Citing Your Sources workshop slides


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Slides from an online Citing Your Sources workshop I do using Elluminate. This material supplements the application sharing and hands-on activities build into the workshop.

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  • Does the task of citing your sources often feel like an overly elaborate scheme to get a simple piece of cheese? Actually, there are legitimate reasons for the fairly rigid citation structure and process.
  • Keep in mind also that not every piece of information you use will fit neatly into one of the publication types described in a citation style guide. Sometimes you just have to pick the best fit and or provide as much of the information as is available so that your instructor can track down that source if needed. For example, what do you do with a chapter from an e-book within a library database? Does that go under the book category, library database, etc? The point is, don’t kill yourself agonizing over these ambiguities. Make a smart choice that provides the clearest information about the source and move on.
  • We all benefit from the citing process. At its core it’s how knowledge is accumulated and built upon. Without the ability to read the research of their predecessors, scientists and engineers wouldn’t be able to continuously improve everyday technologies and procedures we often take for granted like medicine, energy efficient buildings, cell phones, and the web!
  • Basically, the source of any facts that aren’t common knowledge that you put into your assignments should be cited. This includes direct quotes as well as any information, facts, ideas or statistics you put in your own words. Common knowledge does not need to be cited (e.g., the first African-American President was Barack Obama, or The US Senate consists of 100 elected representatives, 2 from each state), If you’re unsure if something is common knowledge, cite it! Better to err on the side of caution in these instances.
  • Let’s take a look at some examples of citations. The key is not to memorize the specifics of where periods go and the indent numbers for a specific style like APA or MLA, but rather it is being able to distinguish the various elements that make up a citation. Keep in mind the elements of a citation when looking at the information will not always be neatly organized into a proper citation style for you. So you need to be able to gather this information together. Can you always tell the article title from the journal title?
  • Your best bet for getting the most accurate and comprehensive citation style information is to just go buy the most recent addition of the style guide used most often in your field of study.
  • The good news is that many of the library’s search tools provide some handy options for making the process of gathering, organizing and formatting sources easier. Add the college’s RefWorks tool (free to you) to the mix and you shouldn’t have to sweat too much over where the italics and the periods go, or even which piece of information goes where. These tools can do some of that work for you, down to integrating with Microsoft Word to insert and format your references for you while you are writing your paper! Let’s take a look.
  • Citing Your Sources workshop slides

    1. 1. Research @ the Library Citing Your Sources Library Instructor: Dana Longley
    2. 2. The Art of Citing? Credit: David Wolff, Creative Commons License
    3. 3. What is a Citation? &quot;A quoting of an authoritative source for substantiation.“ 1 &quot;a quotation from or reference to a book, paper, or author, especially in a scholarly work&quot; 2 In short: information about where you got the information presented in your paper. Usually in the form of in-text and end of text references. 1 citation. (2007). In The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language . Retrieved from 2 &quot;citation noun&quot;  The Oxford Dictionary of English (revised edition). Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  SUNY Empire State College.  6 November 2009  <>
    4. 4. Why Cite? <ul><li>Information evaluation: verify data & sources </li></ul><ul><li>Give credit </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate your ideas from others’ </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Better grades! (Carroll, 2002) </li></ul>Picture & source credits: 1. Woman Inspecting Transistor, 1948 © Bettmann/CORBIS 2. Leo Reynolds, Creative Commons license 3. Nickwheeleroz via Flickr creative commons: 4. Simplybecka via Flickr creative commons: 5. Carroll, J. (2007), 2 nd edition, A Handbook for Deterring Plagiarism in Higher Education. Oxford Centre for Staff & Learning Development, Oxford Brookes Univ.
    5. 5. When to Cite <ul><li>You quote it, you cite it! </li></ul><ul><li>You paraphrase it, you cite it! </li></ul><ul><li>Common knowledge: do not need to cite </li></ul><ul><li>When in doubt: cite it! </li></ul>Photo via Flickr Creative Commons, by This is Your Brain on Lithium:
    6. 6. How to Use Your Sources <ul><li>Direct quote: </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase: </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize: </li></ul>
    7. 8. Parts of a Citation From: Ryerson University Library. “Understanding Citations.”
    8. 9. Practice <ul><li>Publication type? </li></ul><ul><li>Book Chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Article </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><li>Citation parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Title </li></ul><ul><li>Book Title </li></ul><ul><li>Date of Publication </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
    9. 10. More Practice <ul><li>Publication type? </li></ul><ul><li>Book Chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site </li></ul><ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Article </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><li>Citation parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Title </li></ul><ul><li>Book Title </li></ul><ul><li>Date of Publication </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>Bockian, N. (2006). Depression in Histrionic Personality Disorder. Personality-guided therapy for depression (pp. 169-186). American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/11476-008.
    10. 11. Citation Styles <ul><li>APA: American Psychological Association </li></ul><ul><li>MLA: Modern Language Association </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago: The University of Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>+ many more: Turabian, CSE, AMA, etc. </li></ul>
    11. 12. Working with Citations Search Tool Options:
    12. 13. Contact Us <ul><li>Empire State College Librarians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web & live chat (Ask-a-Librarian) : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone : 800-847-3000 ext.2222 </li></ul></ul>