Chapter 3 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the research methodology, sources of data,respondents, research instruments, data gathering procedures and the statisticaltool used in analyzing the data gathered.Research Method The study employed the Assessment of Evaluation Type of Study underthe Descriptive Method.1 Studies using assessment and evaluation, focuses onthe efficiency or effectiveness of a certain variable to be considered. Specefically,the present study tends to assess the impact of the project “Padaba Ta Ka” ofBUCAL in Bagumbayan Central School.Sources of Data The primary source of data were the responses of the respondentsfrom Bagumbayan Central School. Likewise, inputs from internet websites andhandouts were considered as the secondary sources of data.
Respondents The respondents of this study were the teachers and parents ofBagumbayan Central School. Ten (10) teachers handling classes from Grades 1to 6 will be given questionnaires. Likewise, ten (10) parents will also berespondents. Parents who are current members of GPTA (General Teachers-Parents Association) will be prioritized though.Instrumentations The Project “Pafaba Ta Ka” of BU College of Arts and Letters wasassessed using a questionnaire. The first category of the questionnaire used the five-point Likert Scale2with the following adjectival interpretations: 5, Highly Sustainable; 4, VerySustainable; 3, Sustainable; 2, Less Sustainable; 1, Least Sustainable. Theproject sustainability in carrying its five components was scaled. The second category also used the Likert Scale. The level ofeffectiveness of the project was assessed with the following category: 5, HighlyEffective; 4, Very Effective; 3, Effective; 2, Less Effective; 1, Least Effective. The third category, used the Forced Choice Rating Scale3 whereinchoices were listed. The respondents just need to check or choose one amongthe others. The last part of the questionnaire was an open-ended questionwherein the respondents sought to give a brief remark about the project.
Data Gathering Procedure Having established the respondents for the study, the researchers thenproceeded with the data collection. It underwent the following stages in the datagathering process. Securing permit from the Bagumbayan Central School Principal’s Office. Aletter was hand-carried to the locality involved, securing permission from theschool head to distribute questionnaires among its teachers anf parents. Distribution of questionnaires. With a covered letter attached as a way ofinforming the respondents of the purpose of the research activity, thequestionnaires was distributed to the respondents who were present in theconduct of said endeavor. This comprised the actual field work in the datagathering process and was done personally by the researchers. Retrieval of questionnaires. After the respondents were done answering,the questionnaires will be retrieved immediately. This stage was concluded onlywhen all necessary data are secured from the respondents. After completing the procedure, the responses were tallied and recordedthen analyzed and interpreted.Statistical Treatment Respondent’s responses to the questionnaire were analyzed usingpercentage, ratios and rank statistics.
The formula used is presented below:Wherein:n= the number of respondent who perceived the certain answer.20= the total number of respondents100%= the overall percentage%= the percentage of respondent who perceived the certain answer.
NOTES 1 Estela G. Adanza.Research Method: Principles and Applications. QuezonCity: Rex Printing, Inc., 1995.p.45. 2 Estela G. Adanza.Research Method: Principles and Applications. QuezonCity: Rex Printing Company, Inc.,1995. 3 Juliet A Catane. Conducting Research: A Practical Application. QuezonCity: JMC Press, Inc.,2006.p.64.