Advanced Distributed Learning: Enabling Enhanced Learning Experiences

701 views

Published on

What are enhanced learning experiences and how do we enable them? Presentation from ELSE 2013. TLA, Experience API, Virtual World Framework (VWF), and Mobile Training Implementation Framework (MoTIF) projects introduced.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
701
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
27
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Move from managing “documents” to managing discrete pieces of open data and content which can be tagged, shared, secured, mashed up and presented in the way that is most useful for the consumer of that information
  • The conceptual model for building a 21st century digital government is depicted in this slide. It also represents our conceptual model for enabling the learning applications we see the community wanting to build. The model acknowledges the three “layers” of digital services”The information layer contains digital information. It includes structured information (e.g., the most common concept of "data") such as learning experience data, plus unstructured information (e.g., content), such as field manuals and distributed learning content.The platform layer includes all the systems and processes used to manage and expose this information anytime, anywhere, and on any device.A web service or Web API (Application Programming Interface) is a method of communication between two electronic devices across the world wide web.The presentation layer  defines the manner in which information is organized and provided to customers. It represents the way the government and private sector deliver government information (e.g., data or content) digitally, whether through websites,16 mobile applications, or other modes of delivery.These three layers separate information creation from information presentation – allowing us to create content and data once, and then use it in different ways. In effect, this model represents a fundamental shift from the way our government provides digital services today.Why web services? Fueling the App EconomyThe City of San Francisco releases its raw public transportation data on train routes, schedules, and to-the-minute location updates directly to the public through web services. This has enabled citizen developers to write over 10 different mobile applications to help the public navigate San Francisco’s public transit systems—more services than the city could provide if it focused on presentation development rather than opening the data publicly through web services.The shared platform we envision for learning technology follows this information centric approach to enable the variety of learning applications that need to be created. Our projects focus on providing 1) open source software for managing data and content and 2) web API standards for exposing information to current and future applications. Open source software in R&D supports shaping the future of learning and the evolution from monolithic systems to information-centric approaches. Web API standards allow for commercial innovation on top of the open source software projects.
  • More than learning management systems are used for learning and training. Ultimately informal and formal learning experiences will be integrated with LMSs, human resource systems, reporting systems, job placement systems, readiness indicator systems, etc for a comprehensive learning environment. The goal is to use systems that work well for a specific function and share data between these systems.Recommender system example for “learner preferences” instead of two or three user-entered preferences.
  • ADL’s Training and Learning Architecture will be used to support the use cases described earlier in this presentation and more. TLA uses modern approaches already proven by other industries.TLA is split into two types of componentsWeb APIsOpen Source Software Relationship to SCORMSCORM is not going away.TLA can be used with SCORM or without SCORM, but they can complement one another.TLA components will covered in more detail later in this presentation.
  • If we look at traditional e-learning, there is a lot that could be going on within the content. However, due to technological restrictions and lack of services to make sense of big data, we needed to boil things down to track it. The filter here takes the data flow and filters out only a couple trickles of data.
  • The Experience API uses a technology called “Activity Streams” widely used by social media. An activity stream reads as a sentence, “Jonathan completed Information Assurance 101”. This statement is human readable, meaningful if printed on an interface, and is machine readable.The Experience API can be used to track data from any type of networked resource. This includes all of the resource types discussed at the beginning of this presentation: Mobile, Augmented reality, games, virtual worlds, etc.This was possible only with web-based content in the past. The xAPI opens up the type of content/experiences that can be used to anything that has a connection to a network.
  • The Experience API uses a technology called “Activity Streams” widely used by social media. An activity stream reads as a sentence, “Jonathan completed Information Assurance 101”. This statement is human readable, meaningful if printed on an interface, and is machine readable.The Experience API can be used to track data from any type of networked resource. This includes all of the resource types discussed at the beginning of this presentation: Mobile, Augmented reality, games, virtual worlds, etc.This was possible only with web-based content in the past. The xAPI opens up the type of content/experiences that can be used to anything that has a connection to a network.
  • Embrace HTML5 and web-based standardsExecute simulations on multiple platformsEnsure future compatibilityEnable integration with other technologiesEmbrace open source technologyAvoid vendor lock inLeverage the community of users to develop the platformNeed a feature or have an improvement? Build it! Submit it!Allow users to branch and modify the platform for their own needsUse JavaScript for simulation logicThere are millions of web developers in the world. It’s accessible and easy to learn.Performance is quickly improving, and is acceptable for may use casesDevelopment time is greatly reduced relative to other languagesModify simulation logic in real time, while the system runsUse ‘replicated computation’Run all logic on client machines. The architecture ensures synchronizationVery low server overhead. One server can run many simulations When an application is designed to use the VWF, the architecture automatically handles the replication and synchronization between clients, allowing the application to be shared by multiple users
  • A Virtual Collaborative Training Environment (VCTE)
  • ADL's sandbox application allows the user to create and edit their own environment. Be sure to check out some of the demo environments - you can reach them from the "Visit an Existing World" button.
  • ADL's sandbox application allows the user to create and edit their own environment. Be sure to check out some of the demo environments - you can reach them from the "Visit an Existing World" button.
  • Smartphones and tablets enable learning anytime and anywhereEfficient tools for performance supportSpaced learning – spacing effectExcellent opportunities for tailored content because of the context provided by a phone Phone and tablet-specific features - GPS Location, acceleration, etc Learning architecture data – Previous course history, preferences, learning style, etc
  • JKO: The DoD unique and authoritative distributed learning training platform, leveraging technology to deliver, track and report training where other traditional training methods may not be cost effective or efficient. ADL: The DoD Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Readiness) initiative to harness the power of learning and information technologies to standardize and improve education and training.History:Initiated with FY11-FY12 OSD AT&L Coalition Warfare Program (CWP) project.CWP Mobile Learning Environment (MoLE) project was sponsored to create a mobile medical application.Approximately 24 partner nations involved.Joint Staff J7 (Joint Knowledge Online) was the technology and transition lead for the MoLE project.CWP projects must result with transition of the capability to DoD and coalition partners.The CWP MoLE project transitioned into two applications:1. The Global MedAid App - Worldwide medical use, including civilian medical community2. The JKO Mobile Hybrid App – joint and coalition military training
  • a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc.a distinctive and recurring form, shape, figure, etc., in a designa dominant idea or feature
  • Focus Ares for MoTIF:Mobile Learning development guidelines (for IDs, training developers, learning technologists)Experience API JavaScript wrapper and prototypeExperience API design implications for mobileInformal learningSpaced learningLeveraging sensorsWhat SCORM functionality is needed?Status, score, progress, time, bookmarkingGlobal objectives to enable course completion sync / equivalent between desktop & mobile
  • Advanced Distributed Learning: Enabling Enhanced Learning Experiences

    1. 1. Advanced Distributed Learning:Enabling Enhanced Learning ExperiencesDamon Regan, Ph.D.The Tolliver Group, Inc., supporting the ADL InitiativeeLSE 2013
    2. 2. What are enhancedlearning experiences?2
    3. 3. 3
    4. 4. How do we enable enhancedlearning experiences?Unlock the power of data to spurinnovation and improve quality4
    5. 5. Move from managing “documents”to managing discrete pieces ofopen data and content5
    6. 6. Information-Centric Approach6Presentation LayerPlatform LayerInformation LayerOpen Data & Content(Information)Systems, Processes, Management & Web APIsPublic DigitalServicesThe Layers of Digital Serviceshttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/egov/digital-government/digital-government.htmlPrivate DigitalServices
    7. 7. • NASA Topography Databrought real slopesinto SSX Snowboarding• Zynga changesgameplay on the flybased on playerstatisticsLeveraging Data for Play
    8. 8. 8
    9. 9. •Experience Tracking•Content Brokering•Learner Profiles•CompetencyNetworksTLATraining and LearningArchitecture (TLA)9
    10. 10. TLA Experience APIWeb Service Specification &Open Source Examples10
    11. 11. Traditional Tracking11
    12. 12. Share It12LRSDesktopTabletSocial MediaMobile PhoneSmart PhoneAugmented Reality
    13. 13. Act On It13AssessmentServiceReportingSystemsStatisticsServicesLMSLRS
    14. 14. ADL Learning Record Store (LRS)Open Source Software14https://github.com/adlnet/ADL_LRS
    15. 15. Learning Management System (LMS)User ManagementCourse ManagementRun-TimePlayerSchedulingGrade BookSearchDeliveryLearning RecordsStatisticsRepositorySequencingPreferences AssessmentReportsWhat is an LRS?15
    16. 16. What is an LRS?16Learning Record Store (LRS)Learning Records
    17. 17. Get Involved – Experience API17• Stakeholders – Find out about the latest specrelease, open source software and other majorannouncements• Adopters – Work with ADL and other developersto integrate the Experience API into your learningenvironment• Specification Contributors – Influence thespecification and technology roadmapxapi.adlnet.gov
    18. 18. Enabling Games and Virtual WorldLearning Experiences18
    19. 19. Virtual World Framework‣ A fast, light-weight, web-based architecture forcreating and distributing, scalable, collaborative, andcomponent-based virtual spaces‣ Design Goals• HTML5 and Web-based standards• Open source• JavaScript for simulation logic• Replicated computation
    20. 20. 20
    21. 21. 21
    22. 22. 22
    23. 23. Enabling Mobile LearningExperiences23
    24. 24. Why Mobile?“As part of this strategy, the delivery ofcredible, rigorous, and relevant trainingand education products through themedium of hand held devices for theindividual Soldier provides the optimumdelivery mechanism for the future force.”Army Learning Concept 201524
    25. 25. JKO/ADL MobilePilot25
    26. 26. • Free App available in Apple and Android Appstores• Course completions synch with JKO desktopsystem for tracking and reporting• Download job aids• Get the latest JKO news• Access podcasts, videos and e-books• Course content segregated by participatingpartners and PIN• Public content and news announcementsavailable without PINFeatures and Benefits26
    27. 27. • USFK TDY Theater Specific Required Training• USFK PCS Theater Specific Required Training• Operational Swahili• VCAT Afghanistan Pashto +L• VCAT Afghanistan Dari +L• Cross-Cultural Competence Trainer (3CT) forCiviliansCourses Currently Available27
    28. 28. • Continuing ADL/Partner lab coalition collaboration– Best practices and lessons learned sharing– Content sharing• Expansion of content development• Integration of Experience API• Instructional strategies for mobile learning• Guidance and best practices on mobile learningdevelopment for the DoD communityJKO/ADL Mobile Pilot Way Forward28
    29. 29. Mobile Training ImplementationFramework (MoTIF)Produce examples, guidelines, and bestpractices for designing mobile learning29http://motif.adlnet.gov
    30. 30. Approach30Integrative Learning Design Framework (ILDF)Developed by Dr. Brenda BannanConsists of 4 Phases:1. Informed Exploration (needs analysis)2. Enactment (intervention development)3. Local Evaluation (road test & iterative feedback loops)4. Broad Evaluation (diffusion of innovation)Currently in Phase 1 (needs analysis): March – July 2013
    31. 31. Resources31ADL Training & Learning Architecture (TLA)http://www.adlnet.gov/tlaTLA Experience API (Tin Can API) & Public Groupshttp://xapi.adlnet.govADL GitHub Main Linkhttps://github.com/adlnetWhitehouse Digital Government Documenthttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/egov/digital-government/digital-government.html#topADL Mobile Learninghttp://ml.adlnet.govVirtual World Framework (VWF)http://www.virtualworldframework.comADL VWF Sandboxhttp://vwf.adlnet.gov/adl/sandbox/
    32. 32. 32Let’s Connect!@damonreganDamon Regan, Ph.D.Technical Team Co-LeadThe Tolliver Group, Incdamon.regan.ctr@adlnet.gov

    ×