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Topic 13 man and society

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INTRO TO PHILO

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Topic 13 man and society

  1. 1. DANILO F. MARIBAO PALIPARAN III SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL DASMARINAS CITY, CAVITE MAN AND SOCIETY
  2. 2. 1. Group the class into 5 groups 2. Each group must appoint for a leader and secretary. 3. Once you hear “what is your score” the group must announce their score. 4. The first group who announce their score will get an additional points. 5. Highest score gets 10pts- 8 pts- 6 pts- 4 pts.-2 pts
  3. 3. REVIEW
  4. 4. Question: 1. perspective that defines how he or she perceives and relate to reality.
  5. 5. 1. Egocentric ANSWER:
  6. 6. 2. Defines interpersonal relations as the “self” being aware on himself or herself. Question:
  7. 7. ANSWER: 2. Existentialist
  8. 8. 3. A philosophical concept that refer to interaction between the self and the other. Question:
  9. 9. ANSWER: 3. Intersubjectivity
  10. 10. 4. Considers human relationship as frustrating and are often inauthentic and ambiguous. Question:
  11. 11. ANSWER: 4. Jean-Paul Sartre
  12. 12. 5. The awareness that the other is a person with thoughts and feelings. Question:
  13. 13. ANSWER: 5. Empathy
  14. 14. ACTIVITY:
  15. 15. LET’S PONDER: Write down your ideas on what makes a person a FILIPINO. Use the graphic organizer
  16. 16. FILIPINO
  17. 17. ANALYSIS:
  18. 18. 1. What factors led to the development of these characteristics among Filipinos? 2. Which among the descriptions could be considered unique to us Filipinos?
  19. 19. ABSTRACTION:
  20. 20. WHAT IS SOCIETY? Refers to a large, independent, and organized group of people living in the same territory and sharing a common culture and heritage.
  21. 21. People within society impart to its other knowledge, skills, and behaviors through their various everyday interactions. These interactions are often governed by written and unwritten rules that reflect the shared ideas, views, and values of the members of society.
  22. 22. Society can take many forms and has evolved to develop various characteristics. The simplest and earliest societies are the hunting –and –gathering societies that adopt a lifestyle dependent on resources readily available from their surroundings.
  23. 23. These societies are often described as “primitive” since they utilize the simplest technology. • Nomadic tribes such as the San in Africa and small tribes found in remote locations throughout the world.
  24. 24. Agricultural Societies are those engaged primarily in agricultural activities such as farming, fishing, and livestock-raising as a primary way of life.
  25. 25. Industrial Societies are centered on mechanized production and the exchange of goods and services.
  26. 26. Modern Societies are technologically- advanced societies characterized by industry, mass production, and advance communication and transportation.
  27. 27. Advances of technology, meanwhile, have enabled people to establish “virtual societies” that are not confined by territory and are composed of individuals coming from various social backgrounds. • Social Media • Online message • Online games
  28. 28. Social Philosophy focus on studying society and its influence on the human person. It applies philosophical concepts in a social context and looks into how social interactions shape people’s perception. Experience, ideas, and values.
  29. 29. Topics related to Social Philosophy: • Social ontology • Social ethics • Democracy • Human rights • Equality • Justice
  30. 30. The ideas and discussions in Social Philosophy often influence other social sciences such as: • Psychology • Political Science • Sociology • Linguistics
  31. 31. HOW IS SOCIETY FORMED? Humans are considered to have natural tendency to cooperate and organize, and society is a natural outcome of this human to socialize.
  32. 32. During the Enlightenment, social philosophers pondered on the natural laws to govern societies, and in their discussions, several philosophers put forth their ideas regarding the formation of societies.
  33. 33. The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so. His vision of the world is strikingly original and still relevant to contemporary politics. Thomas Hobbes
  34. 34. a person or group empowered to decide every social and political issue Social Contract an agreement where individuals sacrifice some of their wants and submit to a higher authority.
