Healthcare system in india


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Brief description about healthcare system in INdia

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Healthcare system in india

  1. 1. Public Rural Health System
  2. 2. India's medical infrastructure at glance  Health sector in India is responsibility of State and central government.  In terms of service delivery it is more concerned with the state.  There are : 1. 5097 hospitals , 2. 8,70,161 Hospital beds 3. 5,03,900 Doctors 4. 7,37,000 Nurses 5. 162 Medical Colleges
  3. 3. Public Urban health system  Super speciality hospitals like AIIMS but they are very limited. (1500-2000 Beds).  Special Disease Hospitals like Cancer Hospitals and TB hospitals (500-1000 Beds).  Medical College Hospitals and district hospitals form main public health system for cities (500 Beds).  Taluka hospitals cover mostly small cities and districts (below50 Beds.)  All the hospitals have inpatient and Out patient department.  Medicines and tests are usually covered at subsidised rates but district Taluka hospitals may not have all the facilities.  Public health in general is very poor with few exceptions  This is generally due to lack of resources, over burden corruption, lack of planning and accountability.
  4. 4. Private Urban Health System  Privatised health system is much better than public health system.  This is quite expensive as compared to public health system.  The super speciality hospitals usually follow American health system model and have advance facilities.  The main customers for these is rich and middle income group.  Insurance companies are key source of medical reimbursement for medical bills.  Both cashless and reimbursement facility available with insurance companies.  Usually medical insurance coast is covered by employer in the private sector.
  5. 5. Private Urban Health system  Pharmacy , Medical test , inpatient and outpatient are integrated in single compound.  Medium Size hospitals have average infrastructure and provide basic health care.  They cater mostly lower income and middle class.  They work on both cash and insurance companies while lot of them may not be covered by insurance companies.  The facility is not superb but acceptable to some degree for non critical disease.  Nursing Homes are small private hospitals with limited infrastructure.  Again cater lower income, middle income group along with rural population which come to cities for treatment.  Facilities are not that good.
  6. 6. Private Urban Health system  Private Clinics work in collaboration with private test houses and private pharmaceuticals.  Mostly work on direct payments. In some insurance scheme some basic consultation fees is covered up to some extent.  The number of private physicians is huge but scarcity of good specialist.  Lot of good doctors also fallow private practise for some portion of their time but their number is quite small.