, in Canada and in South Africa is very different from the language that it’s spoken in London. Every language evolves, changes when it is spoken by different people in different places. And it changes more rapidly when millions of people use it for working and travelling as nowadays. So we can say that today many varieties of English are spoken in the world.
British English and American English: some examples cookie biscuit biscotto center centre centro movie film film pants trousers pantaloni fall autumn autunno beach seaside spiaggia color colour colore candy sweet caramella vacation holiday vacanza USA UK ITALY
apartment flat appartamento eraser rubber gomma french fries chips patatine kid child bambino store shop negozio
FALSE FRIENDS False friends are two words (from two different languages) that look similar or the same, but have different meanings. There are many false friends between English and Italian, here are the most common: brave = coraggioso, good / clever = bravo canteen = mensa, cellar = cantina camera = macchina fotografica, room = camera cold = freddo, hot = caldo fabric = tessuto, factory = fabbrica factory = fabbrica, farm = fattoria frizzy = crespo, sparkling = frizzante grass = erba, fat = grasso horse = cavallo, bear = orso library = biblioteca, bookshop/ bookstore (USA) = libreria parent = genitore, relative = parente pavement = marciapiede, floor = pavimento polite = educato, clean = pulito vacancy = vuoto / posto vacante, vacation (USA) = vacanza
A traditional Irish song we like very much! We learnt it by studying the British Isles. <ul><li>Molly Malone </li></ul><ul><li>In Dublins fair city, where the girls are so pretty, I first set my eyes on sweet Molly Malone, As she wheeled her wheelbarrow, </li></ul><ul><li>Through streets broad and narrow, Cryng “Cockles and mussels alive, alive-O!” Chorus Alive, alive-O! Alive, alive-O! Crying “Cockles and mussels, alive, alive-O!” She wheeled her wheelbarrow </li></ul><ul><li>Through streets broad and narrow, Just like her mother and father before And they wheeled their wheel barrow, Through streets broad and narrow, Crying “Cockles and mussels, alive, alive-O!” My love had a fever and no one could save her, And that was the end of sweet Molly Malone, But her ghost wheels her barrow Through streets broad and narrow Crying “Cockles and mussels alive, alive-O” </li></ul>