  35. 35. The man was an intellectual titan, one whose thoughts and ideas can be found throughout our country’s earliest political documents, including and especially the Declaration of Independence. John Locke
  36. 36. Social Contract is a covenant among individuals to cooperate and share burden of upholding the welfare of society.
  37. 37. Rousseau argues that the progression of the sciences and arts has caused the corruption of virtue and morality. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  38. 38. Social Contract give emphasis to individual decision-making in society.
  39. 39. Upon awarding him the National Humanities Medal in 1999, President Bill Clinton praised John Rawls as “perhaps the greatest political philosopher of the twentieth century” who “helped a whole generation of learned Americans revive their faith in democracy John Rawls
  40. 40. Social Contract –that human beings approach social cooperation in a rational manner in order to meet their individual self-interests. He imagined humans as having a “veil of ignorance” or no knowledge of one’s own formation.
  41. 41. Another contemporary philosopher who follows in the tradition of Hobbes is David Gauthier of the University of PittsburghDavid Gauthier
  42. 42. Morals By Agreement, he argues that voluntary compliance with moral rules, even in the absence of enforcement, is in one’s rational self-interest. Specifically, he contends that one should become a constrained maximizer, a person disposed to cooperate with others on the condition that they expect others to cooperate.
  43. 43. How does Society influence the Person? Socialization the process by which an individual learns the prevailing behaviors, attitudes, and values within his or her society, a person adopts a set of ideals and behavior considered appropriate within his or her own society.
  44. 44. Stanford Prison Experiment Conducted 1971 in Stanford University. Twenty four male volunteers, who were of sound mental state and had a history of violence, were made participate in a simulated person environment in order to determine the factors that led to prisoner abuse in actual prisons.
  45. 45. Social Roles Entail a set of expected behaviors that must be performed by a person. Normative Democratic Theory Is a perspective which considers a democratic society as morally desirable.
  46. 46. Western Society is recognized to be more individualistic and secular and often embody these values in their behavior. They are more likely to be seen as being assertive and direct in the dealings with others.
  47. 47. Asian societies are more rigid and formal in their social dealings as they value respect, familial relations, and social status.
  48. 48. How does our own society define our identity as Filipinos? Our own Filipino society has a set of social values that govern our everyday interactions and define our character as uniquely Filipino
  49. 49. Evident in Filipino Society: • Close family ties • Extended family relations • Community relations
  50. 50. Traditions that contribute to harmonious relations: • Pakikisama • Pakikipagkapwa-tao • Utang-na-loob • Damayan • Bayanihan
  51. 51. Religion also occupies an important role in Filipino Society. Majority of Filipinos profess in Christian faith and religion has significant influence in many traditions and practices. • Fiesta • Celebrations
  52. 52. Kung pagwapuhan ang laban si Bestfriend na ang panalo.
  53. 53. APPLICATION:
  54. 54. THINK: Describe how the following social institutions influence your development as a person. Write your answers in the boxes.
  55. 55. Government ME ReligionSchool Family
  56. 56. ASSESSMENT
  57. 57. 1. Refers to a large, independent, and organized group of people living in the same territory and sharing a common culture and heritage. QUESTION:
  58. 58. 2. focus on studying society and its influence on the human person. QUESTION:
  59. 59. 3. The English philosopher is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so. QUESTION:
  60. 60. 4. According to him Social Contract is a covenant among individuals to cooperate and share burden of upholding the welfare of society. QUESTION:
  61. 61. 5. He said that Social Contract give emphasis to individual decision-making in society. QUESTION:
  62. 62. 1. Society 2. Social Philosophy 3. Thomas Hobbes 4. John Locke 5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau ANSWERS:
  63. 63. ASSIGNMENT / AGREEMENT
  64. 64. Look for an articles on the effect of social problems on Filipinos. Write your opinion about it.
  65. 65. End…

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