How Do Our Students Learn?: A Cognitive Psychological Model for Information Literacy Instruction
Instructional Design & Technology Librarian
The Claremont Colleges Library
Kevin Michael Klipfel
Information Literacy Coordinator
California State University, Chico
HOW DO OUR STUDENTS LEARN?
A Cognitive Psychological Model for
Information Literacy Instruction
…A state of affairs where an
individual’s efficiency in using
information in their work is
hampered by the amount of
relevant, and potentially useful,
information available to them.
-Bawden and Robinson, 2009
The human mind seems
exquisitely tuned to
understand and remember
stories – so much so that
psychologists refer to stories
privileged,” meaning that
they are treated differently in
memory than other types of
Bawden, D., & Robinson, L. (2009). The dark side of information: Overload, anxiety and
other paradoxes and pathologies. Journal of Information Science, 35(2), 180-191.
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Sterling, VA: Stylus Pub.
Mayer, R.E., & Wittrock, M.C. (2006). Problem Solving. The Handbook of Educational
Psychology (pp. 289-303). New York: Routledge.
Willingham, D. T. (2009). Why Don’t Students Like School?: A Cognitive Scientist Answers
Questions About How the Mind Works and What it Means for the Classroom San Francisco: